Barbados is a small Caribbean island better known as a tourist destination rather than for its culture. The island was first claimed in 1627 for the English King and remained a British colony until independence was gained in 1966. This firmly entrenched British culture in the Barbadian way of life, although most of the population are descended from enslaved Africans taken to Barbados to work on the sugar plantations. After independence, an official desire to promulgate the country’s African heritage led to the revival and recontextualisation of cultural traditions. Barbadian tuk music, a type of fife and drum music, has been transformed in the post-independence period from a working class music associated with plantations and rum shops to a signifier of national culture, played at official functions and showcased to tourists. Based on ethnographic and archival research, Sharon Meredith considers the social, political and cultural developments in Barbados that led to the evolution, development and revival of tuk as well as cultural traditions associated with it. She places tuk in the context of other music in the country, and examines similar musics elsewhere that, whilst sharing some elements with tuk, have their own individual identities.
Table of Contents
Contents: Introduction; Setting the scene; Early Barbadian music and the development of Tuk; Playing Tuk; Historical and contemporary performance spaces; The Barbados landship; Tuk and modern Barbadian identity; Conclusion; Bibliography; Index.
Sharon Meredith is an ethnomusicologist with research interests in the Caribbean, including the revival and recontextualisation of traditional musics as popular culture in postcolonial contexts, particularly fife and drum type musics. She graduated with a PhD from the Centre for Caribbean Studies, University of Warwick, UK in 2003.