Unifying Physics of Accelerators, Lasers and Plasma: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Unifying Physics of Accelerators, Lasers and Plasma

1st Edition

By Andrei Seryi

CRC Press

288 pages | 267 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2015-07-29
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Description

Unifying Physics of Accelerators, Lasers and Plasma introduces the physics of accelerators, lasers and plasma in tandem with the industrial methodology of inventiveness, a technique that teaches that similar problems and solutions appear again and again in seemingly dissimilar disciplines. This unique approach builds bridges and enhances connections between the three aforementioned areas of physics that are essential for developing the next generation of accelerators.

Boasting more than 200 illustrations, this highly visual text:

  • Employs TRIZ to amalgamate and link different areas of science
  • Avoids heavy mathematics, using back-of-the-envelope calculations to convey key principles
  • Includes end-of-chapter exercises focusing on physics and on applications of the inventiveness method

Solutions manual available with qualifying course adoption

Unifying Physics of Accelerators, Lasers and Plasma outlinesa path from idea to practical implementation of scientific and technological innovation.The book is suitable for students at the senior undergraduate and graduate levels, as well as for senior scientists interested in enhancing their abilities to work successfully on the development of the next generation of facilities, devices and scientific instruments manufactured from the synergy of accelerators, lasers and plasma.

Reviews

"…Unifying Physics of Accelerators, Lasers and Plasma is a must-have for every student and practitioner of accelerator science. It is a quick reference guide and provides solid, intuitive discussions of what are often quite erudite concepts. I enthusiastically applaud this outstanding book."

—Sekazi Mtingwa in Physics Today, August 2016

"This book is, to my knowledge, the first to bridge the three disciplines of accelerators, lasers and plasmas. It fills a gap in the market and helps in developing a better understanding of the concepts used in the quest to build compact accelerators. It is an inspiring read that is suitable for both undergraduate and graduate students, as well as researchers in the field of plasma accelerators."

—Robert Bingham, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, CERN Courier, May 2016

"With Unifying Physics of Accelerators, Lasers and Plasma, Andrei Seryi has written a fascinating account. … The book makes a bold and visionary pledge, which it claims could, if successful, transform science and our daily lives. Finally, the author’s intention not only to unify accelerator, laser and plasma physics but also to accelerate the creation of novelty in science shows inspiring ways ahead. … Andrei Seryi has written an important, insightful and visionary book. … With his impressive wealth and breadth of knowledge, his mastery of the underlying quantitative formulation and an outstanding ability to connect not only dots but entire domains, there is a lot one can learn from this book and quite likely also from the author himself."

The TRIZ Journal, March 2016

"A must-read book for college seniors and graduate students interested in cutting-edge topics in accelerator and beam physics. This field has become truly multidisciplinary where lasers and plasmas are featuring very prominently in new ideas for particle acceleration, focusing, and new light sources. Professor Seryi has covered the essential fundamentals of accelerators, lasers, and plasmas to prepare students for their research careers in modern science of particle accelerators."

—Professor Chandrashekhar Joshi, University of California, Los Angeles

"A wonderful source of inspiration for experts and novices alike, Andrei Seryi’s book takes the reader on a fascinating journey from the beginning of accelerator science to today’s most active research frontiers. Beside many other exciting topics, in this concise and enjoyable work, Seryi reviews the key elements of classical accelerators, beam optics, radiofrequency acceleration and technology, synchrotron radiation, beam instabilities, x-ray free-electron lasers, plasma acceleration, cancer therapy, advanced beam manipulation methods, and concepts of high-energy colliders, while frequently taking glimpses into the future. In this gem, Seryi, for the first time, discusses the three areas of accelerators, lasers, and plasmas from a unified perspective. … The tantalizing reading experience is enhanced by many original and ingenious illustrations. …"

—Frank Zimmermann, Senior Scientist, Beams Department, European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), and Editor of Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams (PRST-AB)

"This is a fun book to read, as well as educational. It is a textbook for a cross-disciplinary course, but it is also perfectly suitable for self-study. Its contents are quite unique and of interest for students preparing for research in a very promising and growing direction. … Instead of detailed technical mathematics and derivations, this book emphasizes the underlying physics that advances concepts, supplemented by a large number of vivid illustrations. … It encourages and challenges readers to look for their own inventions. … The author also offers his answer to the theory of inventive problem solving (TRIZ) exercise while challenging readers to do the same on their own. This is a very future-oriented book. For readers, be inspired, be challenged, and happy inventing!"

