Women, Families and the British Army 1700–1880: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Women, Families and the British Army 1700–1880

1st Edition

Edited by Jennine Hurl-Eamon, Lynn MacKay

Routledge

1,963 pages

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Description

This series concentrates on women and the soldiers in the ranks whose lives they shared, assembling a wide body of evidence of their romantic entanglements and domestic concerns. The new military history of recent decades has demanded a broadening of the source base beyond elite accounts or those that concentrate solely on battlefield experiences. Armies did not operate in isolation, and men’s family ties influenced the course of events in a variety of ways. Campfollowing women and children occupied a liminal space in campaign life. Those who travelled "on the strength" of the army received rations in return for providing services such as laundry and nursing, but they could also be grouped with prostitutes and condemned as a ‘burden’ by officers. Parents, wives, and offspring left behind at home remained in soldiers’ thoughts, despite an army culture aimed at replacing kin with regimental ties. Soldiers’ families’ suffering, both on the march and back in Britain, attracted public attention at key points in this period as well.

This series provides, for the first time in one place, a wide body of texts relating to common soldiers’ personal lives: the women with whom they became involved, their children, and the families who cared for them. It brings hitherto unpublished material into print for the first time, and resurrects accounts that have not been in wide circulation since the nineteenth century. The collection combines the observations of officers, government officials and others with memoirs and letters from men in the ranks, and from the women themselves. It draws extensively on press accounts, especially in the nineteenth century. It also demonstrates the value of using literary depictions alongside the letters, diaries, memoirs and war office papers that form the traditional source base of military historians.

Table of Contents

Women, Families and the British Army, 1700-1880

Edited by Jennine Hurl-Eamon and Lynn MacKay

Volume I: From Marlborough’s reforms to the outbreak of war with Revolutionary France

Edited by Jennine Hurl-Eamon

Introduction

Part 1. Experiences of Courtship and Marriage

1. Selections from Regimental Courts Martial, 4 May 1748; 6 July 1748; 16 September 1748; 21 October 1748; 2 March 1748/9; 11 April 1749; 26 April 1749; 2 Jan 1749/50; 3 Aug 1750; 7 Nov 1750; 13 Nov 1750; 22 Nov 1750; 10 Dec 1750; 18 Dec 1750; 28 Jan 1751; 19 April 1751; 30 May 1751; 17 Jan 1751/2; 30 Jan 1752; 21 May 1752; 19 Oct 1752; 21 Apr 1753; 23 Apr 1753; 10 Sept 1759; 27 July 1781, Grenadier Guards Archives, D04/020

2. Fog’s Weekly Journal, 8 September 1733.

3. Murder Cases in the Old Bailey Proceedingsand The Ordinary’s Account:

‘Trial of Mary Price’, July 1718, p.6; ‘Ordinary’s Account of Mary Price’, August 1718, p.4; ‘Ordinary’s Account of Joseph Blunt’, October 1733, p. 10-11; ‘Trial of Philip Williams’, December 1735, excerpt, pp. 34-35; ‘Trial of William Bird’, July 1740, excerpt, pp. 180-81.

Part 2. Economic Survival

4. Royal Hospital, An Advertisement to all Charitable and Well-dispos’d Christians; more particularly to the Officers and Gentlemen of the Army: Recommending to their Charity the Children of poor disabled Soldiers, Pensioners, and Out-Pensioners of the Royal-Hospital at Chelsea (London, 1710), pp. 1-2.

5. Grenadier Guards Archives, D04/020, Regimental Court Martial dated 3 August 1753.

6. ‘Ireland’ London Evening Post, 18 January 1755.

7. William Agar, Military devotion: or, the soldier's duty to God, his prince and his country. Containing fourteen sermons preached at the camps near Blandford … London, [1758], pp. xxviii- xxxii.

8. London Metropolitan Archives, Foundling Hospital records, 1750s and 1760s.

9. Jonas Hanway, An Account of the society for the Encouragement of British Troops in Germany and North America, (London, 1760), excerpt, pp. 61-63.

10. Letter from John Forster, dated Brunton 16th November 1764, NA WO 1/987 f 629

11. ‘To the Public’, St James Chronicle, 21 May 1776, p. 2.

12. R. Hamilton, M.D., Thoughts Submitted…Respecting the Establishment of a Regimental Fund for the Relief of the Sick and Necessitous Wives of the Private Soldiers (Lincoln: S. Simmons, 1783).

Part 3. Impact of War

13. Anon., Serious and Comical Essays, viz. On the Town. The Art of Pleasing in Women… (1710), pp. 206-213.

14. Selections from Regimental Courts Martial, 26 March 1753; 10 April 1753, Grenadier Guards Archives, D04/020

15. Petition to Henry Bouquet from Martha May, Carlisle, 4 June 1758, in The Military Papers of Colonel Henry Bouquet.

16. Samuel Ancell, A Circumstantial Journal of the Long and Tedious Blockade and Siege of Gibraltar, from the twelfth of September, 1779 to the Third Day of February, 1783 in a Series of Letters from the Author to his brother (Liverpool, 1785), pp. 46, 49, 115-18, 127-8137, 229; and 4th edn., (Cork: A. Edwards, 1793), pp. 15, 230.

Part 4. Sex Outside of Marriage

17. Selections from Regimental Courts Martial, 8 June 1752; 9 April 1773; 16 July 1781, Grenadier Guards Archives, D04/020.

18. ‘General Court Martial of Edward Hall, 13 Oct 1774’, NA WO 71/79 fol 393.

19. ‘General Court Martial of Patrick McDonald 26-27 April 1775’, NA WO 71/80 fol 412.

Part 5. First Person Accounts

5.1. Memoirs

20. Christian Davies, The Life and Adventures of Mrs. Christian Davies, Commonly Called Mother Ross; (1741), pp. Part I: 9-32, 58-69, 75-77, 80-85, Part II: 13-16, 21-31, 35-7, 40-51, 58-61, 66-7, 75-93, 98-104.

21. ‘A Narrative of the Life of Serjeant Willm Pell First Foot Guards, (Written by himself) From his first Inlisting, Jan. 18th 1779’, ff. 1-3, 6, 9- 11, 12, 24, 28, 36-38, 47-48, 49-52; Part II: ff. 2-3, 7-8, 10-13, 17, 21-22, 24-25, 31, 38, 40-41, 45, 46-47. Grenadier Guards Archives, London R-1151

22. Ann Candler, Poetical Attempts, By Ann Candler, A Suffolk Cottager; with a short Narrative of Her Life (Ipswich: Printed and sold by John Raw, 1803), pp. 4-15.

23. Elizabeth Ashbridge, Some Account of the Early Part of the Life of Elizabeth Ashbridge…, (Philadelphia, 1807), pp. 48-54.

24. Roger Lamb, An Original and Authentic Journal of Occurrences During the Late American War, from its commencement to the year 1783 (Dublin: Wilkinson & Courtney, 1809), pp. 33-35, 67, 143, 256-7, 436-7, 438.

25. Roger Lamb, Memoir of His Own Life, by R. Lamb; Serjeant in the Royal Welch Fuzileers, (Dublin: Printed by J. Jones, 1811), pp. 6-7, 14-15, 61, 66-71, 74-75, 108-110, 182-183, 189, 242-245, 289.

26. Anon., The Veteran Soldier: An Interesting Narrative of the Life and Religious Experience of the Late Serjeant Greenleigh (London, 1822), PP. 23-30, 31-32, 34-36, 37, 38-39, 43-45, 51-53, 55-61, 62, 63, 67.

27. Samuel Hutton, ‘The Life of an Old Soldier’, in Llewellynn Jewitt (ed.), The Reliquary, Quarterly Archaeological Journal and Review. A depository for precious relics—legendary, biographical, and historical…, F.S.A., Vol. XI (London: Bemrose & Sons, 1870-71), pp. 215-19, 221-24.

28. William Hutton, The Life of William Hutton: And the History of the Hutton Family, Llewellynn Jewitt (ed.), (London: Frederick Warne and Co., 1872), pp. 34-36, 39-43; 47-50.

