During the First World War, Cemal Pasha attempted to establish direct control over Syrian and thereby reaffirm Ottoman authority there through various policies of control, including the abolishment of local intermediaries.
Elaborating on these Ottoman policies of control, this book assesses Cemal Pasha’s policies towards different political groups in Syrian society, including; Arabists, Zionists, Christian clergymen and Armenian immigrants. The author then goes on to analyse Pasha’s educational activities, the conscription of Syrians- both Muslim and Christian, and the reconstruction of the major Syrian cities, assessing how these policies contributed to his attempt to create ideal Ottoman citizens.
An important addition to existing literature on the social and political history of World War I, and contributing a new understanding of Ottoman Syria, and its transformation into a nation-state, this book will be of interest to students and scholars with an interest in state formation, Politics and History.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Multiple Backgrounds 1 Elimination of the “Arabist Barrier”: Cemal Pasha and the Arabist Movement 2 Assertion of the State Authority Over Secondary, Local and Autonomous Structures 3 “From a Dangerous Multitude into a Harmless Minority”: The Treatment of the Armenians in Syria 4 Struggling Against Foreign Influence for “Full Independence” 5 In the Pursuit of Ideal Cities and Citizens 6 The Druze and the Bedouin Under Cemal Pasha’s Regime 7 War, Famine and Epidemics 8 Cemal Pasha's Undoing in Syria Conclusion
M. Talha Çiçek is Assistant Professor at Istanbul Medeniyet University, Turkey. His research interests include; History of the Modern Middle East, Islamic History, Late Ottoman History and Historiography, Socio-Political History of Ottoman Syria and Arabia, Arab Tribes under the Ottoman Rule, Modern Turkish History, and World History.