Urban Heat Stress and Mitigation Solutions : An Engineering Perspective book cover
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Urban Heat Stress and Mitigation Solutions
An Engineering Perspective



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ISBN 9780367493639
August 20, 2021 Forthcoming by Routledge
432 Pages 92 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

This book provides the reader with an understanding of the impact that different morphologies, construction materials and green coverage solutions have on the urban microclimate, thus affecting the comfort conditions of urban inhabitants and the energy needs of buildings in urban areas. The book covers the latest approaches to energy and outdoor comfort measurement and modelling on an urban scale, and describes possible measures and strategies to mitigate the effects of the mutual interaction between urban settlements and local microclimate.

Despite its relevance, only limited literature is currently devoted to appraising – from an engineering perspective – the intertwining relationships between urban geometry and fabrics, energy fluxes between buildings and their surroundings, outdoor microclimate conditions and building energy demands in urban areas. This book fills this gap by first discussing the physical processes that govern heat and mass transfer at an urban scale, while emphasizing the role played by different spatial arrangements, manmade materials and green infrastructures on the outdoor microclimate. The first chapters also address the implications of these factors on the outdoor comfort conditions experienced by pedestrians, and on the buildings’ energy demand for space heating and cooling.

Then, based upon cutting-edge experimental activities and simulation work, the book demonstrates current and forthcoming adaptation and mitigation strategies to improve the urban microclimate and its impact on the built environment, such as cool materials, thermochromic and retroreflective finishing materials, and green infrastructures applied either at a building scale or at the urban scale. The effect of these solutions is demonstrated for different cities worldwide under a range of climate conditions. Finally, the book opens a wider perspective by introducing the basic elements that allow fuel poverty, raw materials consumption and the principles of circular economy in the definition of a resilient urban settlement.

Table of Contents

Part I: Physical processes and outdoor comfort in urban areas

1. Understanding heat and mass transfer at the urban scale

Vincenzo Costanzo, Gianpiero Evola, Luigi Marletta

2. An overview of microclimate simulation tools and models for predicting outdoor thermal comfort

Maurizio Detommaso, Antonio Gagliano, Francesco Nocera

3. Measuring and assessing thermal exposure

Negin Nazarian, Leslie Norford

4. Thermal comfort in the outdoor built environment: the role of clothing

Ferdinando Salata, Federica Rosso

5. Potential effects of anthropometric variables on outdoor thermal comfort

Eduardo Krüger, Luísa Alcantara Rosa, Eduardo Grala da Cunha

Part II: Urban energy modelling

6. Urban form and climate performance

Agnese Salvati

7. Including weather data morphing and other urban effects in energy simulations

Massimo Palme, Agnese Salvati

8. The climate-related potential of natural ventilation

Giacomo Chiesa

9. Different approaches to urban energy modelling

Miroslava Kavgic

10. Low carbon heating and cooling strategies for urban residential buildings - A bottom-up engineering modelling approach

Runming Yao, ‌Shan‌ ‌Zhou‌

11. Definition, modelling and performance evaluation of energy distribution networks of prosumers

Alberto Fichera, Rosaria Volpe

Part III: Adaptation and mitigation measures

12. Cool materials in buildings. Roofs as a measure for urban energy rehabilitation

Noelia‌ ‌Liliana‌ ‌Alchapar,‌ ‌María‌ ‌Florencia‌ ‌Colli‌,‌ ‌Erica‌ ‌Norma‌ ‌Correa‌

13. Building greenery systems

Julià Coma, Gabriel Perez

14. Thermochromic and retro-reflective materials

Federico‌ ‌Rossi‌,‌ ‌Mattheos‌ ‌Santamouris‌,‌ ‌Samira‌ ‌Garshasbi‌,‌ ‌Marta‌ ‌Cardinali‌,‌ ‌Alessia‌ ‌Di‌ ‌Giuseppe‌

15. Urban green infrastructures for climate change adaptation: a multiscale approach

Stephan Pauleit, Teresa Zölch, Sabrina Erlwein, Astrid Reischl, Mohammad Rahmann, Hans Pretzsch, Thomas Rötzer

Part IV: Towards a resilient urbanscape

16. Environmental valuation and the city perspectives towards the circular economy

Maria Rita Trovato, Salvatore Giuffrida

17. Urban energy poverty

Kristian Fabbri

18. Planning criteria for nature-based solutions in cities

Riccardo Privitera, Daniele La Rosa

19. The Colour of Heat: Visualising Urban Heat Islands for policy-making

Carmelo Ignaccolo

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Editor(s)

Biography

Vincenzo Costanzo is currently a researcher at the Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture (DICAR) at the University of Catania, Italy. He holds a PhD in Energetics focusing on building and environmental physics.

Gianpiero Evola is a researcher and Assistant Professor of Building Physics at the Department of Electric, Electronic and Computer Engineering (DIEEI) at the University of Catania, Italy. He holds a PhD in Building Physics.

Luigi Marletta is Professor of Building Physics at the Department of Electric, Electronic and Computer Engineering (DIEEI) at the University of Catania, Italy.