5.2. Letters

29. ‘Letters from Jacobite Soldiers, 22 October-8 November 1745’, National Archives, UK, SP 54/26/122.

30. Derby Mercury, Friday November 30 to Friday Dec. 7, 1759, Vol xxxviii, no 38.

Part 6. Fictional Representations

6.1. Novels, Plays, and Stories

31. George Farquhar, The Recruiting Officer. A comedy… (London: Printed for Bernard Lintott [etc.], 1706), pp. 1-4, 8-9, 19-24, 26-9, 31-32, 40-43, 47-49, 57-60, 65-67.

32. Charles Shadwell, ‘The Humours of the Army. A Comedy as it is acted at the Theatre-Royal in Drury-Lane’, in The Works of Mr. Charles Shadwell (Dublin, 1720), Vol I: pp. 109-12, 154-57, 171-74, 181-83.

33. The Life and Memoirs of Mr. Ephraim Tristram Bates, commonly called Corporal Bates, a broken-hearted soldier… (London, 1756), pp. 7-8, 6-29, 48-49, 132-38, 213-14, 230-35.

34. George Smith Green, The Life of Mr. John Van, a clergyman’s son, of Woody, in Hampshire… (1750), pp. 18-20.

35. Edward Ward, Mars Stript of his Armour: or, the army displayed in all its true colours (London, 1765), pp. 10, 69-70.

36. Isaac Bickerstaff, The Recruiting Serjeant (London, 1770), 1-28.

37. Charles Dibdin, The Chelsea Pensioner: a comic opera in two acts (London: G. Kearsly, 1779), pp. 1-40.

38. Charles Stuart, The Cobler [sic] of Castlebury, a musical entertainment, in two acts (London, G. Kearsley, 1779), pp. 1-40.

39. Anon., The Carpenter’s Daughter, of Derham-Down (Dublin, 1792), pp. 3-10, 15-21, 25-6, 28-33, 57-59, 61-77, 83, 93-98, 133, 157, 241-48, 253, 282-3, 285-6.

6.2. Ballads and Songs

40. ‘The Nightingale’s Song’, (London: W. Onley, ca. 1689-1709).

41. ‘The Soldiers Fortune: Or The Taking of Mardike’, (London: P. Brooksby, 1672-1696).

42. ‘The Loyal Soldier of Flanders: Or, the Faithless Lass of London’, (London: P. Brooks, J. Deacon, J. Blare, J. Back, 1683-1696).

43. ‘The Low-Country Soldier turn’d Burgomaster’, (unknown publisher, n.d.).

44. ‘The Longing Lasses Letter To her Love’, (London: J. Deacon, 1671-1704).

Volume II: In the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic War era

Edited by Jennine Hurl-Eamon

Introduction

Part 1. Experiences of Courtship and Marriage

1. David Fordyce, The new and complete British letter-writer; or, young secretary’s instructor in polite modern letter-writing. Containing near Four Hundred…(London, 1790), p. 85.

2. Selections from regimental Courts Martial, 31 July 1797; 15 June 1799; 23 December 1799; 26 May 1804; 10 Sept 1804; 15 Aug 1805, Grenadier Guards Archives, D04/020

Part 2. Economic Survival

3. Letters from Sir Hew Dalrymple to Lady Dalrymple, September to November 1793. NAM 1994-03-129 -20, and -41,

4. London Metropolitan Archives, Foundling Hospital records miscellaneous 1794.

5. Parliament of Great Britain, The Parliamentary Register; or, history of the proceedings and debates of the House of Commons (London, 1800), vol. 12, pp. 247-49.

6. Draft Act of 1801 by Sir Jerome Fitzpatrick, UKNA, WO 43/269

7. Society for the Bettering the Condition and increasing the Comforts of the Poor, The reports of the Society for the Bettering the Condition and increasing the Comforts of the Poor, (London, 1804), vol. 4, pp. 145-7.

8. Newspaper Accounts of Army Wives: ‘Soldiers Wives’, Leeds Mercury, 31 August 1811; ‘General Orders’, Caledonian Mercury, 8 May 1813; and ‘Forgery’, Caledonian Mercury, 15 August 1814.

9. Selections from regimental Courts Martial, 25 April 1814, Grenadier Guards Archives, D04/020

Part 3. Impact of War

3.1. Living in a War Zone

10. Anon., An Accurate and impartial narrative of the war, by an Officer of the Guards… (London, Cadell and Davies 3rd Edn, 1796), Vol 2, pp. 121-4.

11. Grenadier Guards Archives, B08/023 Brigade Standing Orders, dated Hd Qurs Corunna, 20th Octr 1808.

12. Henry Milburne, A Narrative of Circumstances Attending the Retreat of the British Army… (T. Egerton, 1809), pp. 27-28, 33-4.

13. Adam Neale, Letters from Portugal and Spain… (London: Richard Phillips, 1809), pp. 19, 22, 162, 293-5, 305.

14. Robert Ker Porter, Letters from Portugal and Spain, Written during the March of the British Troops under Sir John Moore…. (London: Longman & Co., 1809), pp. 200-201, 210-12, 265-7, 281.

15. Moyle Sherer, Recollections of the Peninsula (London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme Brown and Green, 1824-2nd edn), pp. 74-75, 191-2.

16. George Wood, The Subaltern Officer: A Narrative, (London: Septimus Prowett, 1825), pp. 6-8, 67-8.

17. Thomas Staunton St. Clair, A Residence in the West Indies and America (London, Richard Bentley, 1834), Vol 2, pp. 252, 268-9, 271-3.

18. John Kincaid, Random Shots from a Rifleman (London, 1835), excerpt, pp. 28, 41-42, 65-70, 92-93.

19. George Landmann, Recollections of my Military Life by Colonel Landmann, Late of the 2Corps of Royal Engineers…in two volumes (London: Hurst and Blackett, 1854), Vol I, excerpt, pp. 3-7.

3.2. Separation and Loss

20. Lady Bessborough’s descriptions of embarkation at Margate in 1799 in letters to Lord Granville Leveson Gower. Lord Granville Leveson Gower, Private Correspondence, 1781-1821, ed. Castalia Countess Granville, Vol. I (London: John Murrray, 1916), pp. 261-62.

21. Grenadier Guards Archives, D04/020, regimental Court Martial of 8 June, 1803.

22. Charlotte Anne Eaton, Narrative of a Residence in Belgium during the Campaign of 1815: And of a Visit to the Field of Waterloo, by an Englishwoman (Murray, 1817), pp. 42-8, 244-45, 315-317.

23. John Scott, Paris Revisited in 1815, By Way of Brussels: including A walk over the field of battle at Waterloo, 2nd edn. (London: printed for Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme and Brown, 1816), pp. 18-19, 34, 121-22, 151-2, 204-8; 237-42; 324-6.

24. James Dawson Burn, The Autobiography of a Beggar Boy… 2nd Edn., (London: William Tweedie, 1856), pp. 3-13, 16, 18-19, 24-27.

Part 4. Sex Outside of Marriage

25. Trial of Susannah Brookes, 8 May 1799, pp. 273-4; Trial of Sarah Marchant, alias Hart, and Matthew Hart, 28 May 1800, pp. 354-355; Trial of James Williams, 14 July 1802, pp 387-388, Old Bailey Proceedings:

Part 5. First Person Accounts

5.1. Memoirs

26. Susan Sibbald, The Memoirs of Susan Sibbald (1783-1812), edited by her Great-Grandson Francis Paget Hett (New York, 1926) excerpt, pp. 260-62, 271-2, 287-9, 290, 294.

27. Susannah Cope, The Life & Extraordinary Adventures of Susanna Cope, the British Female Soldier, etc. (Banbury: Cheney, 1810).

28. Robert Grenville Wallace, Fifteen Years in India or, Sketches of a Soldier’s Life (London: 1823), pp. 51-6, 71-3, 80-1, 85-6, 101-4, 108-9, 115, 133-7, 167-9, 189-90, 224-5, 227-35, 251-4, 256, 261-2, 267-9, 270-1, 275, 280, 305-6, 314-15, 328-9, 375-6, 377-9, 403, 406, 439-47, 511, 512-515.

