This book deals with theoretical bases of the modern optics division concerned with coherent light fields with singularities characterized by phase uncertainty. Singular light fields include laser vortex beams or beams that carry orbital angular momentum. Laser vortex beams that have been introduced in optics in recent years are discussed in detail. Among them, of special notice are families of asymmetric laser vortex beams that, while being devoid of radial symmetry, remain unchanged upon propagation. What makes the laser vortex beams especially interesting is the ability to preserve their structure while propagating in a scattering medium or through a turbulent atmosphere. The orbital angular momentum is an extra degree of freedom of laser vortices because beams with different topological charge can be utilized as independent channels for data transmission in wireless communications. Laser vortex beams are generated from conventional Gaussian beams using liquid crystal light modulators, which are now readily available at any optical laboratory.
1. A Spiral Phase Plate for an Optical Vortices Generation. 2. Elliptic Laguerre-Gaussian Beams. 3. Hypergeometric Vortices. 4. Nonparaxial Hankel-Bessel Laser Beam. 5. Acceleration Laser Beams. 6. Hermite-Gaussian Vortices. 7. Asymmetric Laser Bessel Beams. 8. Pearcey Laser Beams. 9. Asymmetric Gaussian Vortices. 10. Perfect Vortices. 11. Hankel Optical Vortices.