Solid waste is a major urban challenge worldwide and decisions over which technologies or methods to apply can have beneficial or detrimental long-term consequences. Inappropriate management of solid waste can lead to damaging environmental impacts, particularly in the megacities of the Global South.
Urban Recycling Cooperatives explores the multiple narratives and interdisciplinary nature of waste studies, drawing attention to the pressing social, economic and environmental challenges related to waste management. The book asks questions such as: how do we define waste and our relation to it; who is involved in dealing with waste; and what power interactions become manifest over issues of accessing and managing waste? In recent years informal cooperatives have emerged, devoted to recycling household and business waste before reclassifying it and redirecting it to the authorities. Hence, these workers are able to reclaim significant amounts of natural resources and thus contribute to the saving of resources and lessened waste management expenditures.
With particular reference to the Brazilian megalopolis of São Paulo, this book describes this paradigm shift in the general understanding of waste as unwanted discard towards the recognition of waste as a resource that must be recovered for reuse or recycling. It would be of interest to students and policy makers working in international development and waste management.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Waste governance: an introduction
Chapter 2: Situated theoretical framework for waste governance
Chapter 3: Participatory community-based research: theory and praxis
Chapter 4: From hazardous informal recycling to decent working conditions
Chapter 5: The social aspects of waste
Chapter 6: Health and risk factors for informal waste pickers
Chapter 7: Recycling the organic fraction of household waste
Chapter 8: Contributions to climate change mitigation: Environmental benefits from the work of waste pickers
Chapter 9: Different ways of managing waste: from neoliberal to cooperative approaches
Chapter 10: Final outlook: a world without waste