29. Joseph Donaldson, Scenes and Sketches of a Soldier’s Life in Ireland… (Edinburgh, 1826), pp. 27-30, 34-36, 39-76, 112-13, 141-44, 152-54, 162-69, 182-89, 191, 200-12.

30. John Shipp, Memoirs of the Extraordinary Military Career of John Shipp, Late a Lieutenant in his Majesty’s 87th Regiment, 2nd edn. (London: Thomas Tegg, 1843), pp. 1-17, 49-53, 59, 110-12, 129-135, 187, 209-10, 222-3, 287-9, 302, 315, 317-21, 322-4.

5.2. Letters

31. Letters written by Private James Morgan, 2nd Light Company, Coldstream Guards, to his family, National Army Museum, NAM. 2004-03-75-1 and -2.

Part 6. Fictional Representations

6.1. Novels, Plays, and Stories

32. Lucas Williams, ‘The Deserter’, in The Children’s friend, translated from the French of Mr. Berquin…In Six Volumes… (London, 1793), vol. IV: pp. 141-90.

33. George Walker, Cinthelia; or, a woman of ten thousand (London, 1797), Vol 3, pp. 198-212, 225-9; Vol. 4, pp. 10-11, 24-7, 33-4.

34. Anon., The Story of the Unfortunate But Heroic Highlander Related by Himself (Wellington, Houston and Son, 1809), pp. 5-18, 67-70.

35. John Shipp, The Military Bijou; or The Contents of a Soldier’s Knapsack: Being the Gleanings of Thirty-Three Years’ Active Service (London: Whittaker, Treacher, and Co., 1831), Vol 1, pp. vi-viii, 7-10, 22-23, 59-60, 64, 93-95, 100-105, 107-8, 115-6, 136-40, 152-65, 165-7, 216-18; Vol. 2, pp.7-9, 23-35, 59-60, 73-7, 82-8, 112-114, 123-5, 133-7, 142-6, 156-7, 172-5, 191-4.

6.2. Ballads and Songs

36. Gavin Turnbull, ‘The Recruit. a musical Interlude. As performed at the Theatre, Dumfries, January 1794’, in Poems, by Gavin Turnbull, Comedian (1794), pp. 37-47.

37. ‘The Rambling Soldier’, (London: J. Pitts, ca. 1819 and 1844).

38. ‘Hey for the Life of a Soldier’, (London: J. Pitts, ca. 1803-1815).

39. ‘The Jolly Soldier’, (London: J. Pitts, ca. 1803-1815).

40. ‘The Soldier’s Life’, (London: J. Pitts, ca. 1802-1819).

41. ‘The Soldier’s Cloak’. (Nottingham: Burbage and Stretton, 1797-1807).

42. ‘Lady’s Resolution to marry a Soldier’, (London: J. Davenport, ca. 1800-1812).

43. ‘The Old Maid’s Love for a Soldier’, (London: J. Pitts, 1802-1819).

44. ‘Paddy Carey’, (London: Evans, 1780-1812).

45. ‘The affectionate Soldier’, (London: J. Catnach, ca. 1813-1838).

46. Charles Dibdin, ‘The Soldier’s Adieu’, (London: J. Pitts, ca. 1802-1819).

47. Robert Burns, ‘The Soldiers’ return’, (Newcastle: Angus, ca. 1774-1825),

48. ‘The Soldier’s Wife’, (London: J. Pitts, ca. 1819-1844).

49. ‘The Tobacco Box’, (London: J. Pitts, ca. 1802-1819)

50. ‘Lamentation of the Sailors & Soldiers Wives for the loss of their Husbands’, (London: T. Batchelar, ca. 1807-1810).

 

 

Volume III: In their own accounts of service in the Napoleonic Wars Era

Edited by Jennine Hurl-Eamon

Introduction

Part 1. Infantrymen Privates in Line Regiments

1. [Thomas], Journal of a Soldier of the Seventy-First,…from 1806-1815, John Howell (ed.) (Edinburgh: printed for William and Charles Tait, 1819), pp. 1-15, 17-18, 30-32, 47-52, 73-74, 77, 80, 81-82, 88, 97-99, 106-7, 143-4, 172-3, 179-80, 198, 213-15, 218-20, 227-32.

2. Anon., Personal Narrative of a Private Soldier Who served in the 42nd Highlanders for Twelve Years (London, 1821), pp. 1-5, 24-25, 65, 72, 92, 94-95, 98, 111-12, 176-81.

3. Samuel Plummer, The Journal of Samuel Plummer, A Private in the 22d Regiment of Foot…Rev. John Riles (ed.), (London, printed by T. Cordeux, 1821), pp. 3, 29, 43, 50-51, 67-69, 77, 80, 83.

4. Eli Gill, A Narrative of the Life and Adventures of Eli Gill, a private in his Majesty’s 52nd Regiment of Light Infantry (Barnard Castle: Thomas Clifton, 1826), excerpt, pp. 5-7, 17, 32-3.

5. Anon., Vicissitudes in the life of a Scottish soldier. Written by himself, (London: Henry Colburn, 1827), pp. 1-2, 48, 65, 79-80, 83, 109-10, 125-26, 236-37, 246-47, 248-51, 275, 305-7, 315-16, 340-41.

6. John Green, The Vicissitudes of a Soldier’s Life; or, a Series of Occurrences from 1806-1815 (Louth, 1827), excerpt, pp. 1, 3-4, 9, 11-14, 19, 21-22, 23, 26-27, 42, 45-50, 52, 53, 102, 130-1, 159; 175, 192, 201-2, 204, 205, 211-13, 214-15, 222-3.

7. Robert Eadie, Recollections of Robert Eadie… (Kincardine, 1829), pp. 1-6, 13-16, 27-28, 42-48, 66-69, 88, 91-94, 101, 134-38, 140-47, 149.

8. William Brown, The Autobiography, or narrative of a soldier (Kilmarnock: 1829), pp. 13-23, 24-28, 34, 35-36, 40-42, 48-49, 75-76, 80, 81, 83-84, 115-22, 133-34, 160-65, 188-90, 196-201, 214, 257-58, 297-98, 304-5, 320-23.

Part 2. Infantrymen Noncommissioned Officers in Line Regiments

9. Robert Butler, Narrative of the Life and Travels of Serjeant Butler. Written by Himself (Edinburgh: Printed for David Brown, Chalmers and Collins; Glasgow: Knight & Lacey, 1823), pp. 1-5, 10-11, 18-20, 31-34, 36-38, 40, 78-79, 82-84, 85, 92-93, 100-101, 119-20, 122-25, 127-33, 138, 152-3, 156-7, 168-9, 173-6, 181-86, 187-93, 197-200, 210n-211n, 236-37, 239, 283-87, 299-301.

10. Joseph Donaldson, Recollections of An Eventful Life, Chiefly Passed in the Army, (Glasgow: W. R. McPhun, 1824), pp. 1-5, 10-12, 17-23, 59-61, 63-70, 89-90, 93, 98-99, 100-109, 115, 155-6.

11. James Hale, Journal of James Hale, Late Sergeant in the Ninth Regiment of Foot, (London, Longman & Co., 1826), pp. 5-8, 14-15, 32, 39-41, 46, 62, 71-72, 117, 126-131.

12. [anon.] Memoirs of A Sergeant late in the Forty-third Light Infantry Regiment… (London: John Mason, 1835), pp. 1-5, 11-14, 19-24, 63-68, 79, 98, 150-1, 176-79, 246-251, 269-75.

13. John Williamson, The Narrative of a Commuted Pensioner (Montreal: J. Starke and Co, 1838), Vol. I, pp. 1-3, 6, 37-38, 39-43, 55-56, 72-76, 77-86, 93-98, 99-100, 132-37, 149-54, 159-61, 188-91, 208-215, 221-31, 261-2, 264, 271-73.

