1st Edition

Tunisia and Egypt after the Arab Spring Party Politics in Transitions from Authoritarian Rule

By Valeria Resta Copyright 2024
    162 Pages 7 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This book examines the processes of transition from authoritarian rule in Tunisia and Egypt between 2011 and 2014, arguing that differences between the two countries can be explained by the conduct of their respective political parties.

    Drawing on a new conceptualization of political parties’ agency that considers their unique nature as intermediate and intermediary institutions, the book allows for the identification of those factors driving political parties’ choices in processes of transition. Moreover, thanks to the employment of quantitative text analysis on the electoral manifestos of the parties involved, this work presents new data for the study of party systems in Tunisia and Egypt. Presenting a new toolkit for analysis, Tunisia and Egypt after the Arab Spring ultimately reveals how differing legacies of authoritarian repression across the two countries can help explain why the Tunisian transition culminated with the 2014 democratic constitution, and the Egyptian transition with the 2013 military coup.

    Conceptually, the book will appeal to those working in comparative politics and those interested in processes of democratization and authoritarian resilience. Nonetheless, the focus on Tunisia and Egypt makes the book suitable reading for anyone interested in Arab politics and the MENA region generally.

    Introduction  1. Charting Different Transitions: Tunisia and Egypt Compared  2. Demand of Representation, Power Resources and Parties’ Agency: Political Parties in Transitions Processes  3. Homogeneous vs. Divided Societies? Analyzing the Demand of Representation  4. Unfair Patterns of Competition and Transitional Parties' Power Resources  5. Authoritarian Learning and Transitional Party Systems’ Politicking  6. Conclusions


    Valeria Resta is Adjunct Professor at the Catholic University of Milan. Her research focuses on the dynamics of authoritarianism and democratization in the Middle East and North Africa. She recently co-edited the Routledge Handbook on Elections in the Middle East and North Africa.

    "Valeria Resta's book is compulsory reading for scholars, students and professionals interested in Arab politics and comparative politics in general. Not only does this book stand out for providing a lucid analysis of the role of political parties in the success of the democratic transition in Tunisia and its failure in Egypt, but also for helping us understand the consolidation of al-Sisi's authoritarian regime after the 2013 military coup and Kaïs Saied’s authoritarian turn that has put an end to the only successful democratic experience in the region after the Arab Uprisings."

    Inmaculada Szmolka, Professor of Comparative Politics at the University of Granada, Spain