302 pages | 52 B/W Illus.
The Topics Every Medical Physicist Should Know
Tutorials in Radiotherapy Physics: Advanced Topics with Problems and Solutions covers selected advanced topics that are not thoroughly discussed in any of the standard medical physics texts. The book brings together material from a large variety of sources, avoiding the need for you to search through and digest the vast research literature. The topics are mathematically developed from first principles using consistent notation.
Clear Derivations and In-Depth Explanations
The book offers insight into the physics of electron acceleration in linear accelerators and presents an introduction to the study of proton therapy. It then describes the predominant method of clinical photon dose computation: convolution and superposition dose calculation algorithms. It also discusses the Boltzmann transport equation, a potentially fast and accurate method of dose calculation that is an alternative to the Monte Carlo method. This discussion considers Fermi–Eyges theory, which is widely used for electron dose calculations. The book concludes with a step-by-step mathematical development of tumor control and normal tissue complication probability models. Each chapter includes problems with solutions given in the back of the book.
Prepares You to Explore Cutting-Edge Research
This guide provides you with the foundation to read review articles on the topics. It can be used for self-study, in graduate medical physics and physics residency programs, or in vendor training for linacs and treatment planning systems.
"The application of radiation physics to medicine is an expanding multidisciplinary field based on knowledge, tools and techniques derived from nuclear and particle physics. This book will therefore appeal not only to curious medical physicists and scientists active in the fi eld, but also to physicists in general who – as the author comments – ‘like understanding’."
—CERN Courier (Jan/Feb 2017)
The Physics of Electron Acceleration in Medical Linacs
Traveling Wave Accelerators I
Traveling Wave Accelerators II
Standing Wave Accelerators
Pulsed Operation and Waveforms
Frequency Stability and Fabrication of Waveguide Structures
Changing Beam Energy
Comparison between TW and SW Linacs
Proton Therapy Physics: Protons for Pedestrians
Interaction of Protons with Matter
Absorbed Dose and the Bragg Peak
A Few Words about Radiobiology
Circular Charged Particle Orbits and Stability
Proton Therapy Accelerators
Beam Transport and Gantries
Lateral and Axial Beam Spreading
Dose Calculation Algorithms
Convolution/Superposition Dose Computation Algorithms
Monoenergetic Beams, Homogeneous Medium
Polyenergetic Beams, Homogeneous Medium
Incident Energy Fluence, Beam Modeling, and Primary Photon Transport
Point Dose Kernels
Analytical Derivation of a Point Kernel for Singly Scattered Photons
Collapsed Cone Convolution
Calculation of Monitor Units
Dose Calculation Speed
Pinnacle Treatment Planning System
Deterministic Radiation Transport: A Rival to Monte Carlo Methods
Absorbed Dose, Kerma, and Fluence
Calculation of Dose from Fundamental Radiometric Quantities
Primary Radiation Consisting of Charged Particles
Indirectly Ionizing Radiation
Efficacy of BTE-Based Dose Calculations
Fermi–Eyges Theory and Electron Pencil Beam Dose Calculations
Tumor Control and Normal Tissue Complication Probability Models in Radiation Therapy
Some Elements of Probability Theory
Normal Tissue Complication Probability
Tumor Control Probability
Probability of Uncomplicated Control
Problems, Questions, Symbols, References, and Endnotes appear at the end of each chapter.