14. Stephen Morley, Memoirs of a Serjeant of the 5th Regiment of Foot (J. Elliott, 1842), pp. 4, 6-7, 18-20, 62-63, 101-2, 104-5, 118-21, 122-23.

15. William Lawrence, The Autobiography of Sergeant William Lawrence (London, 1886), pp. 1-18, 22-23, 29, 195-96, 201-2, 224-26, 230-47, 249-50.

Part 3. Riflemen

16. Johan Christian Maempel, Adventures of a Young Rifleman, in the French and English Armies translation by author, ed. and preface by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 2nd edn. (London: Henry Colburn, 1826), excerpt, pp. 7-8, 10-12, 16-17, 22-23, 24-25, 29-32, 38-40, 42-43, 45, 271, 300-1, 321-24, 328, 348-50, 357-60.

17. William Surtees, Twenty-five Years in the Rifle Brigade (Blackwood, 1833), pp. 1-2, 6, 9, 28, 40-41, 43-44, 50-51, 73-74, 101, 131, 157-8, 210, 316-17, 414-16.

18. Thomas Knight, The British Battalion at Oporto… (London: Effingham Wilson, 1834), excerpt, pp. 1-3, 4-5, 9-10, 20-21.

19. Edward Costello, Adventures of a Soldier; Written by Himself….(London: Henry Colburn, 1841), pp. 1-5, 26-28, 149-50, 182, 188-91, 202-203, 206-7, 210-11, 250-1, 256-7, 277-81, 288, 289-90.

Part 4. Guardsmen

20. John Stevenson, A soldier in Time of War; or, the Military Life of Mr. John Stevenson (W. Brittain, Paternoster Row, 1841) excerpt, pp. 1-2, 19-20, 28-31, 98-100, 111-12, 129-30, 174-75.

Part 5. Artillerymen

21. Alexander Alexander, The Life of Alexander Alexander: Written by Himself, and Edited by John Howell…In Two Volumes (Edinburgh: William Blackwood and London: T. Cadell, 1830) 2 Vols, excerpt, Vol 1, pp. 1-3, 6-7, 14-17, 48, 52-61, 67-81, 140-41, 173, 175, 178-81, 182, 183-87, 190, 192-99, 200, 201, 206-7, 208-12, 230, 231-5, 287-8, 338; Vol 2, pp. 16-17, 18, 314-24.

 

 

Volume 4: From the Treaty of Paris to the Declaration of War in 1854

Edited by Lynn MacKay

Table of Contents

Introduction

Newspapers, Journals and Magazines

Part 1. Experiences of Courtship and Marriage

1.1. Courtship

The Annette Meyers Case:

1. ‘Murder of a Soldier in St. James’s Park’, Times of London, 5 February 1848, p. 6.

2. ‘Horrible and Deliberate Murder of a Soldier’, Lloyd’s Weekly Newspaper, 13 February 1848, p. 6.

3. ‘Depravity of the British Army’, The Era, 13 February 1848, p. 8.

4. Old Bailey Proceedings, 28 February 1848trial of Annette Meyers for murdering Henry Ducker, a soldier who had abandoned her.

5. ‘Central Criminal Court—March 3, Old Court’, Morning Chronicle, 4 March 1848, p. 7.

6. ‘Abolition of Capital Punishments’, Times of London, 9 March 1848, p. 8.

7. ‘The Case of Annette Meyers’, The Era, 12 March 1848, p. 10.

8. ‘Respite of Annette Meyers’, Morning Chronicle, 13 March 1848, p. 6.

9. ‘Miscellanea’, The Examiner, 20 May 1848, p. 332.

10. Buck Adams, The Narrative of Private Buck Adams (Cape Town: Van Riebeck Society, 1941), pp. 164-6, 283-4.

11. George Calladine, The Diary of Colour-Serjeant George Calladine (London: Eden Fisher & Co., 1922), p. 17, pp. 96, 98.

12. Arthur Swinson and Donald Scott (eds), The Memoirs of Private Waterfield (London: Cassell, 1968), pp. 106-7.

1.2. Domestic Arrangements in the British Isles

1.2.1. Permission to Marry

13. ‘Military Flogging’, Morning Chronicle, 16 May 1817, p. 2.

14. J. H. Stocqueler, The British Soldier: an Anecdotal History of the British Army (London: Wm. S. Orr, 1857), pp. 272-6.

1.2.2. Travel

15. ‘A distressing accident’, Trewman’s Exeter Flying Post or Plymouth and Cornish Advertiser, 28 December 1815, p. 4.

a. The Rifle Brigade Women

16.Most Barbarous Outrage Committed by the Rebels’, Morning Chronicle, 26 February 1822, p. 4.

17. ‘Ireland’, Glasgow Herald, 8 March 1822, p. 8.

18. ‘A strong Refutation’, Bristol Mercury, 23 March 1822, p. 1.

19. ‘Ireland’, Glasgow Herald, 29 March 1822, p. 4.

20. ‘County of Cork Assizes’, Derby Mercury, 17 April 1822, p. 2.

21. Sir William Cope, History of the Rifle Brigade (London: Chatto & Windus, 1877), p. 223.

22. ‘The 2d Division’, Jackson’s Oxford Journal, 23 December 1826, p. 1.

b. 53rd Regiment

23. ‘Heartrending Case’, Ipswich Journal, 31 August 1844, p. 3.

24. ‘Public Liberality’, Times of London, 2 September 1844, p. 6.

25. ‘Alleged "Heart-rending Case"’, Liverpool Mercury, 6 September 1844, p. 6.

26. ‘Chatham, September 11’, Times of London, 13 September 1844, p. 7.

27. ‘Shocking Accident’, Leeds Mercury, 5 September 1846, p. 7.

1.2.3. Morality and Reputation

28. ‘Recollections of the Inner Life’, The Thistle: A Monthly Journal of the Royal Scots, Vol. VI, No. 5 (July 1899), pp. 87-9.

29. Chips, ‘Soldiers' Wives’, Household Words Conducted by Charles Dickens, No. 76 (1851), pp. 561-2.

30. ‘The Church in the Army, No. 2’, The Morning Chronicle, 25 March 1852, p. 3.

1.2.4. Barracks

31. Anon., ‘The Education and Lodging of the Soldier’, Quarterly Review, Vol. 77 (1845-46), pp. 542-4, 551-2, 553-6.

32. A Private Dragoon, ‘Soldiers’ Wives’, St. Paul’s Magazine, Vol. 6 (1870), pp. 78-87.

33. The St. George's Barracks 1851 Manuscript Census Return, HO107/1481, pp. 390-405.

34. The Wellington Barracks 1851 Manuscript Census Return, HO107/1480, pp. 869-87.

1.2.5. Behaviour & Affection

35. ‘Union Hall’, Morning Chronicle, 9 January 1817, p. 3.

36. ‘At Stockbridge’, Hampshire Telegraph and Sussex Chronicle, 24 August 1835, p. 4.

37. George Calladine, The Diary of Colour-Serjeant George Calladine (London: Eden Fisher & Co., 1922), pp. 100, 117, 130, 137, 157, 158, 163, 174, 187, 189, & 195.

38. Thomas Faughnan, Stirring Incidents in the Life of a British Soldier (Toronto: Hunter Rose, 1881), pp. 66-8.

39. Marquess of Anglesey (ed.), Sergeant Pearman's Memoirs (London: Jonathan Cape, 1968), pp. 122-7.

1.2.6. Family Disputes

40. ‘Thames’, Morning Chronicle, 5 October 1852, p. 8.

41. ‘Alleged Sending’, Reynolds's Newspaper, 10 October 1852, p. 10.

42. ‘Police–Thames’, Morning Chronicle, 11 October 1853, p. 11.

1.3. Domestic Arrangements Overseas

43. ‘Soldiers' Children’, Freeman's Journal & Daily Commercial Advertiser, 31 October 1850, p. 4.

44. ‘English Women in Hindustan’, The Calcutta Review, Vol. IV (July—December 1845), pp. 121-7.

