Originally published in 1985, the various chapters in this volume give examples of research on all three aspects of text understanding – namely, structure, world knowledge and process. More than this, however, the research described represents a shift in emphasis from studying stories, which dominated the field in the late 1970s, to studying expository text. This focus on stories was probably due to the essential first step in any science of examining the simplest materials possible. However, the editors thought that it was time to shift the research focus from stories to expository text and this volume is their attempt to provide this transition.
Table of Contents
Part 1: Theories of Text Analysis 1. Understanding Expository Text: From Structure to Process and World Knowledge Bruce K. Britton and John B. Black 2. Prose Analysis: Purposes, Procedures, and Problems Bonnie J.F. Meyer 3. Structural Analysis of Science Prose: Can We Increase Problem-Solving Performance? Richard E. Mayer 4. Thematic Processes in the Comprehension of Technical Prose David E. Kieras 5. Implicit Knowledge, Question Answering, and the Representation of Expository Text Arthur C. Graesser and Sharon M. Goodman 6. Knowledge and the Processing of Narrative and Expository Texts James F. Voss and Gay L. Bisanz 7. A Knowledge-Based Model of Prose Comprehension: Applications to Expository Texts James R. Miller 8. Cognitive Demands of Processing Expository Text: A Cognitive Workbench Model Bruce K. Britton, Shawn M. Glynn and Jeffrey W. Smith 9. An Exposition on Understanding Expository Text John B. Black Part 2: A Research Handbook for Text and World Knowledge Analysis 10. Prose Analysis: Purposes, Procedures, and Problems (Part II) Bonnie J.F. Meyer 11. How to Analyze Science Prose Richard E. Mayer 12. A Guide to Propositional Analysis for Research on Technical Prose Susan Bovair and David E. Kieras 13. How to Construct Conceptual Graph Structures Arthur C. Graesser and Sharon M. Goodman 14. Knowledge and the Processing of Narrative and Expository Text: Some Methodological Issues James F. Voss and Gay L. Bisanz 15. A Knowledge-Based Model of Prose Comprehension: An Annotated Trace James R. Miller. Author Index. Subject Index.