Vernacular and Earthen Architecture: Conservation and Sustainability : Proceedings of SosTierra 2017 (Valencia, Spain, 14-16 September 2017) book cover
1st Edition

Vernacular and Earthen Architecture: Conservation and Sustainability
Proceedings of SosTierra 2017 (Valencia, Spain, 14-16 September 2017)

ISBN 9781138035461
Published August 31, 2017 by CRC Press
846 Pages

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Book Description

Vernacular architecture in general and earthen architecture in particular, with their rich variety of forms worldwide, are custodians of the material culture and identity of the peoples who built them. In addition, they are widely recognized as ancestral examples of sustainability in all their variants and interpretations, and the architecture of the present ought to learn from these when designing the sustainable architecture of the future. The conservation of these architectures – seemingly simple yet full of wisdom – is to be undertaken now given their intrinsic value and their status as genuine examples of sustainability to be learnt from and interpreted in contemporary architecture.

Vernacular and earthen architecture: Conservation and Sustainability will be a valuable source of information for academics and professionals in the fields of Environmental Science, Civil Engineering, Construction and Building Engineering and Architecture.

Table of Contents

Plenary lectures

Markers of earthen construction modern revival
H. Guillaud

The geography of earth building
M. Lewis

Vernacular earthen architecture

A sustainable repair process for heritage buildings in historic Jeddah
A.A. Adas & M.Y. Alaidaroos

Santal mud dwellings: Materials, construction and space typology
I. Ahmed

The study and analysis of the adaptation of earthen constructions in Hadhramaut (Yemen)
A.A. Alaidarous

Vernacular houses of Stratonikeia: Architectural typology, materials and techniques
O.B. Avsar & U.D. Genc

Ksar Taghit: Earthen architecture between authenticity and changes
T. Bachir Cherif & M. Aiche

Supplemented rammed earth in the northwestern regions of Valencia
L. Balaguer Garzón, L. García-Soriano & L. Villacampa Crespo

Earth construction in prehistoric settlements of southern Portugal
P. Bruno

Vernacular construction techniques and earth employ in Arg-e-Bam (Iran)
C. Cacciavillani, S. Rinaldi & M. Severini

Vernacular heritage in Mendoza (Cuyo region, Argentina)
S.A. Cirvini

Comparative evolution of vernacular mudbrick houses in the Nile Delta and Qurna (Luxor)
M. Correas Amador & C. Simpson

Tapiabrick: A digital platform on brick-supplemented rammed earth walls
V. Cristini & J.R. Ruiz Checa

The ancient caves from El Alguacilejo. Vernacular habitat and landscape of Gran Canaria, Spain
I. Díaz-Ramos & J. Manzano-Cabrera

Interpretation of sustainable desert architecture in Ghadames city, Libya
A. Eltrapolsi & H. Altan

Thermal performance and comfort of vernacular earthen buildings in Egypt and Portugal
J. Fernandes, M. Dabaieh, R. Mateus, S.M. Silva, L. Bragança & H. Gervásio

Earthen construction in Ourense, Galicia (Spain)
A. Fernández Palicio

Earthen vernacular architecture in Cuneo’s territories (Piedmont, Italy)
F. Fratini, S. Rescic, M. Mattone & L. Rovero

Vernacular earthen architecture and its restoration in the region of La Manchuela in Albacete (Spain)
L. García-Soriano

Earthen elements in the Iberian Peninsula: Cataloging and preliminary study
L. García-Soriano, L. Villacampa Crespo & F.J. Gómez-Patrocinio

Vernacular architecture in El Khorbat, Morocco. Evolution of the Igrems
T. Gil Piqueras, P. Rodríguez-Navarro & A. Pérez Vila

Examination of structural decay processes in adobe vernacular architecture in Spain
F.J. Gómez-Patrocinio, L. García-Soriano & L. Balaguer Garzón

Mid-century earthen architecture in Aotearoa New Zealand—a new vernacular?
M. Hall

Stone, clay and turf in architectural construction
B. Juvanec

Transforming Kasena houses and indigenous building technology in Burkina Faso
H. Kobayashi, T. Shimizu, M. Ito & S. Nakao