45. John Ryder, Four Years' Service in India (Leicester: W.H. Burton, 1853), pp. 198-201.

46. Isaac Tyrrell, excerpts from England to the Antipodes & India (Madras: A.L.V. Press, 1904), pp. 25, 33, 47, 48, 49, 50.

47. Arthur Swinson & Donald Scott (ed.), The Memoirs of Private Waterfield (London: Cassell, 1968), pp. 108, 130.

48. ‘Ingenious, If Not Delicate’, The Examiner, 29 October 1826, p. 698.

49. Marquess of Anglesey (ed.), Sergeant Pearman's Memoirs (London: Jonathan Cape, 1968), p. 61.

1.4. Bigamy

50. Old Bailey Proceedings, Mary Fitzgerald, 19 August 1850 trial of Mary Fitzgerald for bigamy.

51. Old Bailey Proceedings, Thomas Glover, 27 October 1851 trial of Thomas Glover for bigamy.

1.5. Domestic Violence

52. Old Bailey Proceedings, John Davies, 9 April 1849 trial of John Davies for stabbing Ellen Davies, his wife.

Part 2. Economic Survival

2.1. Philanthropy

2.1.1. The Mendicity Society

53. ‘Police—Hatton Garden’, Morning Chronicle, 22 October 1821, p. 3.

54. Mendicity Society Annual Reports 1820-53, excerpts from the Appendices.

2.1.2. The Destitute Condition of Wives Left Behind

55. ‘Woolwich’, The Era, 15 August 1847, p. 13.

56. ‘Soldiers and their Wives’, Reynolds’s Newspaper, 4 July 1852, p. 1.

2.1.3. Philanthropic Housing

57. ‘The Church in the Army—No. IV’, The Morning Chronicle, 28 April 1852, p. 6.

2.2. State Relief

2.2.1. The Army

58. ‘Soldiers' Wives and Widows’, Caledonian Mercury, 25 January 1817, p. 4.

59. ‘Military Passes’, Caledonian Mercury, 20 October 1817, p. 4.

60. ‘Forged Passes’, Caledonian Mercury, 15 November 1817, p. 3.

61. ‘Imposition, Fraud, and Forgery’, Trewman’s Exeter Flying Post or Plymouth and Cornish Advertiser, 24 September 1818, p. 3.

62. ‘Police—Bow Street’, Times of London, 5 April 1823, p. 3.

63. ‘Police—Union Hall’, Times of London, 2 November 1831, p. 4.

64. ‘Police—Guildhall’, Times of London, 15 March 1832, p. 4.

65. ‘Police—Lambeth Street’, Times of London, 1 September 1832, p. 3.

2.2.2. Poor Relief

66. ‘Police’, The Examiner, 10 November 1816, p. 720.

67. Excerpts from the St. Martin in the Fields Settlement Examinations 1816-40, City of Westminster Archive Centre, F 5073.

68. ‘The New Poor Law Bill—Casual Relief’, Morning Chronicle, 30 October 1834, p. 4.

69. ‘Several Irish Women’, Hampshire Telegraph and Sussex Chronicle, 21 April 1849, p. 4.

70. ‘The Kafir War’, The Morning Chronicle, 31 October 1851, p. 7.

71. ‘Board of Guardians’, Hampshire Telegraph & Sussex Chronicle, 12 February 1853, p. 5.

2.2.3. Education

72. Thomas Faughnan, Stirring Incidents in the Life of a British Soldier, (Toronto: Hunter Rose, 1881), pp. 68-9.

73. Thomas Faulkner, ‘The Royal Military Asylum’, An historical and topographical description of Chelsea, and its environs, (Chelsea: J. Tilling, 1810), pp. 205-22.

74. Royal Military Asylum [RMA], Board of Commissioners Minutes, 1813-21, National Archives, PRO WO143/8, pp. 33, 34, 38, 39, 40.

75. Regulations for the Establishment and Government of the Royal Military Asylum (Chelsea: Tilling & Hughes, 1819).

76. Report of the Quarter Master General respecting the female branch of this Asylum, Royal Military Asylum Commissioners' Minutes WO 143/9, 13 March 1821, pp. 4-10.

77. ‘Duke of York’s School’, Morning Chronicle, 16 October 1839, p. 3.

78. ‘Military School at Chelsea’, The Watchman, 23 October 1839, p. 350.

79. ‘Illiberality of Duke of York School’, Morning Chronicle, 1 November 1839, p. 3.

80. ‘National Education’, Edinburgh Review, April 1852, pp. 324-8.

2.3. Work

81. Henry Mayhew, ‘Labour and the Poor’, Morning Chronicle, 15 January 1850, pp. 5-6.

Part 3. Impact of War: Life in a War Zone

82. ‘Westminster Hospital’, Lloyd’s Weekly London Newspaper, 21 May 1843, p. 7.

Part 4. Sex Outside of Marriage

4.1 Sexual Assault & Rape

The Hurst Case

83. ‘Charge Against Military Officers’, Morning Chronicle, 26 October 1843, p. 3.

84. ‘Dublin Police—Yesterday’, Freeman’s Journal and Daily Commercial Advertiser, 27 October 1843, p. 3.

85. ‘Exchange Court Office’,, Freeman’s Journal and Daily Commercial Advertiser, 30 October 1843, p. 3.

86. ‘Olive Mount Institution of the Good Samaritan’, Freeman’s Journal and Daily Commercial Advertiser, 31 October 1843, p. 2.

87. ‘Dublin Police—Yesterday’, Freeman’s Journal and Daily Commercial Advertiser, 22 November 1843, p. 2.

88. ‘Dublin Police—Yesterday’, Freeman’s Journal and Daily Commercial Advertiser, 23November 1843, p. 4.

89. ‘Dublin Police—Yesterday’, Freeman’s Journal and Daily Commercial Advertiser, 28 November 1843, p. 4.

90. ‘From Our Own Reporter’, Morning Chronicle, 2 December 1843, p. 3.

91. John Ryder, Four Years' Service in India (Leicester: W.H. Burton, 1853), p. 129.

4.2. Prostitution

92. George Calladine, The Diary of Colour-Serjeant George Calladine (London: Eden Fisher & Co., 1922), pp. 84, 88.

Part 5. First Person Accounts

93. Edward Costello, Adventures of a Soldier (London: Colburn & Co., 1852), pp. 201-13.

94. Mary Ann Ashford, Life of a Licenced Victualler's Daughter (London: Saunders & Otley, 1844), pp. 49-91.

95. Royal Military Asylum, Board of Commissioners Minutes, 1821-32, 1833-46, National Archives, PRO WO143/9, pp. 386, 420, 436, 447, 456, 468 and PRO WO143/10 pp. 104, 108, 138.

96. John Mercier McMullen, Camp and Barrack-room, or the British Army As It Is (London: Chapman & Hall, 1846), pp. 34-5, 163-5, 238-9.

Part 6. Fictional Representations - Novels & Stories

97. S.C. Hall, ‘The Soldier’s Wife’, Jackson’s Oxford Journal, 6 December 1828, p. 4.

98. Mrs. Ward, ‘Married Soldiers in the Army’, Colburn's United Service Magazine (September & October, 1850), Part III (London: H. Hurst, 1850), pp. 49-55, 245-58.

99. Alexander Walker, ‘A Soldier’s Friendship’, Hours Off & On Sentry or Personal Recollections of Military Adventure in Great Britain, Portugal & Canada (Montreal: Jn. Lovell, 1859), pp. 10-63.

100. Charles Neill, ‘ Ellen of Ayr, or the Soldier’s Wife (Edinburgh: Charles Neill, 1856), pp. 32-46, 52-8, 158-71, 186, 188-97, 203-4, 229-30, 247-50, 253-6, 282-9, 299-310.

 

Volume 5: The Crimean War (1854-56)

Edited by Lynn MacKay

Introduction

Newspapers, Journals and Magazines

Part 1. Experiences of Courtship & Marriage - Domestic Arrangements in the British Isles

1. Army Return of the Number of Married Women Belonging to Each of the Regiments Ordered on Foreign Service, House of Commons Parliamentary Papers online, 1854, XLI, p. 179.

