Enlargement to Turkey is arguably the greatest challenge facing the European Union today. After the narrowly averted "train crash" over Cyprus in 2006, the second election victory of the Justice and Development Party in July 2007 opened new prospects for Turkish-EU relations. But in an EU emphasising a collective identity based on shared civilisational values, Turkey’s European credentials have been increasingly called into question. Amending national identity through political change has become the key to the success or failure of the Turkish integration project. This volume examines the EU role in strengthening the domestic pro-reform coalition within Turkey, the paradox - and potential limits - of Turkey’s europeanising Islamists, and the impact of Europeanisation through conditionality, including a case study of Turkish policy towards the Cyprus Question. Also addressed are the Western stereotypes of Turkish identity influencing the country’s EU prospects, notably concerning the role of Islam in precipitating acts of political violence and its association with sexual and political violence in the discourse of European opponents of Turkish accession. Finally, the dynamics of EU accession negotiations are analysed and the potential role of a norm-driven rhetorical strategy in promoting Turkish accession as a moral and democratic imperative is discussed.
Table of Contents
1. National Identity and Political Change on Turkey’s Road to EU Membership Susannah Verney
2. Turkey in Transition: Opportunities Amidst Peril? Kostas Ifantis
3. Running Around in Circles? The Cyclical Relationship between Turkey and the European Union Luigi Narbonne and Nathalie Tocci
4. Muslim Democrats Versus Defensive Nationalists: Political Parties and Paradoxes of Europeanization in Turkey Ziya Önis
5. Europeanization Through EU Conditionality: Understanding the New Era in Turkish Foreign Policy Mustafa Aydin and Sinem Acikmese
6. The Europeanisation of Turkey and its Impact on the Cyprus Problem* Kivanc Ulusoy
7. Religiosity and Protest Behaviour: The Case of Turkey in Comparative Perspective Ersin Kalaycioglu
8. Turkish Identity on the Road to the EU: Basic Elements of French and German Oppositional Discourses Hakan Yilmaz
9. The Dynamics of EU Accession: Turkish Travails in Comparative Perspective Susannah Verney
Susannah Verney is Assistant Professor of European Integration, University of Athens and Editor, South European Society & Politics.
Kostas Ifantis is Associate Professor of International Relations at the University of Athens.