1st Edition

Wheat Science Nutritional and Anti-Nutritional Properties, Processing, Storage, Bioactivity, and Product Development

    452 Pages 3 Color & 37 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    452 Pages 3 Color & 37 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Globally, significant work has been done to enhance our current understanding of the nutritional and anti-nutritional properties, processing, storage, bioactivity, and product development of wheat, opening new frontiers for further improvement. Wheat Science: Nutritional and Anti-Nutritional Properties, Processing, Storage, Bioactivity, and Product Development addresses the topics associated with the advances in understanding the wheat biochemical, nutritional, and rheological quality. Improving crop varieties by either conventional breeding or transgenic methods to obtain nutritionally enhanced crops has the advantage of making a one-time investment in research and development to have sustainable products.


    • Includes topics associated with the nutritional composition and anti-nutritional properties
    • Addresses the effects of different processing technologies on flour yield and end products
    • Reviews the effects of storage on nutritional, baking and rheological quality, organoleptic quality, etc.

    Processing and storage technologies have impacted the nutritional quality and the bioavailability of nutrients in wheat. Due to its peculiar grain protein composition, especially gluten protein, wheat has extensive usage in making numerous end products, eaten round the clock. Researchers have demonstrated a significant effect of alteration of flour-processing technologies on the rheological quality of end products. This book provides a holistic understanding and covers recent developments of wheat science under one umbrella. Emphasis is placed on current trends and advances in nutritional and anti-nutritional properties, processing, storage, bioactivity, and product development. Additionally, efforts have been made to compile the available information on the application of different ingredients of wheat in the industry and pharma sectors. 

    1 Wheat: Origin, History, and Production Practices

    Sanjay Kumar Singh, Anju Mahendru Singh, Om Prakash Gupta, and Pradeep Kumar Singh

    2 Wheat Production, Trade, Consumption, and Stocks: Global Trends and Prospects

    Sendhil R., Kiran Kumara T. M., Ankita Kandpal, Binita Kumari, and Soumya Mohapatra

    3 Pre- and Post-Harvest Management of Wheat for Improving the Productivity, Quality, and Resource Utilization Efficiency

    Neeraj Kumar, Ganesh Upadhyay, Krishna Bahadur Chhetri, Harsha B. R., Gulshan Kumar Malik, Ravindra Kumar, Poonam Jasrotia, Shiv Ram Samota, Nitesh Kumar, R. S. Chhokar and S. C. Gill

    4 Contribution of Wheat in Global Food Security in Changing Climatic Conditions: Challenges Ahead and Coping Strategies

    Anil Kumar Dixit, Biswajit Sen, Shweta Bijla, Sanjit Maiti, and Babita Kathayat

    5 Nutritional Composition, Bioactive Compounds, and Phytochemicals of Wheat Grains

    Akhlash P. Singh

    6 Wheat-Based Anti-Nutritional Factors and Their Reduction Strategies: An Overview

    Vanita Pandey, Ajeet Choudhary, Neha Patwa, Ankush Choudhary, Om Prakash Gupta, Gopalareddy K., Sunil Kumar, Anuj Kumar, Sewa Ram, and Gyanendra Pratap Singh

    7 Wheat Milling and Recent Processing Technologies: Effect on Nutritional Properties, Challenges, and Strategies

    Manju Bala, Surya Tushir, Monika Garg, Maninder Meenu, Satveer Kaur, Saloni Sharma, and Sandeep Mann

    8 Effect of Storage Conditions on the Nutritional Quality of Wheat

    Nitin Kumar Garg, Chirag Maheshwari, Muzaffar Hasan, Amresh Kumar, Jaipraksh Bisen, Rakesh Kumar Prajapat, Nand Lal Meena, and Om Prakash Gupta

    9 Molecular Mechanisms of Major Bioactive Compounds for Human Health Benefits

    Arti Kumari, Nand Lal Meena, Prathap V., Jyoti Prakash Singh, Muzaffar Hasan, Chirag Maheshwari, Rakesh Kumar, Om Prakash Gupta, and Aruna Tyagi