2. ‘Soldiers' Pay and Rations’, United Service Gazette 13 May, 1854, p. 2.

3. ‘Practices in Barracks’, United Service Gazette 19 August, 1854, p. 7.

4. ‘Soldiers' Marriages’, United Service Gazette 10 March, 1855, p. 8.

5. Henry Morley and W.H. Wills, ‘The Soldier's Wife’, Household Words Conducted by Charles Dickens, Vol. 11, No. 265 21 April 1855, pp. 278-80.

6. ‘Soldiers' Wives’, United Service Gazette 28 April 1855, p. 4.

7. Report from the Official Committee on Barrack Accommodation for the Army, House of Commons Parliamentary Papers online, 1854-5 (405), XXXII, pp. iv-v.

Part 2. Economic Survival

2.1. Philanthropy

2.1.1. Hardship

8. ‘Soldiers’ Wives’, Times of London, 2 March 1854, p. 9.

9. ‘Soldiers’ Wives’, Times of London, 4 March 1854, p. 9.

10. ‘Soldiers’ Wives’, Times of London, 6 March 1854, p. 10.

11. ‘Soldiers’ Wives’, Times of London, 7 March 1854, p. 10.

12. ‘Soldiers’ Wives’, Times of London, 14 April 1854, p. 8.

13. ‘Clerkenwell’, Daily News, 17 August 1855, p. 6.

14. ‘Soldiers’ Wives, Times of London, 28 August 1855, p. 12.

15. ‘Miss Nightingale’, Spectator, 5 April 1856, p. 10.

2.1.2. Recognizing the Problem

16. ‘Soldiers' Wives’, Times of London, 22 February 1854, p. 8.

17. ‘The Wife I Leave Behind Me’, Lloyd’s Weekly Newspaper, 26 February 1854, p. 6.

18. ‘Parliamentary Proceedings’, North Wales Chronicle, 11 March 1854, p. 1.

19. ‘Soldiers' Wives’, United Service Magazine, April 1854, pp. 591-2.

20. ‘Soldiers' Wives and Children’, Morning Chronicle, 5 April 1854, p. 2.

21. ‘The Wives and Children of Soldiers’, North Wales Chronicle, 8 April 1854, p. 8.

22. ‘Soldiers' Wives—Letter from the War Office’, Morning Chronicle, 2 May 1854, p. 9.

23. ‘Wives and Families of Soldiers’, United Service Magazine May 1854, pp. 122-4.

24. ‘Soldiers’ Wives and Families’, Derby Mercury, 24 May 1854, p. 6.

2.1.3. Schemes

25. ‘Soldiers' Wives and Children’, Times of London, 27 February 1854, p. 9.

26. ‘House of Commons’, The Ipswich Journal, 4 March 1854, p. 1.

27. ‘The Absent Soldiers’ Wives’, Lloyd’s Weekly Newspaper, 5 March 1854, p. 6.

28. ‘Soldiers' Wives’, Daily News, 9 March 1854, p. 5.

29. ‘Soldiers' Wives’, Liverpool Mercury, 11 May 1855, p. 9.

30. ‘Soldiers' Wives’ United Service Magazine, May 1854, p. 121.

31. ‘Fund for Families of Soldiers in the East’, United Service Gazette 30 September 1854, p. 5.

32. ‘The Soldier's Widow’, United Service Gazette 4 November 1854, p. 4.

33. ‘Soldiers’ Wives’, Freeman’s Journal and Daily Commercial Advertiser, 15 December 1854, p. 3.

34. ‘The Patriotic Fund—Payments to Widows and Orphans’, Patriotic Fund Journal 10 March 1855, Vol. I, No. 13, p. 229.

2.1.4. Association in Aid

35. ‘Association in Aid of Soldiers’ Wives’, Morning Chronicle, 28 February 1854, p. 1.

36. ‘Aid to Soldiers' Wives’, The Examiner, 4 March 1854, p. 139.

37. ‘Soldiers' Wives and Children’, Manchester Times, 4 March 1854, p. 4.

38. ‘Provision for Soldiers’ Wives’, Daily News, 8 March 1854, p. 3.

39. ‘Soldiers' Wives and Children’, Aberdeen Journal, 8 March 1854, p. 8.

40. ‘Soldiers’ Wives and Families’, Daily News, 28 March 1854, p. 6.

41. Major Carton, Declaration of War: The Regulations Affecting Non-Commissioned Officers' and Soldiers' Wives Considered with Reference to the Army Ordered to Turkey, (London: Thomas Hatchard, 1854), pp. 1-16.

42. ‘House of Lords’, Aberdeen Journal 12 April 1854, p. 8.

43. ‘The Clergy of Great Britain and Ireland’, Times of London, 14 April 1854, p. 10.

44. ‘Editorial’, Times of London, 2 May 1854, p. 9.

45. ‘Police―Thames’, Morning Chronicle, 5 May 1854, p. 11.

46. ‘Police―Marlborough Street’, Morning Chronicle, 19 May 1854, p. 7.

47. ‘Police—Thames’, Times of London, 6 May 1854, p. 12.

48. ‘The Wives and Families of the Absent Soldiers’, United Service Gazette 20 May 1854, p. 3.

49. ‘The Wives and Children of the Absent Soldiers’, United Service Gazette (20 May 1854), p. 5.

50. ‘Soldiers' Wives and Families’, Trewman's Exeter Flying Post or Plymouth & Cornish Advertiser, 8 June 1854, p. 8.

51. Permanent Relief for the Wives and Families, Widows and Orphans, of Our Soldiers", Hampshire Telegraph and Sussex Chronicle, 10 June 1854, p. 7.

52. ‘Soldiers’ Wives and Children’, The Era, 25 June 1854, p. 9.

53. Excerpts from ‘The First Half-Yearly Report of the Central Association’, United Services Gazette, 7 October, 1854, pp. 7-8.

54. ‘The Wives and Families of the Soldiers of the Expedition’, United Service Gazette 7 October 1854, p. 4.

55. Patriotic Fund’, Leeds Mercury, 14 October 1854, p. 4.

56. ‘The Central Association for Soldiers’ Wives, Widows and Children’, Morning Chronicle, 24 October 1854, p. 3.

57. The Patriotic Fund and the Central Association", The Era, 5 November 1854, p. 9.

58. ‘Major Powys Again!’, Times of London, 11 November 1854, p. 5.

59. ‘Abuse of Public Bounty’, Reynolds’s Newspaper, 12 November 1854, p. 4.

60. ‘Soldiers' Wives and Widows’, Times of London, 16 November 1854, p. 7.

61. ‘Soldiers’ Wives and Widows’, Times of London, 17 November 1854, p. 7.

62. ‘The Bumble Association’, Times of London, 18 November 1854, p. 10.

63. ‘Soldiers’ Wives and Widows’, Times of London, 20 November 1854, p. 10.

64. ‘Major Powys and Mr. Newland’, Times of London, 21 November 1854, p. 6.

65. ‘To the Editor’, Times of London, 22 November 1854, p. 5.

66. ‘Soldiers’ Wives’, Liverpool Mercury, 24 November 1854, p. 11.

67. ‘Bury St. Edmunds’, Times of London, 24 November 1854, p. 10.

68. ‘Major Powys & the Fund’, United Service Magazine, No. 313, December 1854, pp. 587-8.

69. ‘Central Association’, Daily News, 30 November 1854, p. 3.

70. ‘Editorial’, Times of London, 1 December 1854, p. 6.

71. ‘Martha Brightwell’, Times of London, 5 December 1854, p. 6.

72. ‘Martha Brightwell’, Times of London, 22 December 1854, p. 7.

73. ‘The Patriotic Fund and Proselytism’, Tablet, 18 November 1854, p. 10.

74. ‘Ireland’, Daily News, 16 January 1855, p. 3.

75. ‘Soldiers' Wives and Families’, United Service Gazette 10 March 1855, p. 7.

