The ways in which people change and grow, and learn to become good, are not only about conscious decisions to behave well, but about internal change which allows a loving and compassionate response to others. Such change can take place in psychotherapy; this book explores whether similar processes can occur in a religious context.
Using the work of Julia Kristeva and other post-Kleinian psychoanalysts, change and resistance to change are examined in the lives of John Wesley, the founder of Methodism, and his brother Charles, the greatest English hymn-writer. Their mother’s description of them as young men as ‘two scrubby travellers’, was a prescient expression indicating their future pilgrimage, which they negotiated through many struggles and compromises; it points towards the ‘wounded healer’, a description which could be applied to John in later years. The use of psychoanalytic thought in this study allows the exploration of unconscious as well as conscious processes at work and interesting differences emerge, which shed light on the elements in religion that promote or inhibit change, and the influence of personality factors.
‘Two scrubby travellers’: A psychoanalytic view of flourishing and constraint in religion through the lives of John and Charles Wesley enriches our understanding of these two important historical figures. It questions the categorising of forms of religion as conducive to change and so ‘mature’, and other forms as ‘immature’, at a time when many, particularly young people, are attracted by fundamentalist, evangelical forms of belief. This book will be essential reading for researchers working at the intersection of psychoanalysis and religious studies; it will also be of interest to psychotherapists and psychoanalysts more generally, and to researchers in the philosophy of religion.
Table of Contents
Introduction. Why Kristeva? The Search for Goodness. An ‘emotionally available object’. The search for ‘deep truth’ through symbolisation. Resonances: Psychic space in a religious context. Evangelical nature: The Wesleys’ historical and religious context. John Wesley. Charles Wesley. Theological differences. Conclusion.
Pauline Watson graduated in medicine from Glasgow University, UK, and holds a PhD in theology from Durham University, UK. She worked as a General Practitioner before training in psychiatry. As a consultant psychiatrist and psychotherapist, she set up a local psychiatric service in Consett, Co. Durham. She has also worked as a psychotherapist with asylum seekers.
This is a beautiful book which convincingly weaves the lives and religious development of the Wesley brothers and their mother with relevant psychoanalytic concepts. This examined life illuminates their human struggles and seeks to offer a narrative in which religious experience and the use of psychoanalytic thinking and theory can be used both to avoid internal experience but also to transcend it. The tracking of their human struggles and the travails of their souls is put in the context of psychoanalytic theory and religious understanding. It offers hope of resolution and salvation. --Jan McGregor Hepburn, Psychoanalytic Psychotherapist, Registrar of the British Psychoanalytic Council
Genuinely inter-disciplinary books are much to be appreciated especially when they throw fresh light on people of major significance. Dr Pauline Watson’s very considerable achievement is to have drawn on her professional experience of understanding how human beings become what they are to illuminate the different characters of John and Charles Wesley. In her sympathetic portraits, both come alive anew for all those of us who in different ways are heirs of their many gifts and graces. --Professor Ann Loades, CBE, Professor Emerita of Divinity, University of Durham, and Honorary Professor, University of St Andrews