Building on comparative research in the U.K. and the U.S.A., this is the first book focused specifically on transgender experiences within policing. It examines the issues faced by the transgender community within policing and explores how gender, and the non-conformity of it, is perceived within police cultures. Moreover, it provides an on-going critique of the queer criminology movement and why it is crucial to policing studies, emphasising the specific importance of transgender issues therein.
This empirical book provides qualitative data from American officers and English and Welsh constables on transgender police. The following research questions are addressed: What are the perceptions of cisgender officers towards transgender officers, and what are the consequences of these perceptions? What are the occupational experiences and perceptions of officers who identify as transgender within policing? Finally, what are the reported positive and negative administrative issues that transgender individuals face within policing? The author concludes by discussing the empirical, theoretical and policy contributions of this research and offers some final thoughts on policy recommendations and directions for future research.
A strong contribution to the literature in critical criminology and queer criminology, this book will also be of interest to those in the fields of gender studies, sociology, public administration, management studies and policing studies.
Table of Contents
Introduction. Current Failures in ‘Queer’ Criminology: Why Transgender Identities Should Be Included in LGBT+ Police Research
1. The Silent "T" in LGBT+ Police Studies
2. Previous Police Research on LGBT+ Identities
3. Gendered Divisions and Social Spaces within Policing
4. My Reflective Exploration into Police Culture
5. Comparative Research on the Intersection of Police Culture and Transgender Identities
6. "A man who cuts his penis off will never be a woman": Cisgender Police Perceptions of Transgender Officers
7. "We’re the ugly child of the LGBT world": Trans Police Occupational Experiences within Police Culture
8. "We don’t hire people because they are male or female … We are going to make this work": Transgender Perspectives of Administrative Issues
9. Research Contributions and Future Police Policy Recommendations
Appendix A: Sample Interview Schedule
Appendix B: Common Trans Terms
Dr Heather Panter is a retired police detective with over 2,000 hours of police-specific training and a combined 13 years of American law enforcement experience with local and federal police agencies. Currently, she is a senior lecturer at Liverpool’s John Moore University where she is a programme leader in the BSc in Policing and Forensics and the program leader in the MSc in Policing and Criminal Investigations.