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Waste Management and Resource Recovery




ISBN 9780873715720
Published August 31, 1995 by CRC Press
544 Pages

 
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Book Description

This book provides a basic understanding of waste management problems and issues faced by modern society. Scientific, technical, and environmental principles are emphasized to illustrate the processes of municipal and industrial solid wastes and liquid wastes, and the nature of impacts resulting from waste dispersal and disposal in the environment. Economic, social, legal, and political aspects of waste management are also addressed.
Environmental issues and concerns receive thorough coverage in discussing waste reduction, resource recovery, and efficient and practical waste disposal systems. Other specific topics include recycling, physical and chemical processing, the biological treatment of waste solids, incineration, pyrolysis, and energy recover, hazardous wastes, and landfill management.The role of government and other institutions in waste management and resource recovery matters is also detailed. Discussion questions, worked examples, and end-of-chapter problems reinforce important concepts.
Waste Management and Resource Recovery is particularly suitable as a text in waste management courses in environmental science or engineering programs. It also works well as a reference for practitioners in the waste management field.

Table of Contents

Waste Management and Resource Conservation
Introduction
Historical Sketch of Waste Management
The Archaeology of Refuse
Resource Conservation
Risks Associated with Waste Management
Integrated Waste Management
Waste Management Terminology
Discussion Topics and Problems
Waste Generation
Overview
Municipal Solid Waste
Industrial Process Waste
Mining Waste
Agricultural Waste
Waste Densities and Volumes
Methods of Determining Quantity and Composition
Seasonal Variation of Solid Waste Quantities
Municipal and Industrial Wastewater
Discussion Topics and Problems
Collection and Transportation of Solid Waste
Overview
Productive Collection Systems
Collection of Recyclables
Collection Routing and Scheduling
Transport of Solid Waste
Facility Location Models
Other Mathematical Models in Waste Management
Discussion Topics and Problems
Solid Waste Source Reduction and Recycling
Overview
Solid Waste Source Reduction
Pre-Consumer and Post-Consumer Recyclable Waste
Markets for Recyclables
Paper Recycling
Metals Recycling
Plastics Recycling
Glass Container Recycling
Tire Recycling
Environmental Impacts of Recycling
Discussion Topics and Problems
Processing Solid Wastes and Recyclable Materials
Overview
Process Modeling
Shredding
Separation by Particle Size
Separation by Density
Separation by Inertia
Magnetic Separation
Optical/Infrared/X-Ray Sorting
Volume Reduction
Discussion Topics and Problems
Wastewater Treatment
Overview
Preliminary Treatment (Screening and Grit Removal)
Primary Treatment (Sedimentation)
Secondary Treatment (Biological Treatment)
Tertiary Treatment (Advanced Treatment)
Disinfection
Sludge Thickening and Dewatering
Discussion Topics and Problems
Biological Treatment of Waste Solids
Overview
The Organisms in Biological Treatment
Aerobic Decomposition
Anaerobic Decomposition
Anaerobic Treatment of Waste
Composting
Fermentation Processes in Waste Treatment
Discussion Topics and Problems
Incineration, Pyrolysis, and Energy Recovery
Overview
Principles of Incineration
Mass Burn Incinerators
Modular Incinerators
Refuse-Derived Fuel (RDF)
Fluid-Bed Incinderators
Pyrolysis
Energy Recovery
Air Emissions
Control of Air Emissions
Disposal of Ash
Discussion Topics and Problems
Landfilling of Wastes
Overview
Landfill Site Selection
Concepts of Groundwater Hydrology
Landfill Design
Liners
Landfill Operations
Landfilling Processed Waste
Codisposal of Wastes
Monofills
Site Closure and Post-Closure Care
Costs of Closure and Post-Closure Care
Discussion Topics and Problems
Landfill Leachate and Gas Management
Overview
The Decomposition of Landfilled Organic Waste
Leachate Composition and Characteristics
Estimating Leachate Quantity
Leachate Movement
Leachate Monitoring
Leachate Treatment
Landfill Gas Production
Gas Movement and Control
Gas Monitoring
Gas Utilization
Discussion Topics and Problems
Application of Wastewater and Biosolids to Land
Overview
Wastewater to Land
Slow Rate (Irrigation) Process
Rapid Infiltration Process
Overland Flow Process
Constructed Wetlands
Land Application of Waste Solids
Pathogen and Vector Control in Sludge
Loading Rates When Waste Solids Are Applied to Agricultural Land
Future Prospects for Land Application of Sewage Sludge and Other Types of Waste Solids
Discussion Topics and Problems
Hazardous Waste
Overview
Characterization of Hazardous and Toxic Waste
Hazardous Waste Generators
Transporting Hazardous Waste
Treatment of Hazardous Waste
Disposal of Hazardous Waste
Minimization of Hazardous Waste Quantities
Cleanup of Contaminated Waste Sites (Superfund)
International Aspects of Hazardous Waste Management
Household Hazardous Waste
Discussion Topics and Problems
Costs and Management of Waste Facilities and Systems
Overview
Capital and Operating Costs of Facilities
Life Cycle Cost Analysis
Fee Policies
Ownership and Operation of Waste Facilities
Financing of Facilities
Management Responsibilities
Discussion Topics and Problems
Glossary
Appendices
Factors for Conversion of Units
Typical Densities of Recyclable Materials
U.S. Federal Laws Related to Waste Management
Municipal Solid Waste Management: State-by-State
State Disposal Bans and Recycling Laws
Operating Biosolids Composting Facilities in the U.S.
Operating Municipal Waste-to-Energy Facilities in the U.S.
Proximate and Elemental (Ultimate) Analyses and Heating Values of Refuse Components
USEPA Analytical Methods for Chemical Parameters at Landfills
Information Sources
Index

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