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Urbanisation in Roman Spain and Portugal
Civitates Hispaniae in the Early Empire



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ISBN 9780367900779
March 3, 2021 Forthcoming by Routledge
424 Pages 86 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

The principal aims of the book Urbanisation in Roman Spain and Portugal: Civitates Hispaniae in the Early Empire are to provide a comprehensive reconstruction of the urban systems of the Iberian Peninsula during the Early Empire and to explain why these systems looked the way they did.

While some chapters focus on settlements that were cities or towns from a juridical point of view, the implications of using a purely functional definition of towns are also explored. Key themes include continuities and discontinuities between pre-Roman and Roman settlement patterns, the geographical distribution of cities belonging to various size brackets, economic relationships between self-governing cities and their territories, and the role of cities as nodes in road systems and maritime networks. In addition, it is argued that a considerable number of self-governing communities in Roman Spain and Portugal were polycentric rather based on a single urban centre.

The volume will be of interest to anyone working on Roman urbanism as well as those interested in the Iberian Peninsula in the Roman Period.

Table of Contents

List of Figures

List of Tables

Acknowledgements

Abbreviations

Chapter I

THE ANCIENT CITY ON THE IBERIAN PENINSULA

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Debating the Ancient City

1.3 Self-governing Communities

1.4 Settlements with Urban Functions

1.5 Demographic Definition

1.6 Defining the City

Chapter II

THE ORIGINS OF URBANISATION ON THE IBERIAN PENINSULA

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Geography of Hispania

2.3 Urban Development in Pre-Roman Hispania

2.4 Roman Conquest and Early Roman Urbanism

Chapter III

SELF-GOVERNING CIVITATES IN THE EARLY EMPIRE

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Literary Sources

3.3 Epigraphy

3.4 Civitates Hispaniae

3.5 Dispersed Civitas

3.6 Garrison Settlements

3.7 Universa Hispania

Chapter IV

SECONDARY AGGLOMERATIONS AND URBAN FUNCTIONS

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Secondary Agglomerations

4.3 Subordinate Settlements in Ancient Sources

4.4 Functions of Secondary Agglomerations

4.5 Network Analysis of the Settlement System of the Hispaniae

Chapter V

MONUMENTS FOR URBAN LIFESTYLE

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Monumental Cities

5.3 Privileged Communities and Monumentality

5.4 Connectivity

Chapter VI

QUANTIFYING THE URBAN NETWORK

6.1 Introduction

6.2 City Sizes

6.3 Rank-Size Analysis

6.4 Geographical Distribution of Large and Small Cities

6.5 Geographical Overview and the Problem of Missing Sites

CONCLUSIONS

APPENDICES

Appendix I Self-governing Cities alphabetically

Appendix II Self-governing Communities with Evidence Table

Bibliography

Index

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Author(s)

Biography

Pieter Houten is a Research Fellow within the ERC-project LatinNow: Latinization of the North-western provinces at the University of Nottingham, UK, and the Centre for the Study of Ancient Documents at the University of Oxford, UK. He wrote his PhD thesis Civitates Hispaniae within the ERC-funded project ‘An Empire of 2000 Cities’ at Leiden University, Netherlands. His research focusses on urbanization and Latinization on the Iberian Peninsula in the Roman period.