175 pages | 75 B/W Illus.
Ever increasing urbanization is impacting both the quantity and quality of urban water resources. These urban water resources and components of the water cycle are likely to be affected severely. To minimize the consequences on world water resources, the development of sustainable water resources management strategies is inevitable. With the view to aiding the development of integrated urban water resources management strategies, this book presents the major urban water cycle components from a single holistic platform. The book presents the introduction, analysis and design methods of a wide range of urban water components.
Introduction. World Water Resources. Classifications of Water Resources.Components of Water Resources. Climate and Climate Change. Seasonality Index. Drought Index. Hydrologic Cycle and Rainfall-Runoff Processes. Hydrologic Cycle and Systems. Water Balance. Precipitation. Rainfall Variability. Evaporation and Transpiration. The Catchment/Watershed. Abstraction and Losses. Runoff and Hydrograph. Streamflow Measurement. Rating Curve. Design Rainfall. Concept of Design Rainfall. Probabilistic Rainfall Distributions. IFD Chart - US practice, UK practice, Australian practice, Practices in some other regions. Temporal Pattern. Probabilistic Flood Estimation. Introduction to Flood Estimation. Risk and Failure. Hydrological Data. Probabilistic Flood Estimation. Design Flood. Flood Frequency Analysis - Annual Series Analysis, Partial Series Analysis. Use of Probabilistic Flood Estimation. Deterministic Flood Estimation. Introduction. Rational Method. Time of Concentration. Coefficient of Runoff. Unit Hydrograph Method. Non-homogenous Catchment. Flood Modelling - Time Area Method of Flood Modelling, Commercial Modelling Tools. Use of Flood Modelling, GIS and Flood Inundation Mapping. Open Channel Hydraulics. Principles and Equations - Energy Equation, Continuity Equation, Momentum Equation. Solutions of Energy Equation. Critical Depth Calculations. Application of the Energy Equation - Flow Measurement, Calculations for changes in Physical Channel Dimensions. Froude Number. Flow Profiles. Uniform Flow in Open Channels. Flow Classifications. Uniform Flow Equation. Composite Roughness. Compound Channel. Conveyance of Open Channel. Design of Uniform Channel - Lined Channel, Erodable Channel. Hydraulic Modelling using Manning’s Equation. Commercial Modelling Tools. Water Supply Systems. Consumption Pattern. Estimation of Demand - Arithmetic Growth Model, Exponential Growth Model, Logistic Growth Model. Water System Components. Storage Tank Sizing. Pump and Pipe System Analysis and Design. Water Quality - Physical Impurities, Chemical Impurities, Biological Impurities. Water Treatment Processes - Physical Treatment, Chemical Treatment, Biological Treatment, Settling of Particles in a Fluid, Filtration Technique. Advection and Dispersion. Sedimentation Basin Sizing. Sustainable Water Supply System.
Wastewater Systems. Quantification of Wastewater. Sewerage Systems. Quality of Wastewater - Physical Contaminants, Chemical Contaminants, Biological Contaminants. Wastewater Treatments - Primary Treatment, Secondary Treatment, Tertiary Treatment, Advanced Treatment. Biological Decomposition of Organic Matters. Eutrophication. Sustainable Wastewater Treatment. Stormwater Drainage. Components of Urban Stormwater Drainage. Design Equations. Onsite Detention Tank and Design. Hydraulic Grade Line. Urban Drainage Analysis. Water Conservation, Harvesting and Recycling. Water Footprint. Water-Energy Nexus. Sustainable Water Fixtures. Stormwater Harvesting. Greywater Recycling. Wastewater Recycling. Sustainable Urban Design. Introduction. Stormwater Quality Improvement Devices. Grass Swale. Porous Pavement. Bioretention System. Sand Filter. Sedimentation Basin. Wetland. Stormwater Treatment Trains. Stormwater Quality Treatment Modelling. Integrated Water Management.