1st Edition

Unit and Ubiquitous Internet of Things





ISBN 9781466561663
Published April 4, 2013 by CRC Press
260 Pages 51 B/W Illustrations

USD $120.00

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Book Description

Although the Internet of Things (IoT) will play a key role in the development of next generation information, network, and communication technologies, many are still unclear about what makes IoT different from similar concepts.

Answering fundamental questions about IoT architectures and models, Unit and Ubiquitous Internet of Things introduces essential IoT concepts from the perspectives of mapping and interaction between the physical world and the cyber world. It addresses key issues such as strategy and education, particularly around unit and ubiquitous IoT technologies. Supplying a new perspective on IoT, the book covers emerging trends and presents the latest progress in the field. It also:

  • Outlines a fundamental architecture for future IoT together with the IoT layered model
  • Describes various topological structures, existence forms, and corresponding logical relationships
  • Establishes an IoT technology system based on the knowledge of IoT scientific problems
  • Provides an overview of the core technologies, including basic connotation, development status, and open challenges

The book examines ubiquitous sensing, networking, and communications, as well as information management involved in unit IoT. It describes global IoT applications and includes coverage of ubiquitous, local, industrial, national, and transnational IoT. Presenting detailed case studies that illustrate various application scenarios, the text considers the main IoT supporting technologies including resource management, loop control in actuation, session management, space-time consistency, security and privacy, energy management, spectrum management, nanotechnology, quantum technology, and big data.

Table of Contents

Introduction
IoT Concept
Related Concepts to IoT
The Intrinsic Characteristics of IoT
IoT Development and Application
Future IoT Vision
References

Architecture and Fundamentals
Some Research on IoT Architecture
Ubiquitous IoT (U2IoT) Architecture
     Unit IoT Definition and Its Architecture Design 
     Ubiquitous IoT Definition and Its Architecture Design
Some Layered Models for IoT 
     Three-Layer Model 
     Four-Layer Model 
     Eight-Layer Model 
     Discussion on the above Layered Models
Layered Model Proposed and Social Attributes Discussion for U2IoT 
     Layered Model Designed for U2IoT
     Layer Description and Social Attributes for Unit IoT 
     Layer Description and Social Attributes for Ubiquitous IoT
IoT Development Phases Summary and Discussion 
     Early Stage 
     Unit IoT Stage
     Industrial/Local IoT Stage
     National IoT
Science Category and Supporting Technologies for IoT 
     Science Category Based on Cyber-Physical-Social Aspects
     Supporting Technologies
Conclusion
References

Unit Internet of Things
Introduction
Sensors and Actuators
     Sensors
     Actuators
Ubiquitous Sensing
     Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)
     Bluetooth
     Wireless Fidelity (Wi-Fi) 
     Ultra-Wideband (UWB) 
     ZigBee 
     Infrared Data Transmission
Networking and Communications 
     Mobile Communication Technology 
          Third-Generation Technology (3G) 
          Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) 
          Fourth-Generation Technology (4G) 
     Next-Generation Internet Technology
Management and Data Centers (M&DCs) 
     Pervasive Management 
          Object/Entity Management 
          Network Management 
          Service Management 
     Data Fusion and Data Mining
Case Study for Unit IoT 
     Identification 
          Asset Management 
          Biometrics Identification 
          E-Passport 
     Information Aggregation
          Smart Home 
          Satellite Remote Sensing System 
     Safety Awareness 
          Bird Strike Avoidance Radar System 
          River Navigation Safety System 
     Monitoring and Control 
          Precision Manufacturing System
Conclusion
References

Ubiquitous Internet of Things
Introduction
Local Internet of Things 
     Local IoT Concept
     Main Characteristics of Local IoT 
     Case Study: Smart City
     Case Study: Logistics Network of China
Pearl River Delta (PRD)
Industrial Internet of Things 
     Industrial IoT Concept 
     Main Characteristics of Industrial IoT 
          Geographical Dispersion 
          Multiuser Orientation 
     An Example: Smart Grid
National Internet of Things 
     National IoT Concept 
     National Development Planning 
     Management of National IoT
Transnational Internet of Things Application 
     Description 
     An Example: Transnational Logistics IoT in ACFTA
Global Application IoT and a Typical Example 
     Description 
     Case Study: Global Logistics IoT
Conclusion and Discussion
References

Resource Management
Introduction
Object Coding and Resolving 
     Object Coding Discussion 
          Coding for ID Objects 
          Coding for nID Objects 
          Combined Coding for Objects with ID and nID 
     Resolving Discussion for nID Objects
          Space-Time Information Resolving 
          Unique Attributes (UA) Resolving 
          Nonunique Attributes (NA) Resolving
Resource Naming
Resource Addressing
Resource Discovery
Resource Allocation
Resource Management Scheme in U2IoT 
     Context Information
     Resource Management Scheme for U2IoT
          Resource Management in Unit IoT 
          Resource Management in Ubiquitous IoT
Conclusion
References