76. ‘The Central Association for Soldiers' Wives’, Morning Chronicle, 1 August 1856, p. 3.

77. How to Get Up a Testimonial’, Freeman's Journal and Daily Commercial Advertiser, 22 August 1856, p. 2.

2.2. State Relief

2.2.1. Poor Relief

78. ‘Soldiers' Wives’, Times of London, 25 February 1854, p. 12.

79.’Death of a Soldier’s Child from Want of Nourishment’, North Wales Chronicle, 14 October 1854, p. 6.

80. ‘Hammersmith’ Lloyd's Weekly Newspaper, 22 October 1854, p. 2.

81. ‘Families of Soldiers Serving in the Crimea’, Morning Chronicle, 27 July 1855, p. 6.

82. ‘Board of Guardians’, Manchester Times, 12 January 1856, p. 9.

83. ‘The Poor Law Boards of Scotland and Soldiers' Wives and Children’, Times of London, 5 December 1855, p. 12.

84. Keith Letter in the Witness, 12 December 1855, p. 3.

85. ‘Correspondence’, Caledonian Mercury, 17 December 1855, p. 3.

86. ‘St. Nicholas Parochial Board’, The Witness, 19 December 1855, p. 3.

87. ‘Poor Law Boards of Scotland’, The Witness, 22 December 1855, p. 3.

88. ‘Soldiers’ Wives and the Parochial Boards’, Aberdeen Journal, 23 January 1856, p. 1.

89. ‘St. Nicholas Parochial Board’, Aberdeen Journal, 23 January 1856, p. 4.

90. ‘A Bottle of Small Beer’, Aberdeen Journal, 30 January 1856, p. 8.

91. ‘St. Nicholas Parochial Board’, Aberdeen Journal, 6 February 1856, p. 7.

2.2.2. Education

92. ‘The Royal Military Asylum’, United Service Gazette 13 January 1855, p. 7.

93. ‘Female Children and Orphans of Soldiers’, United Service Gazette, 12 May 1855, p. 4.

94. ‘The Soldiers' Infant Home’, United Service Gazette 10 November 1855, p. 3.

2.3. Work

95. ‘Soldiers' and Sailors' Wives and Families’, Times of London, 25 April 1854, p. 10.

96. ‘Soldiers' Wives’, United Service Gazette 21 October 1854, pp. 4-5.

97. ‘The Soldiers' Wives in the East’, Times of London, 24 October 1854, p. 9.

98. ‘Soldiers' Wives’, United Service Gazette 4 November 1854, p. 4.

99. ‘Employment for Soldiers' Wives’, United Service Gazette 12 May 1855, p. 5.

Part 3. Impact of War

Part 3.1. Life in a War Zone

3.1.1. Getting There

100. ‘An interesting incident’, Caledonian Mercury, 27 February 1854, p. 2.

101. ‘The disembarkation’, Daily News, 15 June 1854, p. 5.

102. ‘The Regiment’, United Service Gazette, 17 June 1854, p. 5.

3.1.2. The Army’s Provisions for the Wives

103. ‘The French’, Morning Chronicle, 15 June 1854, p. 6.

104. ‘A Letter from the English Camp at Varna’, Daily News, 22 June 1854, p. 5.

105. ‘Brutal Treatment of Soldiers’ Wives’, Reynolds’s Newspaper, 9 July 1854, p. 7.

106. ‘Letters from the Seat of War’, Daily News, 11 July 1854, p. 5.

107. ‘Mr. Fellows Writes from Galata’, Daily News, 18 September 1854, p. 2.

108. ‘The War’, Daily News, 15 November 1854, p. 5.

109. ‘The Soldiers’ Wives at Scutari’, Leeds Mercury, 3 March 1855, p. 8.

110. ‘Army Inquiry Committee’, Manchester Times, 17 March 1855, p. 4.

111. ‘Infamous Treatment of the Wounded’, Lloyd’s Weekly Newspaper, 18 March 1855, p. 7.

112. ‘The Army and Navy’, Freeman’s Journal and Daily Commercial Advertiser, 19 July 1855, p. 4.

113. Florence Nightingale, from Notes on the Health of the British Army, (London: Harrison & Sons, 1858), pp. 462-9.

114. Charles Holte Bracebridge, ‘Assistance Given to the Wives, Widows, and Children, of the British Soldiers at Scutari, 1854-5-6’, in Statements Exhibiting the Voluntary Contributions Received by Miss Nightingale for the Use of British War Hospitals in the East (London: Harrison & Sons, 1857), pp. 60-6.

115. Lady Alicia Blackwood, Narrative of Personal Experiences and Impressions During a Residence on the Bosphorus throughout the Crimean War (London: Hatchard, 1881), pp. 49-60.

116. George Buchanan, Camp Life As Seen By A Civilian (Glasgow: James Maclehose, 1871), pp. 105-6.

117. General Orders Issued to the Army in the East from April 1854 to December 1855. (London: John Parker & Son, 1856), pp. 11, 20, 39, 91, & 199.

3.1.3. Daily Life

118. Mrs. Young, Our Camp in Turkey, (London: Richard Bentley, 1854). pp. 55-62, 92-3, 113-5, 121, 126-30, 154-9, 201-4, 217-20.

119. Thomas McKiernan, Experiences of a British Veteran Soldier (Port Talbot, Wales: Major Jones & Co., 1892), pp. 18-9.

120. ‘Letter from the East’, United Services Gazette, 8 July 1854, p. 6.

121. ‘Discovery at Gallipoli’, Daily News, 13 July 1854, p. 5.

122. ‘About this time’, Lloyd’s Weekly Newspaper, 21 May 1854, p. 5.

123. General Sir George Higginson, excerpt from Seventy-one Years of a Guardsman's Life (London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1916), p. 121.

124. ‘Soldiers' Wives’, Daily News, 8 June 1854, p. 5.

125. ‘The Women Left On Board the Transports’, North Wales Chronicle, 7 October 1854, p. 3.

126. ‘A Daughter of the Regiment’, United Service Gazette, 2 December 1854, p. 5.

127. Fanny Duberly, Mrs. Duberly's Journal (London: Longman, Brown, Green & Longman's, 1856), p. 170.

3.1.4. Criticism

128. ‘The arrival’, Morning Chronicle, 23 November 1854, p. 6.

129. ‘It is sincerely’, Morning Chronicle, 30 November 1854, p. 5.

130. ‘Hospital Life at Scutari’, Bristol Mercury, 9 December 1854, p. 6.

3.1.5. At the Battlefront

131. William Munro, Reminiscences of Military Service with the 93rd Sutherland Highlanders (London: Hurst & Blackett, 1883), pp. 40-2.

132. Harold Wylly, The 95th (The Derbyshire) Regiment in the Crimea (London: S. Sonnenschein, 1899), pp. 20-1.

Part 3.2. Separation, Anxiety, and Loss

133. ‘Departure of Reinforcements for the Guards in the Crimea’, United Service Gazette, 28 October 1854, p. 6.

134. ‘Thirst for News’, Manchester Times, 29 November, 1854, p. 3.

135. ‘Captain Horatio Morgan’, Daily News, 25 August 1855, p. 3.

136. ‘How Soldiers’ Wives Are Treated’, Reynolds’s Newspaper, 13 January 1856, p. 11.

Part 4. First Person Accounts

4.1 Memoirs & Interviews

137. Margaret Kerwin, ‘One Woman’s Story’, Friends of the Green Howards’ Newsletter (3), September 1997 (reprint from 1895), pp. 14-15.

138. Elizabeth Evans as told to Walter Woods, ‘A Soldier's Wife in the Crimea’, Royal Magazine, July 1908, pp. 265-72.

139. Col. L. I. Cowper, ‘The Crimean War’, in The King's Own, the Story of a Royal Regiment, Vol. II, 1814-1914 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1939), pp. 82, 91, 96, 103, 105, 111-2, 120.

140. James Bayes, ‘Nell Butler was the front line "Florence Nightingale"', Portsmouth Evening News, 3 May 1963, pp. 20-1.

