Violence and the Third World in International Relations is intended as a contribution to the decolonization of international relations, and especially of international security studies, much of which is dominated by a self-sustaining Eurocentrism.
Rather than focusing on the motivations of violence, this volume is concerned with the devastating and debilitating consequences of war against the Third World. Contributors delve into the violent structuring of Third World societies during colonialism, the Cold War, and globalization. A wide range of topics are systematically examined, including, but not restricted to, the role of racism in the construction of the international system; evangelical universalism and colonial conquest in Africa; American civilizational security as Grand Strategy in Asia; the colonial roots of guerrilla war in India; the widespread suffering and death inflicted on Iraqis through sanctions; violence against indigenous peoples in Colombia related to ‘war capitalism’; the complicated legacies of genocide in Cambodia; the Saudi-led, (US and UK backed) war against Yemen; the relationalities between violence in the US and the Third World during Obama’s presidency; the structural location of gang violence in Central America in the aftermath of foreign intervention; and a broader understanding of security and insecurity in the Caribbean.
Violence and the Third World in International Relations will be of particular interest to scholars of international relations, international security studies, and race and international relations. This book was originally published as a special issue of Third World Quarterly.
1. Violence and ordering of the Third World: an introduction
Randolph B. Persaud and Narendran Kumarakulasingam
2. Scientific racism, race war and the global racial imaginary
Alexander D. Barder
3. Evangelical violence: Western Christianity and the use of force against the Third World
4. The horror of ‘horrorism’: laundering metropolitan killings
5. Killing the Third World: civilisational security as US grand strategy
Randolph B. Persaud
6. Manhunt Presidency: Obama, race, and the Third World
7. A ‘synchronised attack’ on life: the Saudi-led coalition’s ‘hidden and holistic’ genocide in Yemen and the shared responsibility of the US and UK
Jeffrey S. Bachman
8. Violence on Iraqi bodies: decolonising economic sanctions in security studies
Mariam Georgis and Riva Gewarges
9. Colonial legacies, armed revolts and state violence: the Maoist movement in India
10. Corporate power, US drug enforcement and the repression of indigenous peoples in Latin America
11. The violence work of transnational gangs in Central America
María José Méndez
12. The coloniality of abridgment: afterlives of mass violence in Cambodia and the US
13. The nexus between vulnerabilities and violence in the Caribbean
W. Andy Knight
THIRDWORLDS will focus on the political economy, development and cultures of those parts of the world that have experienced the most political, social, and economic upheaval, and which have faced the greatest challenges of the postcolonial world under globalisation: poverty, displacement and diaspora, environmental degradation, human and civil rights abuses, war, hunger, and disease.
THIRDWORLDS serves as a signifier of oppositional emerging economies and cultures ranging from Africa, Asia, Latin America, Middle East, and even those ‘Souths’ within a larger perceived North, such as the U.S. South and Mediterranean Europe. The study of these otherwise disparate and discontinuous areas, known collectively as the Global South, demonstrates that as globalisation pervades the planet, the south, as a synonym for subalterity, also transcends geographical and ideological frontiers.