Urban Water Resources: 1st Edition (e-Book) book cover

Urban Water Resources

1st Edition

By Monzur Alam Imteaz

CRC Press

286 pages | 8 Color Illus. | 189 B/W Illus.

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Description

Ever increasing urbanization is impacting both the quantity and quality of urban water resources. These urban water resources and components of the water cycle are likely to be affected severely. To minimize the consequences on world water resources, the development of sustainable water resources management strategies is inevitable. An integrated urban water resources management strategy is the key to maintain sustainable water resources. A preliminary understanding of physio-chemical processes and analysis methodologies involved in each and every component of the urban water cycle is necessary. In the past these components have been investigated and published individually.

With the view to aiding the development of integrated urban water resources management strategies, this book endeavors to present and explain the major urban water cycle components from a single holistic platform. The book presents the introduction, analysis and design methods of a wide range of urban water components i.e., rainfall, flood, drainage, water supply and waste water with the additions of sustainability practices in most of the components. Current "Hydrology" and "Hydraulics" books do not incorporate sustainability features and practices, while there are many books on general "Sustainability" without integrating sustainability concepts into typical engineering designs.

The book starts with components and classifications of world water resources, then basic and detailed components of the hydrologic cycle, climate change and its impacts on hydrologic cycle, rainfall patterns and measurements, rainfall losses, derivations of design rainfalls, streamflow measurements, flood frequency analysis and probabilistic flood estimations, deterministic flood estimations, unit hydrograph, flood modelling, commercial modelling tools and use of Geographical Information System (GIS) for flood modelling, principles of open channel hydraulics, critical flow and flow classification indices, open channel flow profiles, uniform flow in open channel and open channel design, estimation of future population and domestic water demand, design of water supply systems, sustainable water supply system, water treatments, wastewater quantification, wastewater treatments, sustainable and decentralized wastewater treatment, stormwater drainage and urban drainage analysis, water footprint and water-energy nexus, features of water conservation, harvesting and recycling, components of sustainable urban design, stormwater treatment and integrated water management.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents:

Preface

Acknowledgements

About the author

Introduction

World Water Resources

Classifications of Water Resources

Climate and Climate Change

Seasonality Index

Drought Index

Hydrologic Cycle and Rainfall-Runoff Processes

Hydrological Cycle and Systems

Water Balance

Precipitation

Precipitation Measurement

Rainfall Variability

Evaporation and Transpiration

Catchment and Watershed

Abstraction and Losses

Runoff and Hydrographs

Streamflow Measurements

Rating Curve

Probabilistic Rainfall/Flood Estimation

Introduction to Flood Estimation

Terminologies used in Probability Analysis

Failure and Risk

Hydrological Data

Flood Frequency Analysis

Design Rainfall

Introduction

Intensity-Duration Relationship

Derivation of Design Rainfall

Temporal Pattern

Deterministic Flow/Flood Estimations

Introduction

Hydrograph Details

Rational Method

Time of Concentration

Non-Homogeneous Catchment

Partial Area Effect

Composite Catchment

Unit Hydrograph Method

Flood Modelling

Time-Area Method

Modelling Tools

Open Channel Hydraulics

Introduction

Principles and Equations

Effect of Streamline Position

Solutions of Energy Equation

Critical Depth Calculations

Froude Number

Applications of Energy Equation

Gravity Wave and its Applications

Uniform Flow in Open Channel

Flow Classifications

Uniform Flow Equation

Solutions of Manning’s Equation

Details of Manning’s Roughness

Compound Channel

Conveyance of Open Channel

Design of Uniform Flow Channel

Hydraulic Modelling

Introduction

Solution Process

Data Requirements

Hydraulic Modelling using HEC-RAS

Water Supply Systems

Introduction

Water Consumption Pattern

Estimation of Demand

Water Supply System Components

Storage Tank Sizing

Pipe System Analysis and Design

Water Quality

Water Treatment Processes

Water Quality Measurement and Calculations

Settling of Particles in a Fluid

Sedimentation Basin Sizing

Wastewater Systems

Introduction

Wastewater Collection System

Quantification of Wastewater

Quality of Wastewater

Wastewater Treatment

Disinfection, Sludge Treatment and Disposal

Sustainable Wastewater Treatment and Recycling

Stormwater Drainage

Introduction

Components of Urban Stormwater Drainage

Design Calculations and Equations

Hydraulic Grade Line (HGL) Analysis

Onsite Detention (OSD) Tank

Urban Drainage Analysis

Pit Location Design and Bypass Flow

Overland Flow path

Water Conservation and Recycling

Introduction

Water Footprint

Sustainable Water Fixtures

Stormwater Harvesting

Greywater Recycling

Centralised Recycled Water

Water Sensitive Urban Design

Introduction

Grass Swale

Sand Filter

Bioretention System

Porous Pavement

Sedimentation Basin

Wetland

Riparian Vegetation

Rainwater Tank

Appendix A Manning's ‘n’ values for Channels (Chow, 1959)

Appendix B

About the Author

Monzur Imteaz is an Associate Professor in the Department of Civil & Construction Engineering at Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Australia. He has obtained his Ph.D. in 1997 from Saitama University, Japan. Later he completed his post-doctoral research at University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia. Before joining at Swinburne he was been involved with several Australian state and local government authorities. He has been actively involved with various researches on sustainability, water resources and environmental pollutions.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
SCI086000
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / General
TEC009020
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Civil / General
TEC010030
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / Water Supply