Turks, Tatars and Russians in the 13th–16th Centuries
The setting for the studies collected here is the West-Eurasian steppe region, extending from present-day Kazakhstan through southern Russia, Ukraine and Moldavia to the Carpathian Basin. The first articles deal with pre-Mongol, Turkic peoples of the region and their relations with the Byzantine Empire to the south, but the core of the volume is the history of the Golden Horde and its successor states, such as the Kazan and Crimean Khanates, whose Turco-Mongol overlords are often referred to as Tatars. These played a decisive role in the history of Western Central Asia and Eastern Europe in the 13th-16th centuries and had a fundamental influence on the rise of the Russian state. Particular articles look at Mongol institutions and terminology, others at the interaction of the medieval Tatar and Russian worlds.
Table of Contents
Contents: Preface; The role of the Turkic peoples in the ethnic history of Eastern Europe; Origins and possible Cuman affiliations of the Asen dynasty; Cuman warriors in the fight of Byzantium with the Latins; The Hungarians or Mozars and the MeÅ¡cers/Mizers of the Middle Volga region; The Golden Horde term daruga and its survival in Russia; The institution of foster-brothers (emildÃ¤Å¡ and kÃ¶kÃ¤ldÃ¤Å¡) in the Chingisid states; The origin of the institution of basqaqs; Susun and sÃ¼sÃ¼n in Middle Turkic texts; Notes on the term tartanaq in the Golden Horde; Bemerkungen zum uigurischen Schrifttum in der Goldenen Horde und bei den Timuriden; Mongolian impact on the terminology of the documents of the Golden Horde; Immunity charters of the Golden Horde granted to the Italian towns Caffa and Tana; Oriental languages of the Codex Cumanicus: Persian and Cuman as linguae francae in the Black Sea region (13th-14th centuries) A contract of the Crimean Khan MÃ¤ngli GirÃ¤y and the inhabitants of QÃ¯rq-Yer from 1478/79; Two Kazan Tatar edicts (Ibrahim's and Sahib Girey's yarliks) (with Shamil Muhamedyarov); Orthodox Christian Qumans and Tatars of the Crimea in the 13th-14th centuries; 'History and legend' in Berke Khan's conversion to Islam; Andrzej Taranowskis Bericht Ã¼ber seine Gesandschaftsreise in der Tartarei (1569) (with L. Tardy); Russian and Tatar genealogical sources on the origin of the Iusupov family; Clans of Tatar descent in the Muscovite elite of the 14th-16th centuries; Muscovite diplomacy with the states of the Orient; Index.
IstvÃ¡n VÃ¡sÃ¡ry is Professor of Turkic and Central Asian Studies in the Institute of Oriental Studies, LorÃ¡nd EÃ¶tvÃ¶s University, Budapest, Hungary.