—Alex Chao, Professor, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University, California, USA

Table of Contents

Foreword

Preface

Author

Basics of Accelerators and of the Art of Inventiveness

Accelerators and society

Acceleration of what and how

Uses, actions and the evolution of accelerators

Livingston plot and competition of technologies

Accelerators and inventions

How to invent

How to invent — evolution of the methods

TRIZ method

TRIZ in action — examples

TRIZ method for science

AS-TRIZ

Creativity

Transverse Dynamics

Maxwell equations and units

Simplest accelerator

Equations of motion

Motion of charged particles in EM fields

Drift in crossedxfields

Motion in quadrupole fields

Linear betatron equations of motion

Matrix formalism

Pseudo-harmonic oscillations

Principal trajectories

Examples of transfer matrices

Matrix formalism for transfer lines

Analogy with geometric optics

An example of a FODO lattice

Twiss functions and matrix formalism

Stability of betatron motion

Stability of a FODO lattice

Propagation of optics functions

Phase space

Phase space ellipse and Courant–Snyder invariant

Dispersion and tunes

Dispersion

Betatron tunes and resonances

Aberrations and coupling

Chromaticity

Coupling

Higher orders

Synchrotron Radiation

SR on the back of an envelope

SR power loss

Cooling time

Cooling time and partition

SR photon energy

SR — number of photons

SR effects on the beam

SR-induced energy spread

SR-induced emittance growth

Equilibrium emittance

SR features

Emittance of single radiated photon

SR spectrum

Brightness or brilliance

Ultimate brightness

Wiggler and undulator radiation

SR quantum regime

Synergies between Accelerators, Lasers and Plasma

Create

Beam sources

Lasers

Plasma generation

Energize

Beam acceleration

Laser amplifiers

Laser repetition rate and efficiency

Fiber lasers and slab lasers

CPA — chirped pulse amplification

OPCPA — optical parametric CPA

Plasma oscillations

Critical density and surface

Manipulate

Beam and laser focusing

Weak and strong focusing

Aberrations for light and beam

Compression of beam and laser pulses

Beam cooling

Optical stochastic cooling

Interact

Conventional Acceleration

Historical introduction

Electrostatic accelerators

Synchrotrons and linacs

Wideröe linear accelerator

Alvarez drift tube linac

Phase focusing

Synchrotron oscillations

Waveguides

Waves in free space

Conducting surfaces

Group velocity

Dispersion diagram for a waveguide

Iris-loaded structures

Cavities

Waves in resonant cavities

Pill-box cavity

Quality factor of a resonator

Shunt impedance — Rs

Energy gain and transit-time factor

Kilpatrick limit

Power sources

IOT — inductive output tubes

Klystron

Magnetron

Powering the accelerating structure

Longitudinal dynamics

Acceleration in RF structures

Longitudinal dynamics in a travelling wave

Longitudinal dynamics in a synchrotron

RF potential — nonlinearity and adiabaticity

Synchrotron tune and betatron tune

Accelerator technologies and applications

Plasma Acceleration

Motivations

Maximum field in plasma

Early steps of plasma acceleration

Laser intensity and ionization

Laser pulse intensity

Atomic intensity

Progress in laser peak intensity

Types of ionization

Barrier suppression ionization

Normalized vector potential

Laser contrast ratio

Schwinger intensity limit

The concept of laser acceleration

Ponderomotive force

Laser plasma acceleration in nonlinear regime

Wave breaking

Importance of laser guidance

Betatron radiation sources

Transverse fields in the bubble

Estimations of betatron radiation parameters

Glimpse into the future

Laser plasma acceleration — rapid progress

Compact radiation sources

Evolution of computers and light sources

Plasma acceleration aiming at TeV

Multi-stage laser plasma acceleration

Beam-driven plasma acceleration

Laser-plasma and protons

Light Sources

SR properties and history

Electromagnetic spectrum

Brief history of synchrotron radiation

Evolution and parameters of SR sources

