This comprehensive volume brings together a diverse set of scholars to analyse candidate nomination, intra-party democracy, and election violence in Africa. Through a combination of comparative studies and country-specific case studies spanning much of Sub-Saharan Africa, including Kenya, Zambia, and South Africa, the authors shed light on violence during candidate nomination processes within political parties. The book covers several cases that vary significantly in terms of democracy, party dominance and competitiveness, and the institutionalization and inclusiveness of candidate selection processes.
The authors investigate how common violence is during candidate nomination processes; whether the drivers of nomination violence are identical to those of general election violence; whether nomination violence can be avoided in high risk cases such as dominant party regimes with fierce intra-party competition for power; and which subnational locations are most likely to experience nomination violence.
Through its focus on violence in nomination processes, this book firmly places the role of political parties at the centre of the analysis of African election violence. While adding to our theoretical and empirical understanding of nomination violence, the book contributes to the literature on conflict, the literature on democratization and democratic consolidation, and the literature on African political parties.
This book was originally published as a special issue of the journal Democratization.
1. Candidate nomination, intra-party democracy, and election violence in Africa Merete Bech Seeberg, Michael Wahman and Svend-Erik Skaaning
2. Battleground: candidate selection and violence in Africa’s dominant political parties Shane Mac Giollabhui
3. Fighting for a name on the ballot: constituency-level analysis of nomination violence in Zambia Edward Goldring and Michael Wahman
4. Electoral violence during party primaries in Kenya Fredrick O. Wanyama and Jørgen Elklit
5. Fighting your friends? A study of intra-party violence in sub-Saharan Africa Bryce W. Reeder and Merete Bech Seeberg
6. The Party Paradox: a Comment (February 20, 2018) Nicolas van de Walle
The journal, Democratization, emerged in 1994, during ‘the third wave of democracy’, a period which saw democratic transformation of dozens of regimes around the world. Over the last decade or so, the journal has published a number of special issues as books, each of which has focused upon cutting edge issues linked to democratization. Collectively, they underline the capacity of democratization to induce debate, uncertainty, and perhaps progress towards better forms of politics, focused on the achievement of the democratic aspirations of men and women everywhere.