Given the destruction and suffering caused by more than four years of industrialised warfare and economic hardship, scholars have tended to focus on the nationalism and hatred in the belligerent countries, holding that it led to a fundamental rupture of any sense of European commonality and unity. It is the central aim of this volume to correct this view and to highlight that many observers saw the conflict as a ‘European civil war’, and to discuss what this meant for discourses about Europe. Bringing together a remarkable range of compelling and highly original topics, this collection explores notions, images, and ideas of Europe in the midst of catastrophe.
Jan Vermeiren and Matthew D’Auria
Decadence, Messianism, and Redemption: Thinking Europe’s Apocalypse, 1914–1918
In Defence of Europe: Russia in German Intellectual Discourse, 1914-1918
Europe in the German Pacifists’ Discourse during the Great War
A New World? German and French Debates about America and Europe during the First World War
Élie Faure, his Visions of War and his Image of Europe
Max Waechter, Anglo-German rapprochement and the European Unity League, 1906–1924
‘La Jeune Europe’: Masses, Anti-militarism and Moral Reformation in the Banfi-Caffi Correspondence (1910-1919)
Eagle and Dwarf: Polish Concepts of East Central Europe, 1914–1921
Ideas of Europe in Neutral Spain (1914-1918)
Maximiliano Fuentes Codera
Europe under Threat: Visual Projections of Europe in Raemaekers’ First World War Cartoons
The Tenacity of European Self-Esteem at the Time of the First World War: Examples from Architecture and the Visual Arts
The Legacy of War and the Idea of Europe in the 1920s
In 1944, the Italian philosopher Benedetto Croce called his fellow scholars to de-nationalise the study of the past, overcoming the cast in which history had been shaped from the nineteenth century onwards and that had contributed to make the nation a seemingly natural and everlasting phenomenon. Indeed, the scholarly community has had to wait more than half a century for the so-called transnational turn, which has led to many new insights but focused primarily on political and social developments. Considering the renewed interest in intellectual and conceptual history, the aim of ‘Ideas beyond Borders’ is to contribute to a new understanding of the ways in which ideas, discourses, images, and representations have been shaped transnationally, going beyond national, regional, or civilisational borders. The series focuses on transnational concepts and notions, such as Europe, civilisation, pan-region, etc. The timespan ranges, roughly, from the sixteenth century to the present day.