Urban Histories of Science: Making Knowledge in the City, 1820-1940, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Urban Histories of Science

Making Knowledge in the City, 1820-1940, 1st Edition

Edited by Oliver Hochadel, Agustí Nieto-Galan

Routledge

238 pages

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Hardback: 9780415784177
pub: 2018-09-26
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Description

This book tells ten urban histories of science from nine cities—Athens, Barcelona, Budapest, Buenos Aires, Dublin (2 articles), Glasgow, Helsinki, Lisbon, and Naples—situated on the geographical margins of Europe and beyond. Ranging from the mid-nineteenth to the early twentieth centuries, the contents of this volume debate why and how we should study the scientific culture of cities, often considered "peripheral" in terms of their production of knowledge. How were scientific practices, debates and innovations intertwined with the highly dynamic urban space around 1900? The authors analyze zoological gardens, research stations, observatories, and international exhibitions, along with hospitals, newspapers, backstreets, and private homes while also stressing the importance of concrete urban spaces for the production and appropriation of knowledge. They uncover the diversity of actors and urban publics ranging from engineers, scientists, architects, and physicians to journalists, tuberculosis patients, and fishermen. Looking at these nine cities around 1900 is like glancing at a prism that produces different and even conflicting notions of modernity. In their totality, the ten case studies help to overcome an outdated centre-periphery model. This volume is, thus, able to address far more intriguing historiographical questions. How do science, technology, and medicine shape the debates about modernity and national identity in the urban space? To what degree do cities and the heterogeneous elements they contain have agency? These urban histories show that science and the city are consistently and continuously co-constructing each other.

Table of Contents

Contents

List of Illustrations

Notes on Contributors

Preface

Introduction

Oliver Hochadel and Agustí Nieto-Galan

  1. Envisioning a New European Metropolis. Designing the Athens Observatory (1842)
  2. Maria Rentetzi and Spiros Flevaris

  3. Institutionalizing the ‘metropolis of mechanics’: philosophical engineering in the city of Glasgow c. 1820 – c. 1875
  4. Ben Marsden

  5. Natural Sciences Meeting their Public: The Hungarian Association for the Advancement of Science in Budapest, 1841-1896
  6. Katalin Stráner

  7. Copepods and Fisherboys: Advanced Marine Biological Research and Street Poverty in Naples circa 1890
  8. Katharina Steiner

  9. Locating Dublin in the late nineteenth-century ether
  10. Tanya O’Sullivan

  11. Second city of science? Dublin as a centre of calculation in the British Imperial context, 1886-1912
  12. Juliana Adelman

  13. From capital city to scientific capital. Science, technology and medicine in Lisbon as seen through the press, 1900-1910
  14. Ana Simões

  15. Collective expertise. The urban planning of Munkkiniemi and Haaga, Helsinki (ca. 1915)
  16. Emilia Karppinen

  17. On Hygiene in a Modern Peripheral City: Buenos Aires, 1870-1940
  18. Diego Armus

  19. From Electricity to the Photo Archive: National Identity and the Planning of the 1929 Barcelona International Exhibition

Lucila Mallart

Bibliography

Index

About the Editors

Oliver Hochadel is based at the IMF-CSIC (Spanish National Research Council) in Barcelona.

Agustí Nieto-Galan is Professor of History of Scienceat the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona.

About the Series

Routledge Studies in the History of Science, Technology and Medicine

Studies in the History of Science Technology and Medicine aims to stimulate research in the field, concentrating on the twentieth century. It seeks to contribute to our understanding of science, technology and medicine as they are embedded in society, exploring the links between the subjects on the one hand, and the cultural, economic, political and institutional contexts of their genesis and development on the other. Within this framework, and while not favouring any particular methodological approach, the series welcomes studies which examine relations between science, technology, medicine and society in new ways, e.g. the social construction of technologies, large technical systems.

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HIS000000
HISTORY / General
HIS037030
HISTORY / Modern / General
HIS054000
HISTORY / Social History