Urban Quay Walls  book cover
1st Edition

Urban Quay Walls

ISBN 9789053676158
Published January 31, 2016 by CRC Press
150 Pages

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Book Description

Since the thirteenth century, quay walls of significant retaining height have been built in the Netherlands in urban environments. Over time, structural revisions were often carried out due to excessive deformations or the use of increasingly larger and deeper vessels. These historic quay walls were seldom designed for the current functional requirements they are subjected to. These mostly older quay walls require more maintenance and revisions to secure a certain degree of safety. In some cases they need to be demolished and completely rebuilt.

Urban Quay Walls offers safety protocols and a clear approach on how to inspect, design and maintain urban quay walls. The book offers:

- an insight on the development of urban quay walls;
- a description of the main forms (as used in The Netherlands);
- quicksteps for the inspection of existing quay walls.

Urban Quay Walls presents a proposal for a uniform and standardised method to verify the actual state of current quay walls in urban environments. This handbook presents an overview of the development of urban quay walls over the course of time and describes the main types in use in the Netherlands. Subsequently, a method is presented for deciding whether or not a historic quay wall needs to be renovated, renewed or maintained.

Table of Contents

1 Introduction
1.1 General
1.2 Functional requirements
1.3 Main forms
2 Management, maintenance and inventory
2.1 Introduction
2.1.1 Asset management
2.1.2 Technical management
2.1.3 Functional management
2.2 Management philosophy
2.2.1 Quality ambitions
2.2.2 Rational management
2.2.3 Integral management
2.2.4 Planned management
2.2.5 Safe management
2.3 Management tasks
2.3.1 Advising
2.3.2 Damage settlement
2.3.3 File management
2.3.4 Inspecting and testing
2.4 Maintenance
2.4.1 Failure maintenance
2.4.2 Periodic maintenance
2.4.3 Project-based maintenance
2.5 Inventory
2.5.1 In general
2.5.2 Terms of Reference
2.5.3 Critical structural components
2.5.4 Condition measurement, degradation, and damage
2.5.5 Listed building assessment
2.5.6 Flora and fauna
2.5.7 Connecting structures
2.5.8 Cables and pipes
2.6 Degradation and choice of building materials
2.6.1 Introduction
2.6.2 Degradation wooden pile foundation
2.6.3 Degradation steel sheet pile walls
3 Inspection
3.1 Introduction
3.1.1 Classification inspections
3.1.2 Inspection plan
3.1.3 Working with a diving team
3.1.4 Useful measurement equipment
3.1.5 Inspection report contents
3.2 Basic geometrics of inspection (class 0)
3.2.1 In general
3.2.2 Retaining wall on spread foundations (type 1)
3.2.3 Retaining wall on pile foundations (types 2 and 3)
3.2.4 Sheet pile structure (type 4)
3.3 Deformation measurements (class 1a)
3.4 Visual inspection (class 1b)
3.4.1 Inspection
3.4.2 Points of attention inspection
3.5 Description of technical inspection methods (class 2 and class 3)
3.5.1 Technical inspection of brickwork
3.5.2 Technical inspection of wooden foundation piles
3.5.3 Inspection steel sheet pile
3.5.4 Inspection of concrete
4 Testing and consideration framework
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Loads in urban areas
4.2.1 Introduction
4.2.2 Water level differences between harbour water and groundwater
4.2.3 Traffic load
4.2.4 Load caused by tree roots
4.3 Test method
4.3.1 Introduction
4.3.2 Reference period and residual lifetime
4.3.3 Standards
4.3.4 Length effects
4.3.5 Proven strength
4.3.6 Geometrics
4.3.7 Non-structural elements
4.4 Testing
4.4.1 Simple testing
4.4.2 Detailed testing
4.4.3 Advanced testing
4.5 Adjusting test criteria
4.6 Disqualification assessment
4.7 Consideration
5 Repair or new structure
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Reliability assessment
5.2.1. Reliability class
5.2.2. Design approach
5.2.3. Reliability methods
5.2.4. Influence parameters and partial factors
5.3 Structural calculation
5.3.1 Calculation steps
5.3.2 Mathematical models
5.3.3. Behaviour of the current structure
5.4 New structures and repair of listed buildings
5.4.1 Introduction
5.5 Effects of renovations and new structures
5.6.1 Reconstruction Conradkade in The Hague along the tram line
5.6.2 Reconstruction Rijnkade in Arnhem
6 Construction
6.1 In general
6.2 Types of contracts
6.3 Alignment of design and construction
6.4 Construction aspects
6.5 Construction risks
6.6 Interface and environment
6.6.1 In general
6.6.2 Nuisance caused by method of construction
6.6.3 Preventive precautions
6.6.4 Communication with Third Parties

Appendix 1 Flowchart survey method
Appendix 2 Valuation chart listed building value
Appendix 3 Partial factors - new structures
Appendix 4 Partial factors - repair/renovation
Appendix 5 Partial factors – existing structures
Appendix 6 Literature

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SBRCURnet is an independent knowledge network for the entire Dutch building industry. The knowledge and tools that SBRCURnet develops and provides, help corporate professionals and governments improve their skillsets and their business in both civil engineering and house building.

SBRCURnet initiates and coordinates joint research projects with both public bodies and private companies. By initiating, organizing and publishing about these innovative solutions, SBRCURnet stimulates the further development of the entire industry. We do this because we believe that innovation is best stimulated by sharing knowledge and working together. Our focus is to link organizations in developing new knowledge on current issues.

SBRCURnet issues approximately 500 publications about best practices and innovative building issues. Most of our research projects and activities result in the publication of guidance documents, many of which have been adopted as the standard for excellence in their respective areas.
Although generally published in Dutch, some of our best publications (handbooks) are also published in English, for an international public.

Edited by A.A. Roubos (Municipality of Rotterdam) and D. Grotegoed (Ballast Nedam Engineering).