Transnational Security: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Transnational Security

1st Edition

By Marie-Helen Maras

CRC Press

373 pages | 28 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2014-10-09
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Globalization and the easy movement of people, weapons, and toxins across borders has transformed security into a transnational phenomenon. Preventing transnational security threats has proven to be a very difficult challenge for governments and institutions around the world. Transnational Security addresses these issues, which are at the forefront of every global security professional’s agenda.

This book analyzes the most pressing current transnational security threats, including weapons of mass destruction, terrorism, organized crime, cybercrime, natural disasters, human-made disasters, infectious diseases, food insecurity, water insecurity, and energy insecurity. It considers the applicable international laws and examines how key international organizations are dealing with these issues.

The author uses a combination of theory and real-world examples to illustrate the transnational nature of security risks. By providing a detailed account of the different threats, countermeasures, and their implications for a number of different fields—law, public policy and administration, security, and criminology—this book will be an extremely useful resource for academicians, practitioners, and graduate and upper-level undergraduate students in these areas.


"In her latest book, Dr. Maras launches readers into a world where the bricks of national security are held in place by the mortar of transnational security. Dr. Maras spares no one in framing transnational threats for her reader’s consideration. This book is both well researched and well documented. For those tasked with researching and developing security policy, student and practitioner alike, this is your book."

—General Aviation Security Magazine

Table of Contents


The Author


Transnational Security: An Introduction

The State of Security

Security and Its Relationship to Threats

The Pursuit of Security: Prioritizing Security and Societal Values

The Cost of Pursuing Security: The Problem with Trade-Offs

The Provision of Security

The Transformation of Security

Dealing with Transnational Security

Concluding Thoughts

Decisions Under Uncertainty: Theories and Practice in Security Studies

Perpetrators as Rational Actors

The Perils of Uncertainty



Certainty Also Matters: The Pitfalls of Misplaced Certainty

The Problems with Preemption

Targeted Killings: Justified Preemptive Strikes?

Ushering in the Age of Precaution

Errors in Decision Making in Response to Uncertainty: Lessons from Psychology

Concluding Thoughts

Weapons of Mass Destruction and Nonproliferation

Nonproliferation: Arms Control in Practice

Nuclear Terrorism

Kant and the Objectives of Classical Arms Control Theory

Democracies and Arms Control

Choosing Arms Control: What Determines This

Identities and Roles in Practice

Nuclear Weapons and the Double-Damned Dilemma

Concluding Thoughts

Transnational Terrorism

What Is Terrorism?

Typologies of Terrorism

Terrorists’ Modus Operandi


Drivers for Counterterrorism

Criminalizing and Combating Terrorism

Concluding Thoughts

Transnational Organized Crime

Transnational Organized Crime

Human Trafficking

Child Trafficking

Organ Trafficking

Human Smuggling

Drug Trafficking

Drivers of Drug Trafficking

Drug Trafficking Hubs

Wildlife Trafficking

Drivers for Wildlife Trafficking

International Laws and Initiatives

Arms Trafficking

Cigarette Trafficking

Trafficking in Precious Metals and Gemstones

Cultural Property Trafficking

Concluding Thoughts


Committing Cybercrime

Desperately Seeking Cybersecurity

United and Structured Cybersecurity Response

Deterring Cybercriminals

Public–Private Partnerships

Concluding Thoughts

Natural Disasters: A Forgotten Security Risk?

Natural Disasters: Costs and Consequences

The Risk of Natural Disasters

Emergency Management





Lessons Learned in International Emergency Management

Concluding Thoughts

Human-Made Disasters

Types of Human-Made Disasters

Nuclear Events: Accidents or Incidents?

Chemical Accidents


Oil Spills

Concluding Thoughts

Infectious Diseases

The Spread of Infectious Diseases

Impact of Infectious Diseases

Weaponization of Infectious Diseases




Dealing with Infectious Diseases

Prevention and Mitigation



Concluding Thoughts

Security Issues in Conflict and Post-Conflict Societies

Mass Atrocities

Dealing with Mass Atrocities

Preventing Conflict

Early Warning Systems

Protecting Civilians

Ending Impunity

Repairing Harm Done

Refugee Crises

Concluding Thoughts

The Fight for Natural Resources: Seeking Food and Water Security

Food Security

Food Insecurity

Dealing with Food Insecurity

The Right to Food and the Right to Be Free from Hunger

Water Security

Drivers of Water Scarcity

Water Conflicts

The Right to Water

Concluding Thoughts

Energy Security: Current Issues

Energy Sources

The Pursuit of Energy Security

Energy Geopolitics of Turkey

Persian Gulf Energy Resources

Transporting Energy Resources: Disruptions and Vulnerabilities

Oil Embargoes and World Energy Security

Dealing with Energy Insecurity

Concluding Thoughts

The Future of Transnational Security: Concluding Remarks

Structural Issues in Transnational Security




The Way Forward

Environmental Issues: Climate Change

"New" Transnational Security Threats

About the Author

Dr. Marie-Helen Maras is an Associate Professor at the Department of Security, Fire, and Emergency Management at John Jay College of Criminal Justice. She has a DPhil in Law and an MPhil in Criminology and Criminal Justice from the University of Oxford. In addition, she holds a graduate degree in Industrial and Organizational Psychology from the University of New Haven and undergraduate degrees in Computer and Information Science and Psychology from the University of Maryland University College. She has taught at New York University and SUNY-Farmingdale.

Dr. Maras has published four major works at Jones and Bartlett, books titled: Computer Forensics: Cybercriminals, Laws and Evidence (1st edition); Computer Forensics: Cybercriminals, Laws and Evidence (2nd edition); Exploring Criminal Justice: The Essentials; and Counterterrorism. She has also published in peer-reviewed academic journal articles on the economic, social and political consequences of measures seeking the surveillance of the telecommunications and electronic communications data of all EU citizens in the European Journal of Law and Economics, International Journal of Law, Crime and Justice and the Hamburg Review of Social Sciences. Moreover, she has provided chapters for edited volumes by Benjamin Goold and Daniel Neyland, titled New Directions in Privacy and Surveillance (Willan Publishing, 2009), and Justin Sinclair and Daniel Antonius, titled The Political Psychology of Terrorism Fears (Oxford University Press, 2013). Furthermore, she published an edited volume titled CRC Press Reader on Terrorism (2013).

In addition to her teaching and academic work, her background includes approximately seven years of service in the U.S. Navy with significant experience in security and law enforcement from her posts as a Navy Law Enforcement Specialist and Command Investigator. While in the Navy, she supervised her personnel in conducting over 130 counter-surveillance operations throughout Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom. During the early stages of her military career, she worked as an Electronics and Calibration Technician.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
COMPUTERS / Security / General
HISTORY / Military / General
LAW / Criminal Law / General
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Political Freedom & Security / Terrorism