Women entrepreneurs are indeed a formidable force of economic growth and social change, though we still often question the "how" and "why." For the readers who seek to understand the spectrum of gender influences in the context of entrepreneurship, Understanding Women’s Entrepreneurship in a Gendered Context: Influences and Restraints widens the contextual focus of women’s entrepreneurship and entrepreneurship research by providing powerful insights into the influences and restraints within a diverse set of gendered contexts including social, political, institutional, religious, patriarchal, cultural, family and economic, in which female entrepreneurs around the world operate their businesses. From recognition of a seventh-century businesswoman in Mecca to the construction of a gendered scientific Business Model Canvas, this collection of studies will inspire readers to think differently about theory, patriarchy, trade systems, adoption or transformation and strategies to create inclusive entrepreneurial ecosystems. In doing so, the contributing authors demonstrate not only the importance of studying the contexts in which women’s entrepreneurial activities are shaped, but also how female entrepreneurs, through their endeavours, modify these contexts.
This book will be of great value to scholars, students and researchers interested in women’s entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial ecosystems, gender hierarchy and the transition to gender equality. It was originally published as a special issue of Entrepreneurship & Regional Development.
Table of Contents
1. The contextual embeddedness of women’s entrepreneurship: towards a more informed research agenda
Shumaila Yousafzai, Alain Fayolle, Saadat Saeed, Colette Henry and Adam Lindgreen
2. Gendered cognitions: a socio-cognitive model of how gender affects entrepreneurial preferences
Alice M. Wieland, Markus Kemmelmeier, Vishal K. Gupta and William McKelvey
3. Defying contextual embeddedness: evidence from displaced women entrepreneurs in Jordan
Haya Al-Dajani, Hammad Akbar, Sara Carter and Eleanor Shaw
4. Women in the migrant economy. A positional approach to contextualize gendered transnational trajectories
María Villares-Varela and Caroline Essers
5. Contextualizing the career success of Arab women entrepreneurs
Hayfaa A. Tlaiss
6. Life-course and entry to entrepreneurship:embedded in gender and gender-egalitarianism
Maryam Cheraghi, Kent Adsbøll Wickstrøm and Kim Klyver
7. Negotiating business and family demands within a patriarchal society – the case of women entrepreneurs in the Nepalese context
Mirela Xheneti, Shova Thapa Karki and Adrian Madden
8. Embeddedness in context: understanding gender in a female entrepreneurship network
9. Women’s experiences of legitimacy, satisfaction and commitment as entrepreneurs: embedded in gender hierarchy and networks in private and business spheres
Ye Liu, Thomas Schøtt and Chuqing Zhang
10. Token entrepreneurs: a review of gender, capital, and context in technology entrepreneurship
Mandy Wheadon and Nathalie Duval-Couetil
Shumaila Yousafzai is Associate Professor at Cardiff University, UK. Her research focuses on the contextual embeddedness of entrepreneurship, institutional theory and entrepreneurial orientation. She has published in various international journals and has co-edited a special issue on women’s entrepreneurship for Entrepreneurship & Regional Development.
Alain Fayolle is Professor of Entrepreneurship and Founder and Director of the Entrepreneurship Research Centre at EM Lyon Business School, France. Alain has published 35 books and over 150 articles. In 2013, he received the European Entrepreneurship Education Award and in 2015, he was elected Wilford L. White Fellow by ICSB (International Council for Small Businesses). He was elected Chair of the AOM (Academy of Management) Entrepreneurship Division for the academic year 2016–2017.
Saadat Saeed is Associate Professor in Entrepreneurship at the Durham University Business School, UK. His past research efforts have included the global study of supportive institutions and women’s entrepreneurship, entrepreneurship in adverse conditions, corporate entrepreneurship and firm performance in multi-country contexts.
Colette Henry, FRSA, is Head of School of Business & Humanities at Dundalk Institute of Technology, Ireland, and Adjunct Professor of Entrepreneurship at UiT–The Arctic University of Norway. Colette holds the Diana International Trailblazer award for Female Entrepreneurship and the Sten K Johnson European Entrepreneurship Education Award.
Adam Lindgreen is Professor of Marketing and Head of Department of Marketing at Copenhagen Business School, Denmark, and he is Extraordinary Professor with Gordon Institute of Business Science, University of Pretoria, South Africa. He has published in California Management Review, Journal of Business Ethics, Journal of Product and Innovation Management, Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, Journal of World Business and Organization Studies, amongst others.