Drawing on key international reports and input from leading healthcare practitioners and educators worldwide, this ground-breaking book closely examines the real issues facing medicine and medical education. With a wide-ranging, evidence-based approach, the author identifies key drivers of change in both the developing and developed world.
He examines national and international medical education priorities, suggests practical educational development and change management strategies to translate reforms into reality, and reviews the role of the medical profession as part of the wider healthcare community. This highly detailed, full-colour text offers thought-provoking reading for all healthcare educators and professionals.
Healthcare managers and policy makers will find invaluable the practical, specific guidance for change. Healthcare students too, will find the accessible advice for personal direction and development both eye-opening and inspirational.
With commentaries by experts who participated as members of The Lancet Commission on Education of 'Health Professionals for a New Century: Transforming Education to Strengthen Health Systems in an Interdependent World' Lord Nigel Crisp, House of Lords, London, United Kingdom Professor Patricia J. Garcia, Dean, School of Public Health and Administration, Cayetano Heredia University, Lima, Peru Professor Afaf I. Meleis, Margaret Bond Simon Dean of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, United States and an epilogue on 'Leadership in Medicine and Healthcare for the 21st century' by Dr Ruth Collins-Nakai, former president of the Canadian Medical Association and chair of the Canadian Medical Foundation, Ontario, Canada
Table of Contents
Foreword. Commentaries by members of The Lancet Commission on Education's Health Professionals for a New Century. Preface. About the author. Acknowledgements. Figures and tables. Introduction. Key drivers of change. Changing demographics and redefining health priorities. Social determinants of health. Obesity: 'a diet to disaster'. Malnutrition: 'the face of worldwide hunger'. Impact of rising costs on healthcare. Improving health literacy. Global health: 'putting families and communities at the hub'. Scientific megatrends in healthcare and information technology. Breaking down inter/trans-professional barriers. The Lancet Commission report and concluding comments. National reviews of medical education. Common issues and concerns in medical education. National reports and the possible need to 'dig deeper'. Balancing primary care and the specialties. Barriers to achieving reforms. Educational priorities in medical education. A synthesis of key educational priorities in medical education. Systemic problems in medical education. Curriculum reform in medical education: returning to first principles? Main purpose of restructuring healthcare education and training. Competencies for the twenty-first century. Refocusing medical education: from teaching to learning. Considering Confucian and Socratic learning philosophies. Educational challenges in implementing 'transformative' learning. Enhancing understanding and acquisition of professional skills. Medical education: learning systems review and development. Rationales for change: a recap. Three approaches to planning and operating educational systems. Reconceptualising healthcare education and training. Mapping population health and competency needs using the DACUM process. Benefits of applying DACUM in healthcare curricula. Case examples: learning systems implementation. The University of the Philippines Manila School of Health Science: 'where health workers are trained to stay and serve.' From competencies to learning outcomes. A case study in curriculum mapping of core medicine. Adapting healthcare curricula to the twenty-first century. Learning outcome components. Learning systems design: ensuring patient safety and learning effectiveness. An example of creating an interprofessional, innovative and engaging learning environment. Learning that lasts: the 'law of cumulative ignorance.' Medical education and the management of change. Improving postgraduate education: lessons from a national study. National Health Service cultures and organisational performance: research findings. The adaptive-generative development model to guide change and innovation. Enacting change: think globally, act locally. Building an action culture. Interactional leadership: valuing emotions and social interaction. Implications of applying the leadership framework in healthcare. Toward professional standards in healthcare education. 'Choosing' to lead. The physician - patient contract. Changing physician - patient relationships. Public perceptions of physicians. Toward a new physician - patient contract. Professional as 'authority': a patient's story. Defining patient rights to good medical practice in the twenty-first century. Professional as 'partner': a junior doctor's story. Realising the aims of medicine in the twenty-first century. Patients in the twenty-first century. Role of medicine: cure illness, extend life or 'medicalise' society? Developed nations: cutting costs - prioritising patients and resources? Developing nations: key ingredients for success? Healthcare by 2020 and beyond: 'back to the future?' From academic centres to academic systems and longitudinal integrated rotations or clerkships. Remote care requirements for NASA and community-based medicine. Reducing costs, yet safer and more efficient treatment? 'What's Past is Prologue': Revitalising Medication Education and training for the 21st Century. Transforming medical education: seizing the moment. Factors underpinning long-term, highly successful organisations. Organisational reorientation: shifting the paradigm. Expanding from local and national to global health systems. Toward new curriculum models for healthcare education and training. Building teamwork, not 'team work.' Future technological advances and healthcare. Managing the change process. Facing limitations and challenges: broadening the field of medicine and medical education in the twenty-first century. Human population growth and global carrying capacity. Finding solutions to emerging needs and problems. International 'beacons of change and innovation' in medical education. Medical and healthcare education at a crossroad. A closing word and the 'pale blue dot.' Epilogue: Leadership in medicine and healthcare for the 21st Century. References. Index.
