Wildlife Habitat Management: Concepts and Applications in Forestry, Second Edition, 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Wildlife Habitat Management

Concepts and Applications in Forestry, Second Edition, 2nd Edition

By Brenda C. McComb

CRC Press

401 pages | 183 B/W Illus.

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Description

Shortlisted for the 2018 TWS Wildlife Publication Awards in the authored book category

In recent years, conflicts between ecological conservation and economic growth forced a reassessment of the motivations and goals of wildlife and forestry management. Focus shifted from game and commodity management to biodiversity conservation and ecological forestry. Previously separate fields such as forestry, biology, botany, and zoology merged into a common framework known as conservation biology and resource professionals began to approach natural resource problems in an interdisciplinary light.

Wildlife Habitat Management: Concepts and Applications in Forestry presents an integrated reference combining silvicultural and forest planning principles with principles of habitat ecology and conservation biology. With extensive references and case studies drawn from real situations, this book begins with general concepts such as habitat selection, forest composition, influences on habitat patterns, and the dynamics of disturbance ecology. It considers management approaches for specific habitats including even-aged and uneven-aged systems, riparian areas, and dead wood and highlights those approaches that will conserve and manage biodiversity. The author discusses assessment and prioritization policies, monitoring techniques, and ethical and legal issues that can have worldwide impact. Detailed appendices provide a glossary, scientific names, and tools for measuring and interpreting habitat elements. Writing in a species-specific manner, the author emphasizes the need to consider the potential effects of management decisions on biodiversity conservation and maintains a holistic approach throughout the book.

Drawing from the author’s more than 30 years working and teaching in natural resources conservation, Wildlife Habitat Management: Concepts and Applications in Forestry provides a synopsis of current preservation techniques and establishes a common body of knowledge from which to approach the conservation of biodiversity in the future.

Table of Contents

Introduction

What Is Habitat?

