Understanding Research Methods: An Overview of the Essentials, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Understanding Research Methods

An Overview of the Essentials, 1st Edition

By Mildred L. Patten


136 pages

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Paperback: 9781884585029
pub: 1996-11-01
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• Designed for students who are getting lost in the details of research methods and not getting the big picture, this short book provides an overview of the essential concepts traditionally covered in a research methods class.

•Lively examples on contemporary topics stimulate students’ interest and show the relevance of research methods to their everyday lives.

•Divided into short sections, this book makes it easy for you to give customized assignments. Assign only the sections your students need.

•Shows students how to interpret statistics without computations.

•Factual Questions at the end of each section allow students to check their comprehension.

•Questions for Discussion stimulate classroom dialogue.

Table of Contents

Part A Introduction to Research Methods

1. Introduction to Empirical Research

2. Experimental versus Nonexperimental Studies

3. Experimental versus Causal-Comparative Studies

4. Types of Nonexperimental Research

5. Variables in Nonexperimental Studies

6. Variables in Experimental Studies

7. Research Hypotheses, Purposes, and Questions

8. Operational Definitions of Variables

9. Quantitative versus Qualitative Research: I

10. Quantitative versus Qualitative Research: II

11. Program Evaluation

12. Ethical Considerations in Research

13. The Role of Theory in Research

Part B Reviewing Literature

14. Reasons for Reviewing Literature

15. Locating Literature Electronically

16. Organizing a Literature Review

17. Preparing to Write a Critical Review

18. Creating a Synthesis

Part C In-Text Citations and Reference Lists

19. Introduction to Style Guides

20. In-Text Citations: ASA Style

21. Reference Lists: ASA Style

22. In-Text Citations: APA Style

23. Reference Lists: APA Style

Part D Sampling

24. Biased and Unbiased Sampling

25. Simple Random and Systematic Sampling

26. Stratified Random Sampling

27. Other Methods of Sampling

28. Sampling and Demographics

29. Introduction to Sample Size

30. A Closer Look at Sample Size

Part E Measurement

31. Introduction to Validity

32. Judgmental Validity

33. Empirical Validity

34. Judgmental-Empirical Validity

35. Reliability and Its Relationship to Validity

36. Measures of Reliability

37. Internal Consistency and Reliability

38. Norm- and Criterion-Referenced Tests

39. Measures of Optimum Performance

40. Measures of Typical Performance

Part F Experimental Design

41. True Experimental Designs

42. Threats to Internal Validity

43. Threats to External Validity

44. Preexperimental Designs

45. Quasi-Experimental Designs

46. Confounding in Experiments

Part G Understanding Statistics

47. Descriptive and Inferential Statistics

48. Introduction to the Null Hypothesis

49. Scales of Measurement

50. Descriptions of Nominal Data

51. Introduction to the Chi-Square Test

52. A Closer Look at the Chi-Square Test

53. Shapes of Distributions

54. The Mean, Median, and Mode

55. The Mean and Standard Deviation

56. The Median and Interquartile Range

57. The Pearson Correlation Coefficient

58. The t Test

59. One-Way Analysis of Variance

60. Two-Way Analysis of Variance

61. Practical Significance of Results

Part H Effect Size and Meta-Analysis

62. Introduction to Effect Size (d)

63. Interpretation of Effect Size (d)

64. Effect Size and Correlation (r)

65. Introduction to Meta-Analysis

66. Meta-Analysis and Effect Size

67. Meta-Analysis: Strengths and Weaknesses

Part I Qualitative Research

68. Sampling in Qualitative Research: I

69. Sampling in Qualitative Research: II

70. Measurement in Qualitative Research: I

71. Measurement in Qualitative Research: II

72. Quality Control in Qualitative Research

73. Grounded Theory for Data Analysis

74. Consensual Qualitative Research: Analysis

Part J Preparing Research Reports

75. The Structure of a Research Report

76. Writing Abstracts

77. Introduction and Literature Review

78. Describing Participants

79. Describing Measures

80. Reporting Research Results

81. Writing the Discussion

82. Preparing Theses and Dissertations


A. Electronic Databases for Locating Literature

B. Electronic Sources of Statistical Information

C. Excerpts from Literature Reviews

D. A Closer Look at the Standard Deviation

E. A Closer Look at Effect Size

F. Outline of Question Route for a Focus Group Study

G. Sample Abstracts of Research Reports

H. Sample Description of Qualitative Data Analysis

I. A Closer Look at Abbreviated Page Numbers in ASA Style


1. Table of Random Numbers

2. Table of Recommended Sample Sizes


Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
PSYCHOLOGY / Research & Methodology