Earth and gypsum: From theory to practice in Spanish vernacular architecture
V. La Spina

Earthen roofs in the region of Murcia, Spain: La Azohía
F.J. López Martínez & V. La Spina

Material and typological characterization of the tighremt n’Aït Makhat (Morocco)
J.M. López-Osorio, S. Batani Sembak & L. Martínez Bernal

Mud architecture: Sustaining communities in cold desert regions of Northern India
A.K. Meel & G. Nanda

Earthen heritage in the USA: Approximation to constructive techniques
C. Mileto & F. Vegas López-Manzanares

SOSTierra Project. Initial results
C. Mileto, F. Vegas López-Manzanares, L. García-Soriano & V. Cristini

A method of cataloguing for the earthen architectural heritage in Santo Domingo neighborhood in Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas, Mexico
A. Parra Zebadúa & M. Genís Vinyals

Study and appreciation of earthen architecture in Valencia’s southern farmland
A. Pérez Vila

Mestizo and hybrid typologies. Vernacular rural housing in Colombia
Y. Pulgarín

Mexico’s central area earthen architecture. Rammed earth construction: Use and technique
D. Romero Olguín

Domestic wineries in the Urz-Vidriales countryside (Spain)
M. Ruiz-Bedia & A. Herrera Peral

Scottish earth building materials
M. Saez-Martinez & A. Leslie

Thinking about historic resources: A proposed guidance document
I.R. Stiegler, R. McManus, M. Achenza, M. al-Aidaroos, M. Beas, J. Bell, L. Cooke, M. Costi de Castrillo, A. Crosby, B. Esquivel, J. Hurd, B. Işik, P. Jerome, M. Lambert, T. Leiermann, C. Mileto, G. Shemdin, J. Vargas & F. Vegas

Historic cob structures in Moravia
Z. Syrová & J. Syrový

A study of pit houses with soil-covered roofs in a humid climate in Japan
T. Tsukidate

Traditional earthen architecture in Aragon, Spain
L. Villacampa Crespo, J.M. Sanz Zaragoza & L. García-Soriano

The use of natural materials and ancient building techniques: The case for rammed earth construction
E.L. Wagner

Wind and dwellings in the villages of Rincón de Ademuz, Valencia (Spain)
W. Ji

Rehabilitation of vernacular earthen architecture

Thermal insulation for a sustainable rehabilitation of traditional buildings
M. Achenza

Thermal assessment of the behavior of retrofitted rammed earth in central Catalonia
G. Barbeta, M.M. Pareta, M.A. Chamorro & M. Sabata

Using machine-dismantled cotton seed hulls in the making of light earth blocks
A. González & S. Cabrera

The systemic approach in the intervention on earthen architecture
J.L. González Moreno-Navarro, M. Genís Vinyals, B. Onecha Pérez & A. Casals Balagué

Kasbah Taourirt: Conserving earthen heritage in Morocco
B. Marcus, C. Cancino & M. Boussalh

Consumption study and energy optimization of a typical Valencian house
A. Martínez, R. Royo & S. Tormo

Maps, actors & local policies around earth buildings in Auvergne Rhône-Alpes
G. Paccoud, M. Chamodot, L. Génis, F. Gutiérrez, E. Mille, B. Rakotomamonjy, J. Avons-Bariot & D. Studer

Rammed earth buildings to meet Italian thermal regulation: Monitoring and sample tests
R. Pennacchio & G. Piccablotto

A pilot project, a tool for conserving the historic city of Cuenca, Ecuador
B. Rakotomamonjy, E. Sevillano Gutiérrez & E. Carnevale

Vernacular change in Brazil southeast region
M.A.P. Rezende, S.L.A. Braga, J.L.R. Vale & M.V.S. Peixoto

Investigating the preservation of vernacular earthen buildings of Louroujina (Akincilar) in North Cyprus
R. Sabri & H. Altan

Campiña Segoviana’s earthen heritage and conservation clues from Isère
E. Sevillano Gutiérrez & E. Camarasaltas Pérez

Transformation in the Kasena’s large earthen compound houses in Burkina Faso
T. Shimizu, S. Nakao, H. Kobayashi & M. Ito