"Dr Lueddeke is very well placed to write this book as he has worked in both secondary and higher education, including medical, in remote and large urban communities, in both Canada and the United Kingdom. His expertise in educational development has also brought him to different corners of the world. I am confident that you will find this book an enjoyable and informative companion."
— Manuel M Dayrit, in his Foreword
"Speaking for myself who has worked in various contexts – healthcare institutions, rural villages, government bureaucracies –with the goal of improving the health of people, this book allows me to look back at my experiences with new eyes and enables me to look at future challenges with imagination and new inspiration."
— Dr Manuel M Dayrit, Director, Department of Human Resources for Health, World Health Organisation (previously Minister of Health for ThePhilippines)
"This book could be transformative and a turning point in medical education specifically and healthcare education generally. It is a step in the right direction and should be required reading for educators, students/trainees and managers in medicine, nursing, public health and other health/social care professions. It is a driver and facilitator in advancing progress in interprofessional education."
— Professor Afaf I. Meleis, Margaret Bond Simon Dean of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, United States
"Undoubtedly, the book will challenge many to rethink healthcare, health systems and health/medical education in a global context that is changing with unprecedented speed and scope."
— Dr Catherine Michaud, Consultant, The China Medical Board, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
"Global developments set the scene for the radical changes in the education and training of health professionals. Ultimately, it is transformation in how health professionals work, and most fundamental of all, in how they think and how they understand the world that will lead to improvements in health and healthcare. "
— Lord Nigel Crisp, House of Lords, London, United Kingdom
"I LOVE IT. This book is amazing and your input is excellent, brilliant and smashing - it is lived and real leadership!!!! Congratulations."
— Professor Dr. med. Björn Brücher, Professor of Surgery, Medical Director Peritoneal Surface Malignancies Center of Excellence & Chief, Division of Cancer Research, BSNCI Bon Secours National Cancer Institute, United States; Founder of the Theodor-Billroth-Academy University of Tübingen, Germany
"This book will be of interest to all because it offers more than just a discussion of changes in the education of health professionals; it offers suggestions to real enabling actions."
— Professor Patricia J Garcia, Dean, School of Public Health and Administration, Universidad Peruna Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru
"I've read your book, thoroughly enjoyed it, and have now shared it with others. Thanks for this terrific synthesis and contribution to the field."
— Dr Joseph Kolars, M.D. Senior Associate Dean for Education and Global Initiatives at the University of Michigan Medical School
"I continue to use your book which is excellent....and seminars here would be a good idea."
— Professor Geoff McColl, Consultant Rheumatologist, deputy dean of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, and director of Melbourne University's Medical Education Unit, Melbourne, Australia
"I like your book...lots of innovative thinking" (to be translated into Polish) "... recommended to members of the European Public Health Future Research Working Group (Director General Research of the European Commission)
— Dr Miroslaw J. Wysocki, Director General, National institute of Public Health - NIPH, Warsaw, Poland
"This book is useful to anyone interested in the advancement of healthcare. It joins a growing body of titles exploring the future of medical education — but what sets it apart is the full circle exploration of where we have been to where we should be on a local and global level."
— Dana Abbey, MLS, Health Information Literacy Coordinator National Network of Libraries of Medicine, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, United States
"I have gone through your book and find it very informative as it provides a comprehensive analysis of health/social care issues facing the developed and developing worlds and highlights the need for strengthening medical/healthcare education and training - coping with emerging needs and global developments. I am optimistic that this manuscript will pioneer a new thought process and will be useful in scaling up human resources for health and increasing their productivity in line with the Global Health Workforce Alliance strategy for 2013-2016: 'advancing the health workforce agenda within universal coverage."
— Dr Muhammad Mahmood Afzal, Head of Country Facilitation Team, Global Health Workforce Alliance (GHWA), Geneva, Switzerland
"I have indeed read your new book and recommended it to a number of AMA colleagues. It is an excellent summary of the state of medical/health care education today and issues for the future.
— Susan E. Skochelak MD, MPH, Vice President, Medical Education, American Medical Association