Waste Management Practices: Municipal, Hazardous, and Industrial, Second Edition, 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Waste Management Practices

Municipal, Hazardous, and Industrial, Second Edition, 2nd Edition

By John Pichtel

CRC Press

682 pages | 264 B/W Illus.

Purchasing Options:$ = USD
Hardback: 9781466585188
pub: 2014-02-26
SAVE ~$38.00
$190.00
$152.00
x
eBook (VitalSource) : 9780429103087
pub: 2014-02-26
from $114.00


FREE Standard Shipping!

Description

Waste Management Practices: Municipal, Hazardous, and Industrial, Second Edition addresses the three main categories of wastes (hazardous, municipal, and "special" wastes) covered under federal regulation outlined in the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), an established framework for managing the generation, transportation, treatment, storage, and disposal of several forms of waste.

Focusing on integrating the technical and regulatory complexities of waste management, this book covers the historical and regulatory development of waste management and the management of municipal solid wastes. It also addresses hazardous wastes and their management, from the perspectives of identification, transportation, and requirements for generators as well as the treatment, storage, and disposal facilities.

Features:

  • Covers the three main categories of wastes under regulation in the United States
  • Incorporates an extensive set of problems, presented at the end of several chapters as appendices
  • Includes numerous review/homework questions at the end of each chapter
  • Highlights special categories of waste that may not fit precisely into either RCRA Subtitle D (Solid Wastes) or Subtitle C (Hazardous Wastes)

In addition to the end-of-chapter problems provided in all chapters of this book, the text also contains practical exercises using data from field situations.

Waste Management Practices: Municipal, Hazardous, and Industrial, Second Edition is an ideal textbook or reference guide for students and professionals involved in the management of all three categories of wastes.

Reviews

"Using the key environmental headlines of the 1980s as the lead-in to discuss waste management issues, the author has provided an engaging discussion of the subject. By explaining uncommon terms in short and simple words the author has made the text appealing and understandable to both professional and novice."

––Dr Syed E Hasan, University of Missouri-Kansas City

"I found Pichtel’s 2nd edition prepared with both practical and technical information, providing both breadth and depth knowledge for management of solid and hazardous waste. The book is comprehensive, starting with historical and regulatory background, and providing technical management knowledge for today’s solid and hazardous waste management challenges."

