In this compelling volume, Tyler Stovall takes a transnational approach to the history of modern France, and by doing so draws the reader into a key aspect of France's political culture: universalism. Beginning with the French Revolution and its aftermath, Stovall traces the definitive establishment of universal manhood suffrage and the abolition of slavery in 1848. Following this critical time in France's history, Stovall then explores the growth of urban and industrial society, the beginnings of mass immigration, and the creation of a new, republican Empire. This time period gives way to the history of the two world wars, the rise of political movements like Communism and Fascism, and new directions in popular culture. The text concludes with the history of France during the Fourth and Fifth republics, concentrating on decolonization and the rise of postcolonial society and culture. Throughout these major historical events Stovall examines France's relations with three other areas of the world: Europe, the United States, and France's colonial empire, which includes a wealth of recent historical studies. By exploring these three areas-and their political, social, and cultural relations with France-the text will provide new insights into both the nature of French identity and the making of the modern world in general.
Introduction Chapter 1: French Revolution, World Revolution France and Europe in 1789 Enlightening the World From Crisis to Revolution The Liberal Revolution Rise and Fall of the Radical Revolution The First Empire Chapter 2: Restoration, Revolution, and Empire: France, 1815-1852 Life in Early Nineteenth Century France The Restoration The Struggle for Liberty The Restoration and France Overseas The Revolution of 1830 Industrial Revolution Winners and Losers: The New Industrial Society The July Monarchy Beyond Liberty? New Paths to Reform and Revolution The Revolutions of 1848 From Republic to Empire Chapter 3: Imperial Democracy? France under the Second Empire, 1852-1870 Europe and the World in the Mid-Nineteenth Century The Authoritarian Empire France Confronts a Changing World New Visions of Empire The Liberal Empire The Franco-Prussian War and the Fall of the Empire Chapter 4 Paris: The Making of a World Capital The Rise of World Cities The Haussmannization of Paris Paris and the Cultures of Modernity The Franco-Prussian War and the Siege of Paris The Paris Commune Paris, World Capital of Consumer Culture Montmarte and the Rise of a New Bohemia Paris on Display to the World Chapter 5: The Universal Republic Global Change: The Second Industrial Revolution and the Rise of Mass Society Universalism and the Third Republic The "Republicanization" of the Republic The Republicanization of France The Republic in Danger The Dreyfus Affair The Radical Republic Chapter 6: The Republican Empire The New Imperialism Jules Ferry le tonkinois and the New French Empire France and the Scramble for Africa The Old Colonies and the New Empire Ideas and Realities of Empire France in the Colonies The Colonies in France Chapter 7: The Universal Nation in a World at War France, Europe, and the World Face a New Century France in the Belle Epoque The Road to War France Goes to War France Adjusts to War Battle and Survival in the Trenches The Empire Goes to War The Crises of 1917 The Final Year of the War Chapter 8: From One War to Another: The Universal Nation in Crisis The Peace of Paris and the Versailles Treaty Prosperity and Anxiety in the Interwar Years Interwar Politics and Diplomacy The Crazy Years: New Dimensions in Avant-Garde and Popular Culture One Hundred Million Frenchmen: Imperial France between the Wars France and the World Depression Foreign Affairs and the End of the Peace Chapter 9: France in World War II: Defeat and Rebirth of the Universal Nation Phoney War and Collapse Vichy and the National Revolution Vichy, Germany, and the Jews Empire by Association: Vichy and the Colonies Life in Wartime France The Resistance and the Decline of Vichy Liberation Chapter 10: The Fourth Republic: New Challenges for the Transnational Nation From the Liberation to the Fourth Republic Cold War and Coca-Colonization: France between Superpowers Building a New France The Revolt against Empire Building a New France The Revolt against Empire The Algerian War and the End of the Fourth Republic Chapter 11: The Fifth Republic: A New Era for France Building the Fifth Republic La Gloire: de Gaulle, France, and the World Prosperity and Consumer Society Revolution in France? The End of Postwar Prosperity The Socialists Take Power Chapter 12: Postcolonial France: A New Universal Nation? The New Globalism and the End of the "Short" Twentieth Century The Rose Revolution: Achievements and Discontents Immigration and Race at the end of the Twentieth Century Memories and Legacies of War France, Europe, and the World at the End of the Twentieth Century France Enters a New Millennium Thunder on the Right