    10 Micronutrient Biofortification in Wheat: Status and Opportunities

    Gopalareddy Krishnappa, H. M. Mamrutha, N. D. Rathan, Hanif Khan, C. N. Mishra, Vishnu Kumar, Krishna Viswanatha Reddy, Vanita Pandey, Rinki Khobra, Charan Singh, K. J. Yashavanthakumar, Suma Biradar, B. S. Tyagi, Gyanendra Singh, and Gyanendra Pratap Singh

    11 Techno-Functional Properties of Wheat-Based Food Products

    Rakesh Kumar Prajapat, Megha Sharma, Saurabh Joshi, Mukesh Saran, Nitin Kumar Garg, Nand Lal Meena, and Manas Mathur

    12 Gluten-Related Disorders: Current Understanding, Myths, and Facts

    Sunil Kumar, Ajeet Singh, Ankush, Akhlash P. Singh, Sewa Ram, Om Prakash Gupta, Vanita Pandey, Hanif Khan, Ramesh Soni, and Gyanendra Pratap Singh

    13 Application of Wheat and Its Constituents in Diverse Functional Food Products

    Hanuman Bobade, Harmandeep Kaur, and Deep Narayan Yadav

    14 Trends and Approaches of Wheat Flour and End-Product Fortification Technologies

    Rakesh Kumar Prajapat, Manas Mathur, Sarita Kumari, Sumit Kumar, Megha Sharma, Nitin Kumar Garg, Deepak Sharma, and Nand Lal Meena

    15 Molecular and Biotechnological Strategies for Improving Nutritional Quality of Wheat

    Divya Ambati, Rahul M. Phuke, Uday G. Reddy, Rahul Gajghate, Singh J. B., and Sai Prasad S. V.

    16 Wheat Biofortification and Mainstreaming Grain Zinc and Iron in CIMMYT Wheat Germplasm

    Velu Govindan, Ravi P. Singh, and Maria Itria Ibba


    Om Prakash Gupta is a Senior scientist (Plant Biochemistry) at ICAR-Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research, Karnal, Haryana, India. He obtained his M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees from ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi. He has been actively engaged in research and teaching in the field of wheat quality and molecular biology since 2008. His major research interests include small RNA's role during various biotic and abiotic stresses, molecular basis of Fe and Zn biofortification, nutritional and processing quality. Dr. Gupta has authored and coauthored in >80 research publications and serving as editorial board members of many peer-reviewed journals. Dr. Gupta is recipient of several academic awards including Jawaharlal Nehru Award for outstanding doctoral thesis by ICAR, and University Silver Medal, Aspee Gold Medal and Dr. Kirtikar Memorial Gold Medal, Chowdhary Charan Singh Memorial Award. He is fellow of the Society for Advancement of Wheat and Barley Research.

    Sunil Kumar is currently serving as Principal Scientist (Biochemistry) at Quality and Basic Science Division at ICAR-IIWBR, Karnal. He obtained his M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees from CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar in Biochemistry. He has served as Assistant Professor at MPUAT, Udaipur and as Assistant Scientist at CCSHAU, Hisar from 2005-2011 before joining ICAR as Senior Scientist and contributed towards teaching and research work. His areas of research interest are Plant biochemistry, antioxidative system and post-harvest biology. Throughout 16 years of service experience, he has worked/completed various institutional/externally funded research projects. He has also served as I/c PC KVK Fazilka. Dr. Sunil Kumar has 30 research papers (of international and national repute), one edited book and more than 50 other publications including technical bulletins, book chapters, conference abstracts, practical manuals and popular articles to his credit. Currently, he is actively involved in processing and nutritional quality of wheat using biochemical/molecular approaches, and wheat breeding program for high yield and wider adaptability in North Western Plains.