—Berrin Tansel, Florida International University

Table of Contents

Part I Historical and Regulatory Development

Introduction

Definition of a Solid Waste

Categories of Wastes

Generation of MSW

Solid Waste Management

Questions

References

Suggested Readings and Web Sites

A Brief History of Waste Management

Introduction

Earliest Civilizations

Greece

Rome

Europe

United States

Recent Waste Management Initiatives

Solid Waste Incineration and Other Thermal Processes

Land Disposal and the Sanitary Landfill

Recycling/Reuse

Questions

References

Regulatory Development

Introduction

Significant US Legislation

Other Recent Laws Affecting Waste Management

Relationship of RCRA with Other Environmental Statutes

Laws, Regulations, and Other Actions at the Federal Level

Questions

References

Suggested Readings

Part II Municipal Solid Wastes

Characterization of Solid Waste

Introduction

Sampling Protocols for MSW

Variability Affecting Waste Sampling

Common Components in Municipal Solid Waste

Chemical Properties of MSW

Physical Properties of MSW

Questions

Exercise: Waste Characterization

References

Suggested Readings

Municipal Solid Waste Collection

Introduction

Developing a Waste Collection System

Logistics of the Collection Program

Questions

References

Suggested Readings

Recycling Solid Wastes

Introduction

Recycling Terminology

Recycling Progress and Statistics

Recovery and Markets for Components of the Waste Stream

Market Issues

Purity of Materials

Paper

Glass

Aluminum

Ferrous Metals

Plastics

Yard Waste

Food Waste

Tires and Rubber

Goals for the Nation

Questions

References

Suggested Readings

Municipal Solid Waste Processing: Materials Recovery Facilities

Introduction

The Materials Recovery Facility

Materials Recovery at MRF Unit Operations

Materials Separation and Processing at the MRF

Materials Flow in the MRF

The Contamination Issue

Environmental Control

Questions

References

Suggested Readings

Composting MSW

Introduction

Benefits of Composting

Overview of the Composting Process

The Role of Microorganisms in Composting

Factors Affecting the Composting Process

The Composting Stage

The Curing Stage

Environmental Concerns During Composting

Occupational Health and Safety Concerns During Composting

Facility Siting

Design

MSW Composting by Anaerobic Processes

Questions

Exercise: Soil and Groundwater Quality at a Composting Facility

References

Suggested Readings

Incineration of MSW

Introduction

Combustion Concepts

The Mass-Burn Incinerator

Environmental Considerations of Mass Burn

Air Pollution Control

Ash Quality from Mass Burn

Metals

Health Effects of Metals in Incinerator Ash

Leachability of Metals in Incinerator Ash

MSW Incineration in the United States: the Future

Refuse-Derived Fuel

Questions

References

Suggested Readings

The Sanitary Landfill

Introduction

Relevant Definitions under the RCRA Regulations

Siting the Landfill

Requirements of Operation

Receipt of Hazardous Waste

Inspections

Training

Landfill Design

Clay Liners

Hydraulic Conductivity

Geomembrane Liners

Compatibility of Liners with Wastes

Survivability Tests

Permeability

Stress

Geomembrane Liner Handling and Placement

Construction Quality Assurance

Daily Operations and Issues

Trace Gases

Landfill Gas Control

Gas Utilization

Other Air Criteria

Public Access

Control of Run-On and Runoff

Management of Surface Water

Restrictions on Liquids in Landfills

Leachate Formation

Geosynthetic Materials

Collection Laterals

Sumps

Leachate Treatment

Groundwater Monitoring and Corrective Action

Record Keeping

Closure

Postclosure

The Bioreactor Landfill

Landfill Reclamation

Questions

Exercise: Groundwater Quality at a Midwest

References

Suggested Readings

Part III Hazardous Waste Management

Identification of Hazardous Waste

Introduction

The RCRA Subtitles

Subtitle C: the Hazardous Waste Management Program

Definition of a Solid Waste

Generation of Hazardous Wastes

Questions

References

Suggested Readings and Web Sites

Hazardous Waste Generator Requirements

Introduction

Determining the Generator Category

Generator Types

Requirements for LQGs and SQGs

Requirements of CESQGs

Questions

Appendix: Hazardous Waste Management Scenarios

References

Suggested Readings and Web Sites

Hazardous Waste Transportation

Introduction

Modes of Hazardous Waste Transportation

Transportation Requirements

Emergency Response Information

Segregation

Hazardous Materials Incidents

Appendix: Hazardous Waste Management Scenarios

References

Suggested Readings

Treatment, Storage, and Disposal Facility Requirements

Introduction

Subpart A—General issues Regarding Treatment, Storage, and Disposal

Subpart B—General Facility Standards

Subpart C—Preparedness and Prevention

Subpart D—Contingency Plan and Emergency Procedures

Subpart E—Manifest System, Record Keeping, and Reporting

Subpart F—Releases from Solid Waste Management Units

Subpart G—Closure and Postclosure

Closure Plan

Questions

Appendix: Hazardous Waste Management Scenarios

References

Suggested Readings and Web Sites

Incineration of Hazardous Wastes

Introduction

Combustion and its Residues

Overview of Regulatory Requirements

Combustion Standards under RCRA, Subpart O

Mact Standards under the CAA

Incineration Devices

Air Pollution and its Control

Questions

References

Suggested Readings

Hazardous Waste Treatment

Introduction

Land Disposal Restrictions

Waste Treatment Prior to Land Disposal

Questions

References

Suggested Readings

Land Disposal of Hazardous Waste

Introduction

The Land Disposal Restrictions Revisited

The Secure Landfill

Deep Well Injection of Hazardous Wastes

Questions

References

Suggested Readings

Part IV Special Categories of Waste

Universal Wastes

Introduction

Universal Wastes Defined

Categories of Universal Waste Handlers

Management of Universal Wastes

Response to Releases

Tracking Universal Waste Shipments

Small Quantity Handlers of Universal Waste

Universal Waste Transporters

Destination Facilities

Responsibility of the States

Questions

References

Further Readings and Web Sites

Management of Used Oil

Introduction

Production and Properties of Lubricating Oils

Chemical Composition of Used Motor Oil

Chemical and Physical Changes of Oil During Engine Operation

Potential Hazards with Used Oil

History of Used Oil Management

Requirements of the Used Oil Management Standards

Used Oil Recycling Methods

Disposal

Questions

Appendix: Scenarios

References

Suggested Readings

Medical and Infectious Wastes

Introduction

The Medical Waste Tracking Act

Definitions and Sources of Medical Waste

Management of Medical Wastes Prior To Transport

Facility Operations

Types of Medical Waste Incinerators

Modes of Incinerator Operation

Advantages and Disadvantages of Incineration

Microbial Inactivation

Questions

References

Suggested Readings

Construction and Demolition Debris

Introduction

Characteristics of C&D Debris

Management of C&D Debris

Management of Selected C&D Waste Components

Reduction of C&D Debris

Deconstruction

Hazardous Materials

Questions

References

Suggested Readings

Electronics Waste

Introduction

Major Types of Electronic Equipment

Questions

References

Suggested Readings and Web Sites

Part V Appendix

About the Author

John Pichtel is a professor of natural resources and environmental management at Ball State University in Muncie, Indiana. He received his PhD in environmental science and his MS in soil chemistry/agronomy from The Ohio State University, and his BS in natural resources management from Rutgers University. His primary research and professional activities have been in management of hazardous and municipal wastes, remediation of contaminated sites, reclamation of mined lands, and environmental chemistry. He has authored or co-authored approximately 40 research articles. Pichtel has served as a consultant in hazardous waste management projects and has conducted environmental assessments and remediation research in the United States, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Finland, and Poland.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LAW034000
LAW / Environmental
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TEC009010
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Chemical & Biochemical
TEC010000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General