Describing the diversity and features of various vertebrate groups, ranging from the oldest living fishes to the relatively more recent evolution of mammals, this book covers anatomical systems including organs and tissues, as well as their function and differentiation in various vertebrate groups. The authors also discuss the evolution of vertebra
General Introduction to the Study of Vertebrates. Diversity, Distribution and Characteristics of Vertebrates. Organization of the Vertebrate Body. Skeletal System. Muscular System. Integument. Nutrition and Digestion. Respiratory System. Reproduction and Early. Developmental Biology. Circulatory System. Nervous System and Endocrine Organs. Sense Organs. Excretion and Osmoregulation. Evolution of Vertebrates.