This title includes a number of Open Access chapters.
Urban planners around the world are increasingly concerned with creating and maintaining cities that are healthy for both the environment and for individuals. Cities are at the forefront of the trend toward sustainable living, since they are the site of concentrated population, resource use, and greenhouse gas emissions, yet also have the tools and the resources to address climate change and environmental degradation. Part of the modern urban planner’s challenge is to impact individual behavior on a systemic, urban scale, since sustainable cities are made up of systems that encourage sustainable behavior.
The articles chosen for this compendium cover many aspects of urban living on this individual yet systematic scale. Included are chapters that focus on:
- How individuals, households, and cities use resources and create greenhouse gas emissions
- How urban resources can be expanded to include waste streams
- Options for measuring and encouraging sustainable transportation
- Cities’ renewable and non-renewable energy demands
- Sustainable housing solutions
Case studies and up-to-date research provide urban planners with new options for creating cities that will meet the demands of the twenty-first century. Also appropriate for graduate students who are preparing for careers related to urban planning, this compendium captures and integrates the current work being done in this vitally important field.
Table of Contents
Part 1: Sustainable Resource Life Cycles
How Urban Societies Can Adapt to Resource Shortage and Climate Change
Greenhouse Gas Emissions Accounting of Urban Residential Consumption: A Household Survey Based Approach
Tao Lin, Yunjun Yu, Xuemei Bai, Ling Feng, and Jin Wang
Exploring the Attitudes-Action Gap in Household Resource Consumption: Does "Environmental Lifestyle" Segmentation Align with Consumer Behaviour?
Peter Newton and Denny Meyer
Rethinking Waste as a Resource: Insights from a Low-Income Community in Accra, Ghana
Challenges to Achieving Sustainable Sanitation in Informal Settlements of Kigali, Rwanda
Aime Tsinda, Pamela Abbott, Steve Pedley, Katrina Charles, Jane Adogo, Kenan Okurut, and Jonathan Chenoweth
Part 2: Sustainable Transportation
Transport Infrastructure and the Environment: Sustainable Mobility and Urbanism
Personalized Routing for Multitudes in Smart Cities
Manlio De Domenico, Antonio Lima, Marta C. González, and Alex Arenas
Transport Accessibility Analysis Using GIS: Assessing Sustainable Transport in London
Alistair C. Ford, Stuart L. Barr, Richard J. Dawson, and Philip James
Part 3: Sustainable Housing
Greenhouse Gas Implications of Urban Sprawl in the Helsinki Metropolitan Area
Sanna Ala-Mantila, Jukka Heinonen, and Seppo Junnila
Renewables in Residential Development: An Integrated GIS-Based Multicriteria Approach for Decentralized Micro-Renewable Energy Production in New Settlement Development: A Case Study of the Eastern Metropolitan Area of Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy
Claudia Palmas, Emanuela Abis, Christina von Haaren, and Andrew Lovett
Sustainability Appraisal of Residential Energy Demand and Supply: A Life Cycle Approach Including Heating, Electricity, Embodied Energy and Mobility
Gernot Stoeglehner, Wolfgang Baaske, Hermine Mitter, Nora Niemetz, Karl-Heinz Kettl, Michael Weiss, Bettina Lancaster, and Georg Neugebauer
Kim Etingoff has a master’s degree in urban and environmental policy and planning from Tufts University. She is currently researching a report on food resiliency within the city of Boston as part of the Initiative for a Competitive Inner City. She participated in the Practical Visionaries Workshop team that worked in partnership with Alternatives for Community and Environment to support a community food-planning process based in a Boston neighborhood, which was oriented toward creating a vehicle for community action around urban food issues, providing extensive background research to ground the resident-led planning process. She has worked in the Boston Mayor’s Office of New Urban Mechanics, and has also coordinated and developed programs in urban agriculture and nutrition education. In addition, she has many years of experience researching, writing, and editing educational books on environmental and food issues.