Water and Wastewater Conveyance: Pumping, Hydraulics, Piping, and Valves, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Water and Wastewater Conveyance

Pumping, Hydraulics, Piping, and Valves, 1st Edition

By Frank R. Spellman

CRC Press

423 pages | 161 B/W Illus.

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Description

Water and Wastewater Conveyance: Pumping, Hydraulics, Piping, and Valvesprovides fundamental, basic information on the conveyance of water and wastewater. Written in straight-forward and easy-to-understand language for professionals and non-professionals alike, it provides the techniques to assist water and wastewater operators to better understand basic pump operations and applications, maintenance regimens, and troubleshooting procedures. Addressing a multitude of water quality issues, it provides an introduction to water hydraulics, piping systems, tubes, hoses, and ancillaries as well as valves, and the maintenance requirements of each. It also discusses common operational problems and their appropriate corrective actions. Definitions of key terms and self-examination questions are provided at the end of each chapter.

Reviews

"The main strength of Water and Wastewater Conveyance: Pumping, Hydraulics, Piping, and Valves by Spellman lies in author’s writing style on ready-to-use procedural applications for non-technical audiences. It will serve as a nice introduction to further evolutionary expansion."

— Professor Jaewan Yoon,Old Dominion University, USA

"…a wealth of information, easily classified for the reader and many straight forward worked calculations."

— Brian Garvey, Athlone Institute of Technology, Ireland

Table of Contents

WATER AND WASTEWATER SOURCES AND CHARACTERISTICS

Potable Water Sources

Comparative Conveyance

Introduction

Hydrologic Cycle

Sources of Water

Surface

Groundwater

Groundwater under the Direct Influence of Surface Water

Surface Water Quality and Treatment Requirements

Public Water System Quality Requirements

Chapter Review Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Wastewater Sources and Characteristics

Wastewater Sources

Wastewater Characteristics

Wastewater Collection Systems

Chapter Review Questions

PUMPING

Pumping: Setting the Stage

Introduction

Archimedes’ Screw

Thought-Provoking Question

References and Recommended Reading

Basic Pumping Definitions and Calculations

Introduction

Basic Pumping Hydraulics

Basic Pumping Calculations

Pump Performance Curves

Pumps in Series and Parallel

Considerations for Pumping Wastewater

Types of Pumps Used in Water/Wastewater Treatment

Chapter Review Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Centrifugal Pumps

Introduction

Centrifugal Pump Description

Theory

Types of Centrifugal Pumps

Centrifugal Pump Characteristics

Water/Wastewater Applications

Chapter Review Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Centrifugal Pump Components

Introduction

Casing

Impellers

Wear Rings

Shafts, Sleeves, and Couplings

Stuffing Box and Seals

Bearings

Chapter Review Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Centrifugal Pump Operational Procedures

Introduction

Centrifugal Pump Installation

Startup

Normal Operation

Priming

Backflushing

Chapter Review Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Centrifugal Pump Maintenance and Troubleshooting Procedures

Introduction

Pump and Motor Lubrication

Purpose of Lubrication

Lubrication Requirements

Lubrication Procedures

Packing and Seal Replacement

Pump and Motor Bearing Inspection

Shaft and Coupling Alignment

Removal of Obstructions

Preventive Maintenance

Troubleshooting

Troubleshooting Centrifugal Pumps

Chapter Review Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Centrifugal Pump Modifications

Introduction

Submersible Pumps

Recessed Impeller or Vortex Pumps

Turbine Pumps

Chapter Review Questions

Positive Displacement Pumps

Introduction

Reciprocating Pumps

Rotary Pumps

Peristaltic Pumps

Chapter Review Questions

References and Recommended Reading

WATER HYDRAULICS

Well Systems and Pumps

Well Systems

Well Hydraulics

Well Evaluation

Well Pumps

Routine Operation and Recordkeeping Requirements

Well Maintenance

Well Abandonment

Chapter Review Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Water Hydraulics: What Is It?

Setting the Stage

The Stage Is Set

Basic Concepts

Units, Conversion Factors, and Formulas

Properties of Water

Force and Pressure

Head

Flow and Discharge Rates: Water in Motion

Water Hydraulics Practice Calculations

Chapter Review Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Bernoulli’s Theorem

Introduction

Conservation of Energy

Piezometric Surface

Bernoulli’s Theorem

Chapter Review Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Friction Head Loss and Wastewater Sediment Control

Introduction

Pipe and Open-Channel Flow Basics

Major Head Loss

Minor Head Loss

Wastewater Conveyance and Control of Sediment

Chapter Review Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Basic Piping and Open-Channel Hydraulics

Introduction

Piping Networks

Characteristics of Open-Channel Flow

Parameters Used in Open-Channel Flow

Open-Channel Flow Calculations

Chapter Review Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Flow Measurement

Introduction

Flow Measurement the Old-Fashioned Way

Basis of Traditional Flow Measurement

Flow Measuring Devices

Open-Channel Flow Measurement

Chapter Review Questions

References and Recommended Reading

PIPING

Piping System Basics

Delivering the Lifeblood of Civilization

Conveyance Systems

Importance of Conveyance Systems

Fluids vs. Liquids

Piping and Equipment Color Identification Code

Maintaining Fluid Flow in Piping Systems

Piping System Maintenance

Piping System Accessories

Piping System Temperature Effects

Piping System Insulation

Piping: The Basics

Metallic Piping

Nonmetallic Piping

Tubing

Industrial Hoses

Pipe and Tube Fittings

Chapter Review Questions

References and Recommended Reading

VALVES

Flow Control Devices

Definition and Function of Valves

Types of Valves

Valve Operators

Valve Maintenance

Piping System Protective Devices

Piping Ancillaries

Chapter Review Questions

References and Recommended Reading

REVIEW QUESTIONS

Comprehensive Review Questions

Glossary

Appendix: Answers to Chapter Review Questions

Index

About the Author

Frank R. Spellman, PhD, is a retired assistant professor of environmental health at Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia. He is the author of more than 90 books covering topics in environmental science and occupational health, and has been cited in more than 450 publications. Dr. Spellman holds a BA in public administration, a BS in business management, an MBA, and both an MS and a PhD in environmental engineering.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC010030
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / Water Supply