Unlocking SME Finance in Asia
Roles of Credit Rating and Credit Guarantee Schemes
There is limited access for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to bank credit. This book proposes new and sustainable models to help ease the access of SMEs to finance and boost economic growth and job creation in Asia. This book looks at the difficulties of SMEs in accessing finance and suggests ways on how to mitigate these challenges. It suggests how we can develop credit information infrastructures for SMEs to remedy the asymmetric information problem and to utilize credit rating techniques for the development of a sustainable credit guarantee scheme.
The book provides illustrations of various Asian economies that implemented credit guarantee schemes and credit risk databases and is a useful reference for lessons and policy recommendations.
Table of Contents
Part I: SMEs’ Role in Asia, Difficulties in Accessing Finance, and Remedies
1. Role of SMEs in Asia and the Financing Challenges They Face (Naoyuki Yoshino and Farhad Taghizadeh-Hesary)
2. Enhancing Access to Finance for SMEs: The Case of Central Asia (Arnault Prêtet and Tabea Klang)
Part II: Credit risk databases and credit scoring of SMEs
3. A Comprehensive Method for Credit Risk Assessment of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises based on Asian Data (Naoyuki Yoshino and Farhad Taghizadeh-Hesary)
4. The Role of Credit Rating Agencies in Addressing Gaps in Micro and Small Enterprise Financing: The Case of India (Savita Shankar)
5. Establishment of the Credit Risk Database: Concrete Use to Evaluate Creditworthiness of SMEs (Satoshi Kuwahara, Naoyuki Yoshino, Megumi Sagara, and Farhad Taghizadeh-Hesary)
6. Credit Risk Analysis of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises Based on Thai Data (Naoyuki Yoshino, Farhad Taghizadeh-Hesary, Phadet Charoensivakorn, and Baburam Niraula)
Part III: Credit Guarantee Schemes and SME finance
7. Oil Price Fluctuations, Creditworthiness of the Financial System, and SME Financing in Kazakhstan (Yergali Dosmagambet, Yessengali Oskenbayev, Farhad Taghizadeh-Hesary, and Moldir Mukan)
8. The Role of Credit Guarantee Schemes in Financing Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises: The Case of India (Navin Kumar Maini)
9. Role of Credit Guarantee for Financing MSMEs: Evidence from Rural and Urban Areas in Indonesia (Adhitya Wardhono, Mohamad Ikhsan Modjo, and Eka Wahyu Utami)
10. Role of Credit Guarantee Scheme in the Development of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises: With Emphasis on Knowledge-based Enterprises (Roohollah Aboojafari, Alireza Daliri, Farhad Taghizadeh-Hesary, Mohammad Mokhtari, and Mohsen Ekhitiari)
11. Credit Supplementation System for Unlocking SME and Start-up Access to Finance: The Case of Japan (Atsuo Kuroda)
12. The Korea Credit Guarantee Fund and its Contribution to the Economy (Jong-goo Lee, Sunyoung Hong, Taehyun Lee, and Wooinn Park)
13. Marketing: The Crucial Success Factor for Pakistan’s Credit Guarantee Scheme (Talha Nadeem and Raheel Rasool)
14. Small and Medium-sized Enterprises’ Financing in Singapore (Youngho Chang and Cedric Rimaud)
15. Credit Guarantee Scheme and Small and Medium-sized Enterprise Finance: The Case of Turkey (Mustafa Yagci)
16. Challenges in Implementing the Credit Guarantee Scheme for SMEs: The Case of Viet Nam (Le Ngoc Dang and Anh Tu Chuc)
Naoyuki Yoshino is Dean and CEO of the Asian Development Bank Institute and Professor Emeritus at Keio University, Tokyo. He obtained his PhD from Johns Hopkins University in 1979. He has been a visiting scholar at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (United States) and a visiting professor at the University of New South Wales (Australia), Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques (France), and the University of Gothenburg (Sweden). He has also been an assistant professor at the State University of New York at Buffalo and an economics professor at Keio University. He was named director of Japan’s Financial Services Agency's Financial Research Center in 2004 and is now chief advisor. He was appointed chair of the Financial Planning Standards Board in 2007 and has served as chairperson of Japan’s Ministry of Finance's Council on Foreign Exchange and its Fiscal System Council. He obtained honorary doctorates from the University of Gothenburg (Sweden) in 2004 and Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg (Germany) in 2013. He also received the Fukuzawa Award in 2013 for his contribution to research on economic policy.
Farhad Taghizadeh-Hesary is a faculty member and Assistant Professor of economics at the School of Political Science and Economics, Waseda University, Tokyo, and visiting professor at Keio University. He completed his master’s degree in energy economics at Tehran University, Iran, in 2011. In 2015 he earned a PhD in energy economics from Keio University. He taught as Assistant Professor at Keio University following the completion of his PhD until March 2018. He was also a visiting scholar and visiting professor at several institutions and universities, including the Institute of Energy Economics of Japan (2013–2015), the Credit Risk Database Association of Japan (2014–2015), and the Graduate School of Economics of the University of Tokyo (2016–2017). He has published on a wide range of topics, including energy economics, green finance, the finance of small and medium-sized enterprises, monetary policy, and banking. He has written more than 50 academic journal papers and book chapters and edited six books.
"The phenomenal economic growth of Asia has been in a leading position in the world for decades (Helliwell, 1996), keeping the regional economy a most active global economic power. The great success of the Asian economy has completely changed the global competitive landscape. Among all contributing factors, the booming small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) have played a key role… This recent book by Naoyuki Yoshino and Farhad Taghizadeh-Hesary is a much needed and highly relevant work, providing a comprehensive cross-country collection of relevant research." - International Small Business Journal: Researching Entrepreneurship, 2020, Vol. 38(4)