Wireless Sensor Networks overcome the difficulties of other monitoring systems. However, they require further efficiencies for Outdoor Environment Monitoring (OEM) applications due to their harsh operational conditions, huge targeted areas, limited energy budget, and required 3D setups. A fundamental issue in defeating these practical challenges is deployment planning. The deployment plan is a key factor of many intrinsic properties of OEM networks, summarized in connectivity, lifetime, fault-tolerance, and cost-effectiveness. This book investigates the problem of WSNs deployments that address these properties in order to overcome the unique challenges and circumstances in OEM applications.
Deployment of WSNs in Outdoor Monitoring: An Overview.
Enhanced Connectivity via Square-grid Deployment.
Efficient Deployment of Wireless Sensor Networks Targeting Environment Monitoring Applications.
Enhanced Connectivity via Federation.
Optimized Relay Placement for Wireless Sensor Networks Federation in Environmental Applications.
Enhanced Connectivity via Federation in Forestry Applications.
Towards Augmenting Federated Wireless Sensor Networks in Forestry Applications.
Enhanced Connectivity via Hexagon-grid Deployment.
Optimized Hexagon-based Deployment for Large-Scale Ubiquitous Sensor Networks.
Towards Prolonged Lifetime for Deployed WSNs in Outdoor Environment Monitoring.
Prolonged Lifetime via Mobile Relays in Smart-cities.
Path Planning for Mobile DCs in Future Cities.
Conclusions and Future Directions