Generations of synchrotron radiation sources

Basic SR properties and parameters of SR sources

SR source layouts and experiments

Layout of a synchrotron radiation source

Experiments using SR

Compton and Thomson scattering of photons

Thomson scattering

Compton scattering

Compton scattering approximation

Compton scattering characteristics

Compton light sources

Free Electron Lasers

FEL history

SR from bends, wigglers and undulators

Radiation from sequence of bends

SR spectra from wiggler and undulator

Motion and radiation in sine-like field

Basics of FEL operation

Average longitudinal velocity in an undulator

Particle and field energy exchange

Resonance condition

Microbunching conceptually

FEL types

Multi-pass FEL

Single-pass FEL

Microbunching and gain

Details of microbunching

FEL low-gain curve

High-gain FELs

FEL designs and properties

FEL beam emittance requirements

FEL and laser comparison

FEL radiation properties

Typical FEL design and accelerator challenges

Beyond the fourth-generation light sources

Proton and Ion Laser Plasma Acceleration

Bragg peak

DNA response to radiation

Conventional proton therapy facilities

Beam generation and handling at proton facilities

Beam injectors in proton facilities

Plasma acceleration of protons and ions — motivation

Regimes of proton laser plasma acceleration

Sheath acceleration regime

Hole-boring radiation pressure acceleration regime

Light-sail radiation pressure acceleration regime

Emerging mechanisms of acceleration

Glimpse into the future

Advanced Beam Manipulation, Cooling, Damping and Stability

Short and narrow-band

Bunch compression

CSR — coherent synchrotron radiation

CSR effects on the beam longitudinal phase space

Short laser pulse and Q-switching techniques

Q-switching methods

Regenerative amplifiers

Mode locking

Self-seeded FEL

Laser–beam interaction

Beam laser heating

Beam laser slicing

Beam laser harmonic generation

Stability of beams

Stability of relativistic beams

Beam–beam effects

Beam break-up and BNS damping

Landau damping

Stability and spectral approach

Beam or pulse addition

Optical cavities

Accumulation of charged particle bunches

Coherent addition of laser pulses

Resonant plasma excitation

Cooling and phase transfer

Beam cooling methods

Electron cooling, electron lens and Gabor lens

Laser cooling

Local correction

Final focus local corrections

Interaction region corrections

Travelling focus

Crabbed collisions

Round-to-flat beam transfer

Inventions and Innovations in Science

Accelerating Science TRIZ

Trends and principles

TRIZ laws of technical system evolution

From radar to high-power lasers

Modern laws of system evolution

Engineering, TRIZ and science

Weak, strong and cool

Higgs, superconductivity and TRIZ

Garin, matreshka and Nobel

Aiming for Pasteur quadrant

How to cross the Valley of Death

How to learn TRIZ in science

Let us be challenged

Final Words

Bibliography

Index

About the Author

Andrei Seryi is currently director of the John Adams Institute for Accelerator Science and professor at the University of Oxford. He graduated from Novosibirsk State University in 1986 and received his Ph.D from the Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics in 1994. Until 2010, he worked at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, operated by Stanford University for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science, where he led the design and first stages of implementation of the Facility for Advanced Accelerator Experimental Tests project and the beam delivery efforts for the linear collider. He also served as deputy spokesperson of the High Energy Accelerator Research Organization’s Accelerator Test Facility (ATF) International Collaboration for the ATF2 project, is serving as a chairperson or is a member of a number of advisory committees, and is a fellow of the American Physical Society.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI055000
SCIENCE / Physics
TEC019000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Lasers & Photonics