Forests as Habitat

Case Study: The Forests of British Columbia

Summary

References

Humans as a Forest-Dependent Species

Ecological Restoration and Ecosystem Services

Social Values Associated with Forests and Wildlife

Public Resources on Private Lands

Case Study: Environmental Activism and Effects on Habitat

Summary

References

Vertebrate Habitat Selection

Hierarchical Selection

Density-Dependent Habitat Selection

Relationship between Habitat Quality and Demographics

Measuring Habitat Selection

Proximate and Ultimate Cues to Habitat Quality

Case Study: American Marten Habitat Selection

Summary

References

Forest Structure and Composition

Food and Cover in a Cellulose-Managed System

Summary

References

Physical Influences on Habitat Patterns

The Physical Environment

Summary

References

Cultural Effects on Habitat Patterns

Land Use

Climate Change

Invasive Species

Synergistic Effects

Case Study: Passenger Pigeons, Humans, and Forests

Summary

References

Disturbance Ecology and Habitat Dynamics

Disturbance Size and Pattern

Disturbance Severity

Disturbance Frequency

Disturbance Frequency, Size, Severity Relationships

Stand Dynamics

Succession as a Continuum of Habitat Elements

Summary

References

Silviculture and Habitat Management: Even-Aged Systems

Silviculture as a Forest Disturbance

Characteristics of Even-Aged Stands

Case Study: Douglas-Fir Plantation

Summary

References

Silviculture and Habitat Management: Uneven-Aged Systems

Characteristics of Uneven-Aged Stands

Considering the Site Potential

Uneven-Aged Regeneration Methods

Natural Regeneration and Planting Options

Uneven-Aged Stand Development

Habitat Elements in Uneven-Aged Stands

Challenges to Using Uneven-Aged Methods

Nontraditional Management Approaches

Case Study: Managing a Small Privately Owned Forest

Summary

References

Desired Future Conditions

Developing the Stand Prescription

Case Study: Growing Red-Cockaded Woodpecker Habitat

Summary

References

Riparian Area Management

Animal Associations with Riparian Areas

Gradients within Riparian Zones

Riparian Functions

Riparian Buffers

Case study: Riparian Area Management in a Patchwork Ownership

Summary

References

Dead Wood Management

Primary Cavity Excavators

Secondary Cavity Users

Log Users

Patterns of Dead Wood Following Disturbance

Management of Tree Cavities and Dead Wood

Effects of Biofuels Management on Dead-Wood-Dependent Species

Summary

References

Managing Fire in Forests

Effects of Fire on Habitat Elements and Succession

Changing Fire Risk through Management

Summary

References

Urban Forests and Habitat Elements

Defining Urban Forests along an Urban-Rural Continuum

How Some Species Interpret the s’Built Environment?"

Finding Spaces for Habitat Management

Habitat Elements Limiting Species in Urban and Suburban Settings

Urban Streams and Wetlands

Urban Expansion, Wetlands, and Mitigation

Managing Trees, Parks, and Forests in Urban Settings

Summary

References

Landscape Structure and Composition

Living on the Edge

Habitat Fragmentation

Summary

References

Landscape Connections

Dispersal

Connectivity and Gap-Crossing Ability

Case Study: Matrix Management for a Wide-Ranging Species

Summary

References

Managing Woodlands in Agricultural Environments

Values of Woodlots to Landowners

Edge Effects in Agricultural Settings

Loss of Forests in Industrial Agricultural Settings

Field and Farm Management That Influences Woodlot Function

Specialty Crops and Agroforestry

Organic versus Traditional Agriculture

Multifunctional Landscapes

Certification of Agricultural Lands for Wildlife: The Role of Trees

Summary

References

Approaches to Biodiversity Conservation

What is Biodiversity?

Setting Biodiversity Goals

How Do We Conceptualize "Biodiversity" to Be Able to Conserve It?

Challenges to Managing Biodiversity

Summary

References

Landscape Management Plans

Establishing Goals

Current Conditions

Desired Future Conditions

Pathways to Desired Future Conditions

Developing the Landscape Management Plan

Plan Effectiveness

Summary

References

Ecoregional Assessments and Conservation Priorities

Ecoregional Assessments

Examples of Ecoregional Assessments

Aßeßing Patterns of Habitat Availability and Quality

Summary

References

Viable Populations in Dynamic Forests

Extinction Risks

Goals of PVAs

PVA Models

Conducting a PVA for a Forest-Associated Species

Examples of PVA Analyses

Model Errors and Uncertainties

Interpreting Results from PVA Projections

Summary

References

Monitoring Habitat Elements and Populations

Adaptive Management

Designing Monitoring Plans

Is Data Already Available and Sufficient?

Making Decisions with Data

Examples of Approaches to Monitoring

Summary

References

Forest Sustainability and Habitat Management

Defining the Resources to be Sustained

Scales of Sustainability

Humans are Part of the System

Forest Certification

Sustaining and Marketing Ecosystem Services: Habitat Banking

Summary

References

Regulatory and Legal Considerations

International Laws and Agreements

Policy Analysis

How Decisions in the United States Influence Habitat in the World

Case Study: The Endangered Species Act and Climate Change

Summary

References

Should I Manage the Forest?

What Does Restoration Mean?

Developing a Personal Management Philosophy

Summary

References

Common and Scientific Names of Species Mentioned in the Text

Glossary

Measuring and Interpreting Habitat Elements

Wildlife-Habitat Relationships Models

Projecting Habitat Elements through Time

About the Author

Brenda C. McComb, PhD, is Professor and Dean, Graduate School, Oregon State University, Corvallis. She is responsible for over 80 graduate programs and 4500 graduate students at a large research intensive university, having spent much of her 36-year career engaged in natural resources research, teaching, outreach, and administration.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
NAT010000
NATURE / Ecology
SCI070000
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Zoology / General
SCI086000
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / General