Waste Management and Resource Recovery: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Waste Management and Resource Recovery

1st Edition

By Charles R. Rhyner, Leander J. Schwartz, Robert B. Wenger, Mary G. Kohrell

CRC Press

544 pages

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Hardback: 9780873715720
pub: 1995-08-31
$230.00
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pub: 2017-12-14
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Description

This book provides a basic understanding of waste management problems and issues faced by modern society. Scientific, technical, and environmental principles are emphasized to illustrate the processes of municipal and industrial solid wastes and liquid wastes, and the nature of impacts resulting from waste dispersal and disposal in the environment. Economic, social, legal, and political aspects of waste management are also addressed.

Environmental issues and concerns receive thorough coverage in discussing waste reduction, resource recovery, and efficient and practical waste disposal systems. Other specific topics include recycling, physical and chemical processing, the biological treatment of waste solids, incineration, pyrolysis, and energy recover, hazardous wastes, and landfill management.The role of government and other institutions in waste management and resource recovery matters is also detailed. Discussion questions, worked examples, and end-of-chapter problems reinforce important concepts.

Waste Management and Resource Recovery is particularly suitable as a text in waste management courses in environmental science or engineering programs. It also works well as a reference for practitioners in the waste management field.

Table of Contents

Waste Management and Resource Conservation

Introduction

Historical Sketch of Waste Management

The Archaeology of Refuse

Resource Conservation

Risks Associated with Waste Management

Integrated Waste Management

Waste Management Terminology

Discussion Topics and Problems

Waste Generation

Overview

Municipal Solid Waste

Industrial Process Waste

Mining Waste

Agricultural Waste

Waste Densities and Volumes

Methods of Determining Quantity and Composition

Seasonal Variation of Solid Waste Quantities

Municipal and Industrial Wastewater

Discussion Topics and Problems

Collection and Transportation of Solid Waste

Overview

Productive Collection Systems

Collection of Recyclables

Collection Routing and Scheduling

Transport of Solid Waste

Facility Location Models

Other Mathematical Models in Waste Management

Discussion Topics and Problems

Solid Waste Source Reduction and Recycling

Overview

Solid Waste Source Reduction

Pre-Consumer and Post-Consumer Recyclable Waste

Markets for Recyclables

Paper Recycling

Metals Recycling

Plastics Recycling

Glass Container Recycling

Tire Recycling

Environmental Impacts of Recycling

Discussion Topics and Problems

Processing Solid Wastes and Recyclable Materials

Overview

Process Modeling

Shredding

Separation by Particle Size

Separation by Density

Separation by Inertia

Magnetic Separation

Optical/Infrared/X-Ray Sorting

Volume Reduction

Discussion Topics and Problems

Wastewater Treatment

Overview

Preliminary Treatment (Screening and Grit Removal)

Primary Treatment (Sedimentation)

Secondary Treatment (Biological Treatment)

Tertiary Treatment (Advanced Treatment)

Disinfection

Sludge Thickening and Dewatering

Discussion Topics and Problems

Biological Treatment of Waste Solids

Overview

The Organisms in Biological Treatment

Aerobic Decomposition

Anaerobic Decomposition

Anaerobic Treatment of Waste

Composting

Fermentation Processes in Waste Treatment

Discussion Topics and Problems

Incineration, Pyrolysis, and Energy Recovery

Overview

Principles of Incineration

Mass Burn Incinerators

Modular Incinerators

Refuse-Derived Fuel (RDF)

Fluid-Bed Incinderators

Pyrolysis

Energy Recovery

Air Emissions

Control of Air Emissions

Disposal of Ash

Discussion Topics and Problems

Landfilling of Wastes

Overview

Landfill Site Selection

Concepts of Groundwater Hydrology

Landfill Design

Liners

Landfill Operations

Landfilling Processed Waste

Codisposal of Wastes

Monofills

Site Closure and Post-Closure Care

Costs of Closure and Post-Closure Care

Discussion Topics and Problems

Landfill Leachate and Gas Management

Overview

The Decomposition of Landfilled Organic Waste

Leachate Composition and Characteristics

Estimating Leachate Quantity

Leachate Movement

Leachate Monitoring

Leachate Treatment

Landfill Gas Production

Gas Movement and Control

Gas Monitoring

Gas Utilization

Discussion Topics and Problems

Application of Wastewater and Biosolids to Land

Overview

Wastewater to Land

Slow Rate (Irrigation) Process

Rapid Infiltration Process

Overland Flow Process

Constructed Wetlands

Land Application of Waste Solids

Pathogen and Vector Control in Sludge

Loading Rates When Waste Solids Are Applied to Agricultural Land

Future Prospects for Land Application of Sewage Sludge and Other Types of Waste Solids

Discussion Topics and Problems

Hazardous Waste

Overview

Characterization of Hazardous and Toxic Waste

Hazardous Waste Generators

Transporting Hazardous Waste

Treatment of Hazardous Waste

Disposal of Hazardous Waste

Minimization of Hazardous Waste Quantities

Cleanup of Contaminated Waste Sites (Superfund)

International Aspects of Hazardous Waste Management

Household Hazardous Waste

Discussion Topics and Problems

Costs and Management of Waste Facilities and Systems

Overview

Capital and Operating Costs of Facilities

Life Cycle Cost Analysis

Fee Policies

Ownership and Operation of Waste Facilities

Financing of Facilities

Management Responsibilities

Discussion Topics and Problems

Glossary

Appendices

Factors for Conversion of Units

Typical Densities of Recyclable Materials

U.S. Federal Laws Related to Waste Management

Municipal Solid Waste Management: State-by-State

State Disposal Bans and Recycling Laws

Operating Biosolids Composting Facilities in the U.S.

Operating Municipal Waste-to-Energy Facilities in the U.S.

Proximate and Elemental (Ultimate) Analyses and Heating Values of Refuse Components

USEPA Analytical Methods for Chemical Parameters at Landfills

Information Sources

Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TEC009010
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Chemical & Biochemical
TEC010030
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / Water Supply