1st Edition

Transforming Agriculture in South Asia The Role of Value Chains and Contract Farming

Edited By Ashok K. Mishra, Anjani Kumar, Pramod K. Joshi Copyright 2021
    430 Pages 45 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    430 Pages 45 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    Debates about public expenditure in the agricultural sector have reopened in many developing and emerging economies because of high budget deficits and changes in public opinion. As a result, agricultural policy in many of these countries is beginning to take a more market-oriented approach to agrarian problems, most notably through the introduction of contract farming. This book explores the policy issues around contract farming and its transformative potential and addresses the lack of empirical research on this topic by focusing on South Asia: principally India, Bangladesh and Nepal.

    The book first addresses the effects of contract farming (vertical coordination) on productivity, food security indicators (yield, consumption expenditures, prices), employment and input usage. Then it draws lessons from the South Asian case studies on the impact of institutional changes, like contract farming, on income and food security of smallholder households. The core of the book includes case study chapters on several commodities that are produced under contract farming, including vegetables and fisheries in Bangladesh, low-value crops in Nepal and coffee in India. Other chapters also explore contracts, storage, input usage and technical efficiency in these cases.

    This book serves as an essential guide to academics, researchers, students, legislative liaisons and think tank groups interested in agrarian issues, agricultural economics and agricultural policy in emerging economies and particularly in South Asia.


    M. S. Swaminathan

    1. Introduction

    Ashok K. Mishra, Anjani Kumar and Pramod K. Joshi

    Part I: Understanding the Agricultural Sector, Transformation, Value Chains and Contract Farming

    2. Agriculture in South Asia: Trends and Prospects

    Hiroyuki Takeshima

    3. Agriculture on the Rise in Bangladesh: The Future Role of Value Chains

    Khondoker Abdul Mottaleb, Akbar Hossain and Md. Israil Hossain

    4. Structural Transformation and Sources of Growth in South Asian Agriculture

    Pratap S. Birthal and Ghanshyam Pandey

    5. The Agricultural Sector in Nepal: Scope of Improvement and Value Chains

    Ganesh Thapa

    6. Financing Agricultural Value Chains

    Pratap S. Birthal, Pramod K. Joshi and Jaweriah Hazrana

    7. Role of Transaction Costs in Modern Food Retail Chains: Empirical Evidence from India

    Kedar Vishnu and Alwin Dsouza

    Part II: Case Studies in Contract Farming

    8. Contract Farming in Lentils and Rice Seed Production: Case Studies from Nepal

    Ashok K. Mishra, Anjani Kumar and Stefan Hirsch

    9. Formal Versus Informal Milk Value Chains in Bangladesh: Trade-Offs Between Price and Food Safety

    Anjani Kumar, Vinay K Sonkar and Sunil Saroj

    10. Durum Wheat Value Chain in Pakistan: Scanning Current Picture and Exploring Future Potential

    Akhter Ali and Tariq Saleem

    11. Contract Farming and Farm Performance: Evidence from Brinjal Cultivation in Bangladesh

    Anjani Kumar, Gaurav Tripathi, Devesh Roy, Abu Hayat Md. Saiful Islam

    12. Value Chains in Aquaculture and Fisheries in Bangladesh

    Madan M. Dey and Prasanna Surathkal

    13. Mango Value Chains in India

    Madhuri Saripalle and Elumalai Kannan

    14. Moving towards Sustainability: An Evaluation of Indian Coffee in the Global Food Value Chain

    Parmod Kumar, A.V. Manjunatha and C.M. Devika

    Part III: Contract Farming, Storage and Technical Efficiency

    15. Indian Agriculture and Agro-Processing in the Global Value Chains

    Seema Bathla and Abhishek Jha

    16. Harvesting the Booming Potential: The Case of Maize Value Chain in Pakistan

    Akhter Ali and Muhammad Umer Afzal

    17. Storage and Structural Factors Determining the Commercialization of Indian Agriculture

    A. Ganesh-Kumar and Varun Kumar Das

    18. Agri-Commodity Futures and Value Chains

    Tirtha Chatterjee, Raghav Raghunathan and Ashok Gulati

    19. Contract Farming and Its Impact on Fertilizer Usage: Evidence from India

    Ashok K. Mishra, Anjani Kumar and Alwin Dsouza

    20. Assessing and Explaining the Technical Efficiency of Contract and Non-Contract Farms in India

    A.V. Manjunatha, Parmod Kumar and Suman Kumar Sourav

    21. Who Quits and Who Sustains Participation in Supermarket Supply Chain? An Insight from Aditya Birla More Supply Chain

    D. Suganthi, S. Mahendra Dev and Vijay Laxmi Pandey


    Ashok K. Mishra is Kemper and Ethel Marley Foundation Chair, Morrison School of Agribusiness, W. P. Carey School of Business, Arizona State University, Tempe, USA.

    Anjani Kumar is Senior Research Fellow, International Food Policy Research Institute, South Asia Office, New Delhi, India.

    Pramod K. Joshi is former Senior Advisor to the Director General and Director–South Asia, International Food Policy Research Institute, New Delhi, India.