Transforming Agriculture in South Asia : The Role of Value Chains and Contract Farming book cover
1st Edition

Transforming Agriculture in South Asia
The Role of Value Chains and Contract Farming

ISBN 9780367696337
Published August 1, 2022 by Routledge
430 Pages 45 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Debates about public expenditure in the agricultural sector have reopened in many developing and emerging economies because of high budget deficits and changes in public opinion. As a result, agricultural policy in many of these countries is beginning to take a more market-oriented approach to agrarian problems, most notably through the introduction of contract farming. This book explores the policy issues around contract farming and its transformative potential and addresses the lack of empirical research on this topic by focusing on South Asia: principally India, Bangladesh and Nepal.

The book first addresses the effects of contract farming (vertical coordination) on productivity, food security indicators (yield, consumption expenditures, prices), employment and input usage. Then it draws lessons from the South Asian case studies on the impact of institutional changes, like contract farming, on income and food security of smallholder households. The core of the book includes case study chapters on several commodities that are produced under contract farming, including vegetables and fisheries in Bangladesh, low-value crops in Nepal and coffee in India. Other chapters also explore contracts, storage, input usage and technical efficiency in these cases.

This book serves as an essential guide to academics, researchers, students, legislative liaisons and think tank groups interested in agrarian issues, agricultural economics and agricultural policy in emerging economies and particularly in South Asia.

Table of Contents


M. S. Swaminathan

1. Introduction

Ashok K. Mishra, Anjani Kumar and Pramod K. Joshi

Part I: Understanding the Agricultural Sector, Transformation, Value Chains and Contract Farming

2. Agriculture in South Asia: Trends and Prospects

Hiroyuki Takeshima

3. Agriculture on the Rise in Bangladesh: The Future Role of Value Chains

Khondoker Abdul Mottaleb, Akbar Hossain and Md. Israil Hossain

4. Structural Transformation and Sources of Growth in South Asian Agriculture

Pratap S. Birthal and Ghanshyam Pandey

5. The Agricultural Sector in Nepal: Scope of Improvement and Value Chains

Ganesh Thapa

6. Financing Agricultural Value Chains

Pratap S. Birthal, Pramod K. Joshi and Jaweriah Hazrana

7. Role of Transaction Costs in Modern Food Retail Chains: Empirical Evidence from India

Kedar Vishnu and Alwin Dsouza

Part II: Case Studies in Contract Farming

8. Contract Farming in Lentils and Rice Seed Production: Case Studies from Nepal

Ashok K. Mishra, Anjani Kumar and Stefan Hirsch

9. Formal Versus Informal Milk Value Chains in Bangladesh: Trade-Offs Between Price and Food Safety

Anjani Kumar, Vinay K Sonkar and Sunil Saroj

10. Durum Wheat Value Chain in Pakistan: Scanning Current Picture and Exploring Future Potential

Akhter Ali and Tariq Saleem

11. Contract Farming and Farm Performance: Evidence from Brinjal Cultivation in Bangladesh

Anjani Kumar, Gaurav Tripathi, Devesh Roy, Abu Hayat Md. Saiful Islam

12. Value Chains in Aquaculture and Fisheries in Bangladesh

Madan M. Dey and Prasanna Surathkal

13. Mango Value Chains in India

Madhuri Saripalle and Elumalai Kannan

14. Moving towards Sustainability: An Evaluation of Indian Coffee in the Global Food Value Chain

Parmod Kumar, A.V. Manjunatha and C.M. Devika

Part III: Contract Farming, Storage and Technical Efficiency

15. Indian Agriculture and Agro-Processing in the Global Value Chains

Seema Bathla and Abhishek Jha

16. Harvesting the Booming Potential: The Case of Maize Value Chain in Pakistan

Akhter Ali and Muhammad Umer Afzal

17. Storage and Structural Factors Determining the Commercialization of Indian Agriculture

A. Ganesh-Kumar and Varun Kumar Das

18. Agri-Commodity Futures and Value Chains

Tirtha Chatterjee, Raghav Raghunathan and Ashok Gulati

19. Contract Farming and Its Impact on Fertilizer Usage: Evidence from India

Ashok K. Mishra, Anjani Kumar and Alwin Dsouza

20. Assessing and Explaining the Technical Efficiency of Contract and Non-Contract Farms in India

A.V. Manjunatha, Parmod Kumar and Suman Kumar Sourav

21. Who Quits and Who Sustains Participation in Supermarket Supply Chain? An Insight from Aditya Birla More Supply Chain

D. Suganthi, S. Mahendra Dev and Vijay Laxmi Pandey

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Ashok K. Mishra is Kemper and Ethel Marley Foundation Chair, Morrison School of Agribusiness, W. P. Carey School of Business, Arizona State University, Tempe, USA.

Anjani Kumar is Senior Research Fellow, International Food Policy Research Institute, South Asia Office, New Delhi, India.

Pramod K. Joshi is former Senior Advisor to the Director General and Director–South Asia, International Food Policy Research Institute, New Delhi, India.