Contemporary earthen architecture

Hassan Fathy’s humane considerations in design and the significance of New Gourna
A.G. Abdel Tawab

A temporary pavilion as a way to experiment with mud. The case of Roly Poly
L. Balboa Quesada & A.J. Jiménez Quesada

A home with roots. Construction process of an adobe contemporanean house
P. Bel-Anzué

A minus carbon eco-cycle earthen refugee shelter: A feasibility study
M. Dabaieh

Net Zero Energy straw bale & rammed earth design; cold climate case study
R. Davidson

Natural clay plasters: Checking regulations to characterization tests
A. González-Serrano, R. Rodríguez-García, L. Molina & M. Ponce

Terra nova—earthen architecture and modernity
F.M. Lorusso & S. Mecca

The school of Baasneere, the process of international cooperation
J.V. Maravilla Moreno & X. Ferragud Adam

CEB Factory for seismic resistant earthen architecture design in Nepal
F. Masso Ros

CEB production in social insertion workshops. An experience in Algemesí (Spain)
J. Nácher Martínez, J.V. Maravilla Moreno, X. Ferragud Adam & F.J. Gómez-Patrocinio

A case-study project of reinterpretation of local traditional techniques
J.R. Ruiz Checa & V. Cristini

Restoration of monumental earthen architecture

Restoration method on the southern wall of the Medieval access road to the Generalife
I. Bestué Cardiel, F.J. López Martínez & J.C. Molina Gaitán

The keep of the Alcázar of Carmona (Sevilla, Spain). Materials for the restoration of rammed earth walls
F.J. Blasco-López, J. Canivell, A. Graciani, J.J. Martín-del-Río & F.J. Alejandre

Rammed earth and formworks in Medieval fortifications in Castilla-La Mancha, Spain
F.J. Castilla, D. Gallego, J. Molero, C. Peña & D. Sanz

The Islamic wall of Mula (Spain): 3D reconstruction, restoration and musealization
P.E. Collado Espejo, J. García León, V. La Spina & J. Fernández Del Toro

The use of lime, an example of good practices in the conservation of cultural heritage built on earth
R. Fernández Baca Casares, M. García de Casasola Gómez, E. Ontiveros Ortega, B. Castellano Bravo & P. Santana Martín

Earth in historical fortifications. Pedro de Lucuze’s method
L. Gimeno Romero, L. Cortés Meseguer & S. Tormo Esteve

PREFORTI project: The preventive conservation of historic rammed-earth
M.L. Gutiérrez-Carrillo, I. Bestué Cardiel, J.C. Molina Gaitán & J.A. Martínez López

3D modelling for the interpretation of watchtowers between capes of San Antonio and La Nao (Alicante, Spain)
F. Juan-Vidal & P. Rodríguez-Navarro

Earthen architecture, appreciation and landscape: The oasis of Ferkla (Morocco)
F. Juan-Vidal & T. Gil Piqueras

New technology for analysis of the chapel of Santa María, Coahuila, Mexico
R. López de Juambelz, A.S. Rodríguez Cepeda & M.Á. Sorroche Cuerva

Implementing a GIS for cataloguing Medieval defensive earth architecture
E. Molero, M.L. Gutiérrez-Carrillo & J. Garrido

The defense of the technique of rammed earth made by Giovanni Battista Antonelli in 1560
P. Rodríguez-Navarro

An approach to earthen fortifications in villages of La Serranía (Valencia, Spain)
F. Roger

The first rammed earth wall in America. Earth in 16th-century Dominican architecture
M.Á. Sorroche Cuerva

The preservation of the Nubian earthen architecture
G. Torra i Campos, I. García Alonso, M. Cressent & O. Hasabelrasoul Ahmed

Constructive analysis of the rammed earth walls in the Petrés Castle (Valencia, Spain)
F. Vegas López-Manzanares, C. Mileto, F.J. Gómez-Patrocinio & A. Pérez Vila

Seismic Retrofitting Project: On-site retrofitting techniques workshops
K.H. Wong, C. Cancino, J.C. Menendez & L. Villacorta Santamato

Lessons from vernacular heritage for a sustainable contemporary architecture

Conservation of vernacular architecture, the case of the old town of Nablus/Palestine
E.M. Amad

The habitat of the nomadic shepherds in the Jbel Saghro, Morocco
J. Asencio Juncal, G. Cudeiro Baiguera, P. Iranzo Navas, M.A. Porras Díaz & S. Pino Martín

Vernacular nomadic architecture in the Mgoun Valley, High Atlas (Morocco)
J. Asencio Juncal, J. Ingelmo Moyano & J. Ramírez Bandera

Casa de los Cinteros: Constructive analysis of a traditional house in northern Valencia
L. Balaguer Garzón & S. Traver

S. Jerónimo de Cotalba. Strategies for the preservation of the monastic complex
J.M. Barrera Puigdollers & N. Matarredona Desantes

Life cycle assessment for the earthen heritage center (Pabillonis, Sardinia)
A. Bonoli, S. Rizzo, M. Tomasi & A. Vado

The Tiburtino II district in Rome (Italy). Proposals for preserving the modern architecture
C. Careccia, T. De Gennaro & M.G. Rizzi

Vernacular tradition and modernity. New scenarios in urban living
R. Chimirri

Sustainable proposal for the conservation of Castillejo of Monteagudo (Murcia, Spain)
P.E. Collado Espejo & M.J. Serrano Latorre

Perceptions of earth in the age of global architecture
J. Dahmen

Is it useless rubble or recyclable building material?
B. del Cueto

Understanding the vernacular heritage to design sustainable habitats in Asni, Morocco
L. Dipasquale & D. Giorgi

A survey of Danish earthen heritage for sustainable building
B.T. Eybye & I. Vestergaard

Lessons of sustainability from the survey of the Valencian barraca
Y. Hernández Navarro & P. de Dato

Restoration of the church of the Immaculate Conception in El Llano, Alajuela, Costa Rica
I. Hernández Salazar

When the neo-vernacular architecture inspires the contemporary conception
S. Kersenna & S. Chaouche

Characteristics of earthen architecture in Ağlasun
V.B. Kurtulus, E.Ç. Asrav, N. Şahin Güçhan & G. Bilgin Altınöz

The painted facades and the urban landscape of Bisceglie, Italy. Notes of history and restoration
A. La Notte

Set of nine cave houses in La Algueña, Alicante (Spain). Renewal proposal
A. Martínez Antón, G. López Patiño, V. Blanca Giménez & F. Aranda Navarro

The influence of rice cultivation in the architecture of Sueca’s village (Valencia, Spain)
C. Masó Vendrell

In situ monitoring and characterisation of earthen envelopes: A review
M.A. Mellado Mascaraque, F.J. Castilla Pascual, I. Oteiza & F. Martín-Consuegra

Study of the situation of traditional constructive techniques and materials in Spain
C. Mileto, F. Vegas López-Manzanares, V. Cristini & M.S. García Sáez

Vernacular housing and transformations at the Cordillera de Sama (Bolivia)
F. Moreno, C. Pérez de Guzmán & S. Santiago

Built heritage as catalysts of environmental sustainability: A pragmatic paradigm for Anthropocene
A.P. Olukoya Obafemi

Adobe vernacular heritage in Mexicali, Mexico
D. Olvera, L. Mendoza & L. Guerrero

Balconies in traditional urban architecture through typology and solar radiation
P. Privitera

The Chilean adobe as a seismic vernacular technology, the study of the “Norte Chico” area
A. Rivera Vidal

Tracking down constructive techniques: Farmhouses preliminary studies
F. Romero Iglesias, M. Martínez Lledó & V. Cristini

Water-related built heritage in Campania, Italy. Knowledge for conservation of a sustainable vernacular architecture
V. Russo, S. Pollone, G. Ceniccola & L. Romano

From vernacular to contemporary: Kilwa (Tanzania) and Albreda (The Gambia) tourist information centres
N. Sánchez Muñoz & S. Moriset

Passive design principles in vernacular architecture of Castilla-La Mancha, Spain
A.B. Serrano Lanzarote, M. Navarro Escudero, L. Ramírez Pareja & C. Mateo Cecilia

Local pre-industrial communities in Tuscany and the exploitation of water
D. Ulivieri

