1st Edition

Unhealthy Work Causes, Consequences, Cures

    364 Pages
    by Routledge

    380 Pages
    by Routledge

    Work, so fundamental to well-being, has its darker and more costly side. Work can adversely affect our health, well beyond the usual counts of injuries that we think of as 'occupational health'. The ways in which work is organized - its pace and intensity, degree of control over the work process, sense of justice, and employment security, among other things - can be as toxic to the health of workers as the chemicals in the air. These work characteristics can be detrimental not only to mental well-being but to physical health. Scientists refer to these features of work as 'hazards' of the 'psychosocial' work environment. One key pathway from the work environment to illness is through the mechanism of stress; thus we speak of 'stressors' in the work environment, or 'work stress'. This is in contrast to the popular psychological understandings of 'stress', which locate many of the problems with the individual rather than the environment. In this book we advance a social environmental understanding of the workplace and health. The book addresses this topic in three parts: the important changes taking place in the world of work in the context of the global economy (Part I); scientific findings on the effects of particular forms of work organization and work stressors on employees' health, 'unhealthy work' as a major public health problem, and estimates of costs to employers and society (Part II); and, case studies and various approaches to improve working conditions, prevent disease, and improve health (Part III).

    Acknowledgments

    Introduction—Chapter 1

     Beyond the Individual: Connecting Work Environment and Health
    Deborah R. Gordon and Peter L. Schnall

    PART I: THE CHANGING NATURE OF WORK

     CHAPTER 2 Economic Globalization and Its Effects on Labor
    Chrisy Moutsatsos

     CHAPTER 3 The Growing Imbalance: Class, Work, and Health in an Era of Increasing Inequality
    Jeffrey V. Johnson

     CHAPTER 4 The Changing Nature of Work in Canada and Other Developed Countries: What Do the Trends Over Time Tell Us?
    Peter Smith and John Frank

     CHAPTER 5 The Changing Nature of Work in the United States
    Edward Yelin

    PART II: THE HEALTH AND ECONOMIC COSTS OF "UNHEALTHY" WORK

     CHAPTER 6 The Workplace and Cardiovascular Disease
    Paul A. Landsbergis, Peter L. Schnall, and Marnie Dobson

     CHAPTER 7 From Stress to Distress: The Impact of Work on Mental Health
    Marnie Dobson and Peter L. Schnall

     CHAPTER 8 Work, Ethnicity, and Health in California
    Haiou Yang

     CHAPTER 9 Work, Psychosocial Stressors, and the Bottom Line
    Maritza Jauregui and Peter L. Schnall

    PART III: INTERVENTIONS

     CHAPTER 10 Stakeholder Perspectives on Work and Stress: Seeking Common Ground
    Deborah R. Gordon, Maritza Jauregui, and Peter L. Schnall

     CHAPTER 11 Interventions to Reduce Job Stress and Improve Work Organization and Worker Health
    Paul A. Landsbergis

     CHAPTER 12 Using Participatory Action Research Methodology to Improve Worker Health
    Ellen Rosskam

     CHAPTER 13 The MUNI Health and Safety Project: A 26-Year Union-Management Research Collaboration
    Ray Antonio, June Fisher, and Ellen Rosskam

     CHAPTER 14 Organizing and Collaborating to Reduce Hotel Workers' Injuries
    Mike Casey and Ellen Rosskam

     CHAPTER 15 The Maintenance Cooperation Trust Fund: Combating Worker Exploitation and Unfair Competition through Collective Action with Responsible Employers
    Lilia García

     CHAPTER 16 Occupational and Environmental Medicine in the Twenty-First Century
    Dean Baker, Marnie Dobson, and Peter L. Schnall

     CHAPTER 17 Emotional Labor and the Pursuit of Happiness
    Stephen Lloyd Smith

     CHAPTER 18 Measuring the Protection of Workers' Health: A National Work Security Index
    Ellen Rosskam

    CONCLUSION

     CHAPTER 19 Curing Unhealthy Work
    Peter L. Schnall, Marnie Dobson, Ellen Rosskam, and Paul Landsbergis


    Index 

    Biography

    Schnall, Peter; Dobson, Marnie; Rosskam, Ellen; Elling, Ray