Travellers in Time: Imagining Movement in the Ancient Aegean World, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Travellers in Time

Imagining Movement in the Ancient Aegean World, 1st Edition

By Saro Wallace

Routledge

504 pages

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pub: 2018-03-20
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Description

Travellers in Time re-evaluates the extent to which the earliest Mediterranean civilizations were affected by population movement. It critiques both traditional culture-history-grounded notions of movement in the region as straightforwardly transformative, and the processual, systemic models that have more recently replaced this view, arguing that newer scholarship too often pays limited attention to the specific encounters, experiences and agents involved in travel.

By assessing a broad range of recent archaeological and ancient textual data from the Aegean and central and east Mediterranean via five comprehensive studies, this book makes a compelling case for rethinking issues such as identity, agency, materiality and experience through an understanding of movement as transformative.

This innovative and timely study will be of interest to advanced undergraduates, postgraduate students and scholars in the fields of Aegean/Mediterranean prehistory and Classical archaeology, as well as anyone interested in ancient Aegean and Mediterranean culture.

Table of Contents

Opening quotations page

List of tables and illustrations

Acknowledgements

 

Part 1

Imagining movement

1. Timing, context and aims of this book

2. The conceptual toolkit: existing approaches to Mediterranean movement

3. The Aegean focus: European/Mediterranean, disciplinary, and data context

a. A European and Mediterranean location

b. Disciplinary and cultural perspectives on the ancient Aegean

c. Aegean data quality: special features

4. Analysing ancient culture change – earlier approaches and the ways they are built on in this book

5. Movement and culture change in the ancient Aegean: recent region-specific perspectives

6. Summary: context, methods and parameters of the present study

Part 2

Movement as explanation: the heritage

1. Introduction

2. The Classical archaeology tradition

3. Nation, race, ethnicity and movement

4. Imperial legacies

5. Sociocultural change and movement: frameworks of past scholarship

6. Conclusions

Part 3

Movement, 'Anatolianising’ culture and Aegean social change c. 3500 – 2300 BC

1. Introduction

2. The long view on Neolithic-EB movement: questions of origins and identity

3. Timing and nature of late FN sociocultural changes: evidence and interpretation

4. Envisioning movement’s roots and pressures

5. Approach, experience and response in movement

6. Longer-term impacts of movement

7. Movement models and the late EB II crisis – a regional-scale view

8. Movement, culture change and the Aegean, EB II-III

9. Conclusions

 

Part 4

Crete and Cretans in the Mediterranean, 18th to 16th centuries BC

1. Introduction

2. Angles of approach in this study

3. Origin points: multi-centredness on palatial Crete, MM II-LM IA

4. Connective relationships among groups on Aegean islands/peninsulas

5. Case studies

6. Crete-linked movement and the Aegean mainland

7. Envisaging encounters

8. Language, script, ethnicity, movement

9. Mainland state trajectories and movement: LH II/LM IB

10. Conclusions: movement and transformation in the MB-early LB Aegean

11. Crete-linked movement and the east Mediterranean: regional case studies

1. Introduction

2. Coastal Anatolia

3. Cyprus

4. Egypt and the southern Levant

12. Conclusions: Crete-linked movement in the Aegean and east Mediterranean, MB-LBI

13. The farthest shore: the central Mediterranean

 

Part 5

‘Aegean’ expansion: new dynamics, new boundaries in the later LBA

1. Introduction

2. ‘Aegeanisation’: a bloc forms

3. Movement and cultural realignment

4. LM IB destructions and their context

5. Conclusions on the Aegean ‘bloc’ and movement

6. Culture as currency: Aegean painted pottery and movement in the later LBA

7. Aegean movement and Cyprus

8. Making space: the Aegean bloc in wider eastern interactions

9. Looking west (and north): movement and inequality from a different perspective

10. General conclusions

Part 6

Myth and movement from c. 1200 BC

1. Introduction

2.Legacies of tradition: texts in Greek

3.Non-Greek texts: the ‘Sea Peoples’

4.’Crisis’ and new kinds of movement: archaeological evidence from the twelfth-century Aegean

5. Aegean ‘elites’ and movement

6. East Mediterranean consumption patterns from c. 1200 BC – the ‘Aegeanising’ pottery boom and its significance

7.Pottery and other cultural ‘diagnostics’ for Aegean movement to the east from c. 1200 BC – a review

1. New sites

2. Fortifications

3. Fineware innovations

4. Cookwares/cooking practice

5. Handmade ware

6. Pork consumption

7. Weaving technology

8. Figurative art

9. Tomb and other architecture

10. Summary on ‘type fossil’ evidence

11. ‘Philistines’: review of a classic migration model in the present data context

12. Conclusions: Aegean movement east, c. 1200-1000 BC

Part 7

Later Iron Age Aegean movement and ‘Greek colonisation’

1. Introduction: changes in Aegean-based travel 1200-1000 BC

2. Ethnic actors and Mediterranean growth from the tenth century on

3. ‘Colonisation’ in the eighth- to sixth-century central Mediterranean: introduction

4. Aegeans and others in central Mediterranean encounter contexts

5. Movement and changing local dynamics in Sicily/south Italy c. 800-600 BC

6. Non-Aegean movers from the east: their outlooks and reception environments in the later Iron Age west

7. ‘Greek’-framed polities in wider local context: landscapes beyond the polis in the seventh to sixth centuries BC

8. Living ‘Greekness’: social relationships in and outside ‘Greek’ polities in the central Mediterranean from c. 700 BC

9. Creative traditions and movement

11. Conclusions on Aegean-linked travel in the Iron Age-Archaic Mediterranean

 

Part 8

Conclusions: movement disassembled

1. Movement and history: finding patterns

2. Movement’s scale and impact: concepts and terminology

3. Imagining encounters

4. Travelling into the future: ongoing approaches to ancient movement

Index

 

About the Author

Saro Wallace held full-time lectureships at the Universities of Bristol, Cardiff, Reading and Warsaw (2004-10). Her career has also included a number of prestigious research fellowships, including those of the Leverhulme Trust, the Alexander S. Humboldt Foundation, the W.F.Albright Institute, and the Center for Hellenic Studies, Harvard University. She has been the recipient of numerous primary research grants including those of the British Academy, the Institute for Aegean Prehistory and the Society of Antiquaries. Since 2008 she has directed field research (survey and excavation) in the landscape around the Bronze to Iron Age site of Karfi, Crete. From 2017 she has been Senior Research Fellow in the School of Arts, Languages and Cultures, University of Manchester.

About the Series

Routledge Studies in Archaeology

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SOC003000
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Archaeology