Loop Control in Actuation
References

Session Management
Introduction
Single-Session Management in IoT
Multiple-Session Management in IoT
Challenges
References

Space-Time Consistency and Location Privacy
Introduction
Space-Time Registration in Unit IoT 
     Time Synchronization
     Object Localization 
     Time Registration for Unit IoT 
     Space Registration for Unit IoT
Space-Time Registration for Ubiquitous IoT 
     Time Registration for Ubiquitous IoT 
     Space Registration for Ubiquitous IoT
Space-Time Consistency Discussion in U2IoT
A Case Study in an Airport
Location Privacy 
     Main Characteristics of Location Privacy 
     Location Privacy-Preserving Mechanism 
          Privacy Policy 
          Anonymity and Pseudonymity
          Obfuscation 
          Challenges and Open Issues
Conclusion
References

Security and Privacy
Introduction
Security Challenges in U2IoT 
     Security Requirements
          CIA Triad 
          Authority
          Nonrepudiation 
               Privacy Preservation 
     Security Attacks 
          Gathering 
          Imitation
          Blocking
          Privacy Disclosure
The Security Framework for U2IoT 
     Information Security 
     Physical Security 
     Management Security
A Proposed Hybrid Authentication and Hierarchical Authorization Scheme 
     The Security Protocol Suite in Unit IoT (UnSPs) 
          The In-Group Hybrid Authentication Protocol in UnSPs
          The Out-Group Centralized Authorization Protocol in UnSPs
     The Security Protocol Suite in Ubiquitous IoT (UbSPs) 
     The Centralized Authentication Protocol in UbSPs 
     The Distributed Authority Transfer Protocol in UbSPs 
     The Centralized Authority Transfer Protocol in UbSPs 
     The Distributed Authority Sharing Protocol in UbSPs 
     Security Analysis 
          Authentication 
          Authorization   
          Privacy Preservation
Entity Activity Cycle–Based Security Solution 
     In the Preactive Phase 
     In the Active Phase 
          Authentication 
          Access Control 
          Secure Routing 
          Advanced Signature 
          Zero-Knowledge Proof 
          Data Aggregation 
     In the Postactive Phase 
          Intrusion Detection 
          Intrusion Tolerance and Threshold Cryptography
Conclusion
References

Energy Management
Introduction
Energy Management in Unit IoT 
     Energy Supply Management in Unit IoT
     Energy Demand Management in Unit IoT 
     Supply-Demand Balance Management in Unit IoT
Energy Management in Ubiquitous IoT
Conclusion and Discussion
References

Spectrum Management
Introduction
Spectrum Management System, Equipment, and Technology
     National Spectrum Management System 
     Spectrum Monitoring and Management Equipment
     Technological Innovation and Spectrum Management
The Vision, Challenge, and Scheme of Spectrum Management in IoT
     Spectrum Management Visions and Challenges 
     Spectrum Management Scheme in IoT 
          Spectrum Management in Unit IoT 
          Spectrum Management in Ubiquitous IoT
Conclusion
References

Nanotechnology
Introduction
Nanotechnology in Ubiquitous Sensing 
     Nanotechnology-Based New Sensors and Actuators 
     Nanoscale Sensor Networks
Nanotechnology in Communication Networks
     High-Performance Routing and Switching Devices 
     Radio Frequency (RF) Communication
Nanotechnology in High-Performance Computing
References

Quantum Technology
Introduction
Quantum Technology: Driving IoT Development 
     Making Sensor Networks More Powerful
     Making Communication More Secure
     Making Massive Data Processing More Efficient
References

Big Data
Introduction
Technology and Application 
     Some Typical Technologies for Big Data 
     Application Platform and Solution
Conclusion
References
Index

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Author(s)

Biography

Huansheng Ning, Ph.D., is an associate professor in the School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Beihang University. He was born in Anhui, China, and received a B.S. from Anhui University, China, and a Ph.D. from Beihang University, China. From 2002 to 2003, Dr. Ning worked at Aisino Corporation, Beijing, China. From 2004 to 2005, he was a post-Ph.D. at Beihang University. He has presided over several research projects supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC), the National High Technology Research and Development Program of China (863 Program), and other organizations. He has published many papers and books on radio frequency identification (RFID) and Internet of Things (IoT). Dr. Ning serves as an editor on Advances in Internet of Things (2012-Present), is a guest editor for the Journal of Universal Computer Science Special Issue on Internet of Things (JUCS), and coeditor for The Internet of Things: From RFID to the Next-Generation Pervasive Networked Systems (Taylor & Francis Group). He also serves as a chair or program committee member for international conferences/workshops, for example, program chair (IEEE iThings 2012), program committee member (AMT 2012), K15947. Internet of Things and CPS track chair (IEEE CIT’12), workshop chair (IEEE iThings 2011), and general chair (UMES 2011). Dr. Ning’s current research focuses on Internet of Things, electromagnetic sensing, and aviation security.