    Anamika Pandey is currently working in the capacity of Assistant Professor at Department of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Faculty of Agriculture, Selcuk University, Turkey. She is also handling a 1001 national project funded by The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK) related to the determination of novel genes regulating boron toxicity tolerance in some of the Poaceae family species. She earned her PhD degree in biotechnology from India. Her current research focuses on identifying the novel genes and transcriptional factors in wild wheat species which are responsible for making them tolerant towards different biotic and abiotic stress conditions. With a research experience of 14 years in plant molecular biology, she has published several articles in SCI indexed journals and is in the editorial and reviewer board of different reputed journals such as PLOS Sustainability and Transformation, BMC Plant Biology etc.

    Mohd. Kamran Khan is presently working as an Assistant Professor in Department of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Faculty of Agriculture, Selcuk University, Turkey. He obtained his PhD in Biotechnology from Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Allahabad, India. Dr. Khan has around fourteen years of research experience in the area of molecular biology and plant biotechnology. His research is evidenced by his publications in journals of international repute like AoB Plants, Frontiers in Plant Science, Plants, Plos One, 3 Biotech, Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution etc. He has more than 40 research publications with more than 250 citations including the chapters in edited books. He is on editorial and reviewer board of different reputed journals such as Plos One, Journal of Applied Genetics and Scientific Reports. The research interests of Dr. Khan include biochemical and molecular changes in crop plants especially wheat under different biotic and abiotic stress conditions. He is also interested in looking for the role of nanoparticles in regulating different abiotic stresses in plants.

    Sanjay Kumar Singh, an ARS, is Principal Scientist (Plant Breeding) at ICAR-Indian Institute of Wheat & Barley, Karnal, India. He was graduated with silver medal and post graduated with JS Aggarwal Memorial Gold medal from CSA University of Agriculture & Technology, Kanpur, UP and doctorate from BHU, Varanasi. He developed 24 wheat varieties for different agro-ecological conditions of the country and 49 genetic stocks for various traits in wheat. His area of expertise is wheat improvement for abiotic stresses and hybrid wheat. He successfully handled 35 research projects funded by CIMMYT-Mexico, DFID-UK, CSIRO-Australia, NFSM, DAC&FW, GoI, ICAR (CRP, AP Cess, NATP, Institute) & DIT, MoC&IT. He is also associated in coordination activities under AICRP-Wheat & Barley as Zonal Coordinator, Peninsular zone. He has accomplished assignment of Head, IIWBR-Regional Station, Dalang Maidan, Lahul Spiti, a national summer nursery facility. Dr Singh is Chair, Expert Working Group (EWG) on “Breeding Methods & Strategies” of the G-20 Wheat Initiative. He has more than 350 publications of national/international repute to his credit. He is recipient of several awards including ICAR-Lal Bahadur Shastri Young Scientist Award, 2007; UP-CST Young Scientist Award, 2008; VS Mathur Memorial Award, 2019 and S Nagarajan Memorial Award, 2020 and Fellow-ISGPB, ISPGR & SAWBAR. He has international exposure as Visiting Scientist to Mexico, USA, France, The Netherlands and Morocco. Dr Singh has very close linkages with KVKs, progressive farmers and seed growers and trained more than 1000 farmers/scientists to latest wheat technologies.

    Gyanendra Pratap Singh has vast experience in wheat research for more than 25 years. He has developed 37 wheat varieties and 34 genetic stocks suited to different agro climatic zones of the country. Dr. Singh has published more than 160 research and review papers in reputed peer journals. He is recipient of several prestigious awards such as Rafi Ahmed Kidwai award and BP Pal Gold Medal. He is fellow of many scientific academies and societies such as National Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Indian Society of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Society of Advancement of Wheat Research, Society for Scientific Development in Agriculture and Technology. He has actively organised several workshops and symposia and chaired many scientific sessions. He is actively involved in mobilization of wheat technologies from lab to farmer’s field.