Opening a dialogue between ecocriticism and transatlantic studies, this collection shows how the two fields inform, complement, and complicate each other. The editors situate the volume in its critical contexts by providing a detailed literary and historical overview of nineteenth-century transatlantic socioenvironmental issues involving such topics as the contemporary fur and timber trades, colonialism and agricultural "improvement," literary discourses on conservation, and the consequences of industrial capitalism, urbanization, and urban environmental activism. The chapters move from the broad to the particular, offering insights into Romanticism’s transatlantic discourses on nature and culture, examining British Victorian representations of nature in light of their reception by American writers and readers, providing in-depth analyses of literary forms such as the adventure novel, travel narratives, and theological and scientific writings, and bringing transatlantic and ecocritical perspectives to bear on classic works of nineteenth-century American literature. By opening a critical dialogue between these two vital areas of scholarship, Transatlantic Literary Ecologies demonstrates some of the key ways in which Western environmental consciousness and associated literary practices arose in the context of transatlantic literary and cultural exchanges during the long nineteenth century.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Nineteenth–Century Transatlantic Literary Ecologies, Kevin Hutchings and John Miller
Chapter 1: The Poetry and Agricultural Politics of Transatlantic Radicalism, 1789–93: Joel Barlow’s The Hasty Pudding, Michael Demson
Chapter 2: Stewardship and Plenitude: William Bartram, the Lake Poets, and Romantic Ecology, David Higgins
Chapter 3: Transatlantic Extinctions and the "Vanishing American," Kevin Hutchings
Chapter 4: Reading the "Book of Nature": Thomas Cole and the British Romantics, Samantha Harvey
Chapter 5: The Ornithographies of John Clare and Henry David Thoreau, Markus Poetzsch
Chapter 6: (Un)settling Desires: Erotics and Ecologies in Nathaniel Hawthorne’s Transatlantic Romances, Daniel Hannah
Chapter 7: The Sublime and the Dying: Landscape Aesthetics and Animal Suffering in the Boy’s–Own Fur Trade, John Miller
Chapter 8: John Muir, John Ruskin and the Anthropocene: Modern Painters IV and Studies in the Sierra, Terry Gifford
Chapter 9: Mark Twain’s The Innocents Abroad, Transatlantic Travel Writing, and the Desolation of the Holy Land, Joshua Mabie
Chapter 10: "No Region for Tourists and Women": Isabella Bird, Local Ecology and the Transatlantic Sphere, Amanda Adams
Chapter 11: "Enchased and Lettered": Thomas Hardy’s American Readers and the Nature of Place, Adrian Tait
Afterword, James C. McKusick
Notes on Contributors
Kevin Hutchings is Professor of English at the University of Northern British Columbia, Canada.
John Miller is Senior Lecturer in Nineteenth-Century Literature at the University of Sheffield, UK.