This book applies a structural model of convenience theory to suspected crime and a maturity model to investigation reports. Evidence of white-collar convenience themes in each case study is derived from internal investigation reports by fraud examiners.
The study of white-collar offenders has received increased attention in recent years. This book contributes to our understanding of financial crime by privileged individuals in professional settings by identifying convenience themes for offenders. Based on the theory of convenience, the work presents a number of case studies to identify convenience in financial motive, organizational opportunity, and willingness for deviant behavior. Case studies presented are from Austria, Asia, Congo, Denmark, Germany, Norway, Sweden, and the United States.
The book will be of interest to researchers and academics in Law, Criminology, Business, and Sociology. It will also provide a valuable resource for fraud examiners, defense attorneys, police investigators, and prosecutors.
Table of Contents
PART I THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES
1 Characteristics of White-Collar Offenders
2 Theory of Offending Convenience
3 Internal Fraud Investigation Reports
PART II EMPIRICAL CASE STUDIES
4 Austria: Biathlon Union by IBU Commission
5 Congo: Mercy Corps Aid by Smith
6 Denmark: Danske Bank by Plesner
7 Denmark: Banedanmark by Kammeradvokaten
8 Denmark: Ejendomsstyrelse by Kammeradvokaten
9 Germany: Wirecard Banking by KPMG
10 Japan: Olympus by Kainaka
11 New Zealand: Fuji Xerox by Ito
12 Norway: Stamina Health Care by Salten
13 Norway: Equinor Energy by Bellona
14 Norway: Nittedal Mayor by Grimstad
15 Norway: Rogaland Roads by PwC
16 Sweden: Nasdaq Clearing by Finansinspektionen
17 USA: Apollo Global Management by Dechert
18 USA: University Berkeley by State Auditor
Petter Gottschalk is Professor in the Department of Leadership and Organizational Behavior at BI Norwegian Business School in Oslo, Norway. Dr. Gottschalk has published extensively on knowledge management, intelligence strategy, police investigations, white-collar crime, and fraud examinations.