Contemporary earthen architecture in the northern temperate climate
I. Vestergaard & B.T. Eybye

Sustainability of rammed earth building tradition in Tepeyahualco, Mexico
M.A. Vizcarra & L.F. Guerrero

Structural analysis of vernacular architecture

Structural assessment of earthen walls using damage tests and models
A. Alonso Durá, A. Martínez Boquera & F.J. Gómez-Patrocinio

Planning for acceptable contemporary earth construction in South Africa
G. Bosman

Main church of the Cartuja de Vall de Christ, Altura (Spain). Analysis of the interventions
A. Carballal García

Thermal orthophotos and vernacular architecture: Surveying half-timber walls in Béjar, Spain
M. Diodato, S. Tormo Esteve & L. Balaguer Garzón

The influence of ambient conditions into rammed earth compressive strength
B. González-Sánchez, J.R. Rosell Amigó & A. Navarro Ezquerra

Acoustic test on adobe and rammed earth walls
P. Guillén Marzal

Experimental study of adobe walls with geogrid reinforced mud plaster
S. Invernizzi, M. Mattone, P. Vachey & M. Gentile

A preliminary study of CIPS as a consolidant for earthen cultural materials
I. Loo, C. Kyi, S. Collis, A. Jamieson & G. Price

Low-cost adobe structures with bamboo additives and bamboo frames. Strength tests
M. Paradiso, F. Bizzeti, E. Perria, A. Farigu & O. Lotti

Experimental analysis of compressive mechanical behavior of adobe masonry
J.D. Rodríguez Mariscal & M. Solís Muñiz

Stabilisation of earthen surfaces using carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.)
J. Romero & G. Barbeta

Advanced study of the mechanical properties of compressed earth block
G. Ruiz, X.X. Zhang, L. Garijo, I. Cañas & W.A. Fouad

Seismic analysis of Portuguese adobe buildings
L. Sarchi, R. Monteiro & H. Varum

Improved 2nd order holder. Method for heat transfer calculation for walls
L. Soto Francés, B. Serrano Lanzarote, L. Ortega Madrigal & J.M. Pinazo Ojer

Schematic analysis of traditional Vietnamese houses under the influence of Han culture
W.J. Wang

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Camilla Mileto is architect (IUAV, Venice, Italy) and professor at the Universitat Politècnica of València - UPV (Spain), where she teaches architectural conservation both in graduate and postgraduate courses. She is presently director of the Master of Architectural Conservation at the UPV. She has been guest lecturer in the universities of Venice, Milano, Firenze and Palermo (Italy), Cordoba (Argentina) and the University of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia, USA). She is codirector of the journal Loggia and has extensively published on architectural heritage. She has received several international awards for her research, projects and built work.

Fernando Vegas is architect (UPV, Valencia, Spain) and professor at the Universitat Politècnica of València (Spain), where he teaches architectural conservation and composition both in graduate and postgraduate courses. Together with Camilla Mileto, he coordinates de Unitwin UNESCO Chair for Earthen Architecture, Constructive Cultures and Sustainable Development in Spain. He has been guest lecturer in several international universities. He is codirector of the journal Loggia and has extensively published on architectural heritage. He has received several international awards for their research, projects and built work.

Lidia García-Soriano is architect by ETSA -UPV (2010), Master in Conservation of Architectural Heritage (2013) and PhD in architecture from the UPV (2015). Currently, she is researcher at the Instituto de Restauración del Patrimonio in the Polytechnic University of Valencia (Spain). Her activity has focused on the scientific field of architectural heritage and its conservation, especially in the earthen architectural heritage and rammed earth architecture in particular, with several publications in these matters.

Valentina Cristini (PhD. Architect) is assistant professor at Faculty of Architecture of the Universitat Politècnica de València (Spain) where she has been working since 2005, starting as granted student researcher. She has been visiting professor in several European and Extra-European Universities and Institutions from the beginning of her career. Currently she teaches both in graduate and postgraduate courses (MSc. Pedagogy). She has extensively published papers and texts on architectural conservation and she has joined several studies, projects and interventions for the preservation of monuments and vernacular architecture as in Spain as abroad.