Uncertainty, Information Management, and Disclosure Decisions : Theories and Applications book cover
1st Edition

Uncertainty, Information Management, and Disclosure Decisions
Theories and Applications

ISBN 9780415965163
Published July 27, 2009 by Routledge
448 Pages

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Book Description

This volume integrates scholarly work on disclosure and uncertainty with the most up-to-date, cutting edge research, theories, and applications. Uncertainty is an ever-present part of human relationships, and the ways in which people reduce and/or manage uncertainty involves regulating their communication with others through revealing and concealing information. This collection is devoted to collating knowledge in these areas, advancing theory and presenting work that is socially meaningful.

This work includes contributions from renowned scholars in interpersonal uncertainty and information regulation, focusing on processes that bridge boundaries within and across disciplines, while maintaining emphasis on interpersonal contexts. Disciplines represented here include interpersonal, family, and health communication, as well as relational and social psychology. Key features of the volume include:

  • comprehensive coverage integrating the latest research on disclosure, information seeking, and uncertainty
  • a highly theoretical content, socially meaningful in nature (applied to real-world contexts)
  • an interdisciplinary approach that crosses sub-fields within communication.

This volume is a unique and timely resource for advanced study in interpersonal, health, or family communication. With its emphasis on theory, the book is an excellent resource for graduate courses addressing theory and/or theory construction, and it will also appeal to scholars interested in applied research.

Table of Contents

Introduction: Tammy & Walid Afifi, UC Santa Barbara


Conceptualizations of Uncertainty and Information Management

Chapter 1: Generally Unseen Challenges in Uncertainty Management: An Application of Problematic Integration Theory

Austin S. Babrow, Ohio University

Marianne S. Matthias, Butler University

Chapter 2: Reclaiming Uncertainty: The Formation of New Meanings

Leslie A. Baxter, University of Iowa

Dawn O. Braithwaite, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Chapter 3: The Theory of Communication and Uncertainty Management: Implications from the Wider Realm of Information Behavior

Timothy P. Hogan, Edward Hines, Jr. VA Hospital, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs

Dale E. Brashers, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Chapter 4: Information Seeking and Interpersonal Outcomes Using the Internet

Artemio Ramirez, Jr., Arizona State University

Joseph B. Walther, Michigan State University

Factors Impacting the Association Between Uncertainty and Information Management

Chapter 5: Expanding the Role of Emotion in the Theory of Motivated Information Management

Walid A. Afifi, University of California-Santa Barbara

Chris R. Morse, Bryant University

Chapter 6: Relational Uncertainty: Theory and Application

Leanne K. Knobloch, University of Illinois

Kristen L. Satterlee, University of Illinois

Chapter 7: Motivated Cognition in Its Interpersonal Context: Need for Closure and Its Implications for Information Regulation and Social Interaction

Mark Dechesne, The National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START), University of Maryland, College Park

Arie W. Kruglanski, University of Maryland, College Park

The Nature of Information Seeking in Specific Contexts

Chapter 8: Use of the Risk Perception Attitude (RPA) Framework for Understanding Health Information Seeking: The Role of Anxiety, Risk Perception, and Efficacy Beliefs

Rajiv N. Rimal, Johns Hopkins University

Monique Mitchell Turner, University of Maryland

Chapter 9: Managing Uncertainty in Work Interactions

Michael W. Kramer, University of Missouri

Chapter 10: Information Regulation in Work-Life: Applying the Comprehensive Model of Information Seeking to Organizational Networks

J. David Johnson, University of Kentucky


Chapter 11: Couples, Communication, and Uncertainty in the Face of Chronic Illness

Daena J. Goldsmith, Lewis and Clark College

Chapter 12: An Integrated Model of Health Disclosure Decision-Making

Kathryn Greene, Rutgers University

Chapter 13: Information Uncertainty and Sexual Disclosures in the Era of HIV/AIDS

Serena C. Lo, George Washington University

María Cecilia Zea, George Washington University

Paul J. Poppen, George Washington University

Predictors and Consequences of Withholding Information

Chapter 14: Why People Conceal or Reveal Secrets: A Multiple Goals Theory Perspective

John P. Caughlin, University of Illinois

Anita Vangelisti, University of Texas-Austin

Chapter 15: Secrecy in Close Relationships: Investigating Its Intrapersonal and Interpersonal Effects

Catrin Finkenauer, VU University Amsterdam

Kaska E. Kubacka, VU University Amsterdam

Rutger C. M. E. Engels, Radboud University Nijmegen

Peter Kerkhof, VU University Amsterdam

Chapter 16: Conflict avoidance: A functional analysis

Michael Roloff, Northwestern University

Courtney Wright, University of Tennessee

Chapter 17: The Standards for Openness Hypothesis: A Gendered Explanation for Why Avoidance is so Dissatisfying

Tamara D. Afifi, University of California-Santa Barbara

Andrea Joseph, University of California-Santa Barbara

Challenges to Disclosure

Chapter 18: Regulating the Privacy of Confidentiality: Grasping the Complexities through Communication Privacy Management Theory

Sandra Petronio, IU Center for Bioethics, Indiana School of Medicine,

Jennifer Reierson, North Dakota State University

Chapter 19: Why Disclosing to a Confidant Can Be So Good (or Bad) for Us

Anita Kelly, University of Notre Dame

Diane Macready, University of Notre Dame

Chapter 20: The Divorce Disclosure Model (DDM): Why Parents Disclose Negative Information about the Divorce to their Children and its Effects

Tamara D. Afifi, University of California, Santa Barbara

Paul Schrodt, Texas Christian University

Tara McManus, University of Nevada, Las Vegas

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Tamara D. Afifi (Ph.D., University of Nebraska-Lincoln) is an Associate Professor in the Department of Communication at the University of California, Santa Barbara. She has published over fifty articles and chapters in numerous national and international outlets, and she was the recipient of the Young Scholar Award from the International Communication Association in 2006.

Walid A. Afifi (Ph.D., University of Arizona) is an Associate Professor in the Department of Communication at the University of California, Santa Barbara. He is an author of more than 50 articles and chapters, has served as Associate Editor for both the Journal of Social and Personal Relationships and Personal Relationships, and has been active as a member of several editorial boards.