141. Mary Seacole, Wonderful Adventures of Mrs. Seacole in Many Lands (London: Blackwood, 1857), pp. 14-15, 18-19, 32, 43, 46, 47-8.

142. ‘A Crimean Heroine: Lord Wolseley and the Soldier's Widow’, The Thistle, A Monthly Journal of the Royal Scots, Vol. VI, No. 6, (August 1899), pp. 101-2.

4.2. Letters

143. Private Robert Hull, No 4 Coy 50th (or Duke of Clarence's) Regiment of Foot, National Army Museum, 1978-04-39-1 & 2.

144. Private Joseph Reid, Rifle Brigade, 2nd Battalion, National Army Museum 1999-03-130.

145. TSM George Cruse, 1st Royal dragoons, National Army Museum 1974-12-76, Letters 9 & 10.

146. Private George Greenfield, 30th (Cambridgeshire) Regiment of Foot, National Army Museum, 1976-07-85.

145. Private John Pine, Rifle Brigade, 1st Battalion, National Army Museum 1996-05-4.

146. Sergeant Robert Clarke, 39th Regiment of Foot, National Army Museum, 1973-01-56, Letters 5 December 1854, 23 March 1855, and 16 April 1855.

147. Hospital Sergeant Frederick Newman, 97th (Earl of Ulster's) Regiment, National Army Museum 2002-03-167.

148. "Kerrymen", Freeman's Journal & Daily Commercial Advertiser, 10 November 1854, p. 2.

149. Sergeant William Jowett, Letters contained in The Diary of Sergeant William Jowett (Beeston, Nottinghamshire: R. Porter, 1856), pp. 59, 60, 71-80.

150. ‘From a Sergeant in the Scotch Fusiliers’, Patriotic Fund Journal, 10 February 1855, 1, 9, p. 157.

151, ‘From a Non-Commissioned Officer in the 50th Regiment’, Patriotic Fund Journal, 24 February 1855, 1, 11, pp. 183-4.

152. Gunner Charles Branton to his Wife, 12th Battalion, Royal Artillery, 21 October 1854 and 23 October 1855, National Army Museum 1993-02-243-1 and 1993-02-243-2.

153. H. B., Letters from the Crimea During the Years 1854 and 1855, [Corporal Henry Blishen] (London: Emily Faithfull, 1863).

Part 5. Fictional Representations - Poems

154. ‘An Appeal on Behalf of Soldiers' Wives’, Liverpool Mercury, 11 April 1854, p. 2.

155. ‘A Night on the Heights’, by Private Jones, Tait's Edinburgh Magazine, Vol. 21

156. ‘The Wives of Soldiers’, by P. G. Hamerton, Bristol Mercury, 8 December 1855, p.4.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Volume 6: Aftermath (1856-1880)

Edited by Lynn MacKay

Table of Contents

Introduction

Newspapers, Journals and Magazines

Part 1. Experiences of Courtship & Marriage

1.1. Domestic arrangements in the British Isles

1.1.1 Marriage Regulations, Problems & Schemes for Improvement

1. ‘Soldiers' Wives’, United Service Gazette, 25 July 1857, p. 4.

2. ‘The Marriage of Soldiers’, United Service Gazette, 19 September 1857, p. 7.

3. ‘Soldiers’ Wives’, P.C.B., Army Chaplain, in Norman MacLeod (ed.), Good Words for 1863, pp. 258-63.

4. ‘Soldiers' Wives’, Pall Mall Gazette, 24 February 1869, p. 11.

5. ‘The Pall Mall on Soldiers' Wives’, The Broad Arrow, 2, 20 March 1869, pp. 348-9.

6. ‘Quarters for Married Soldiers’, The Lancet, 28 August 1869, pp. 317-8.

7. ‘Soldiers' Wives’, The Broad Arrow, 3, 73, 20 November 1869, p. 641.

1.1.2. Travel

8. ‘The Half-Yearly Change’, Pall Mall Gazette, 3 September 1867, pp. 6-7.

9. ‘A Soldier's Wife’, The Broad Arrow, 16, 12 February 1876, p. 206.

1.1.3. Barrack Conditions

10. Florence Nightingale, Notes on the Health of the British Army, (London: Harrison & Sons, 1858), pp. 469-76.

11. ‘Women at Aldershot’, Household Words Conducted by Charles Dickens, Vol. 13 (19 April 1856), pp. 318-20.

12. General Report of the Commission Appointed for Improving the Sanitary Conditions of Barracks and Hospitals, British Parliamentary Papers Online, House of Commons (1861), pp. 51-5, 144-6, 153.

13. ‘Married Soldiers' Allowances’, The Broad Arrow, 16, 6 May 1876, p. 590.

1.1.4. Morality & Reputation

14. Anon., Recollections of an Old Soldier (Birmingham: J. C. Aston, 1886), pp. 24-8, 38-41.

15. Robert Blatchford, My Life in the Army (London: Clarion Press, 1910), pp. 93-6.

1.1.5. Behaviour & Problems

13. Old Bailey Proceedings, Dennis Sweeney, 25 October 1858, trial of Dennis Sweeney for cutting and wounding Esther Cragin.

14. Wives' Punishment Book, 1866-1895, 82nd Regiment of Foot, Lancashire Infantry Museum, Preston.

15. Married Establishment, 82nd Regiment of Foot, 1868-76, National Archives WO12/8660.

16. ‘Agricultural Society’, Trewman's Exeter Flying Post or Plymouth & Cornish Advertiser, 16 November 1864, p. 6.

17. ‘A Women’s Fight in Barracks’, Hampshire Telegraph and Sussex Chronicle, 9 October 1875, p. 5.

18. A Private Dragoon, ‘Soldiers’ Wives’, St. Paul’s Magazine, Vol. 6 (1870), pp. 78-87.

19. Thomas McKeirnan, Experiences of a British Veteran Soldier (Port Talbot, Wales: Major Jones & Co., 1892), pp. 158-9.

1.1.6. Health

20. ‘Baby Farming in England’, Freeman's Journal & Daily Commercial Advertiser, 3 January 1868, p. 3.

21. Francis Hogg, ‘Medical Notes on Soldiers' Wives’, The Lancet, 20 May 1871, pp. 680-2.

Part 1.2. Domestic Arrangements Overseas

1.2.1. India

a. Travel & Separation

22. ‘A Surprise’, Aberdeen Journal, 20 July 1859, p. 3.

23. ‘Soldiers' Wives’, Daily News, 22 September 1859, p. 2.

The Accrington

24.’Alleged Cruelties at Sea’, Morning Chronicle, 17 January 1860, p. 3.

25. ‘Treatment of Soldiers' Wives’, Lloyd's Weekly Newspaper, 22 January 1860, p. 7.

26. ‘The Soldiers’ Wives in India’, Times of London, 30 May 1860, p. 12.

b. Health

27. ‘The Inniskilling Dragoon, Glasgow Herald, 31 March 1863, p. 2.

28. ‘Photographs of Military Life’, Liverpool Mercury, 22 August 1862, p. 6.

29. ‘Married Soldiers’, Pall Mall Gazette, 18 October 1867, p. 3.

30. ‘The Women and Children of the Bombay Army’, The Broad Arrow, Vol. 3, 9 October 1869, p. 454.

31. ‘Soldiers’ Families in India’, Times of London, 31 July 1875, p. 8.

32. Report on Sanitary Measures in India in 1875-76 (London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1877), pp. 164-5.

33. ‘Soldiers' Children in India’, The Broad Arrow, Vol. 15, 18 September 1875, p. 365.

34. ‘The Married Soldier in India’, The Broad Arrow, Vol. 15, 18 December 1875, p. 703.

35. William Munro, from Reminiscences of Military Service with the 93rd Sutherland Highlanders (London: Hurst & Blackett, 1883), pp. 270-5.

36. Thomas McKenzie, My Life as a Soldier (Saint John, N.B.: J. & A. McMillan, 1898), pp. 93-4.

1.2.2. Canada

37. ‘Awful Murder and Suicide’, British Colonist, 4 November 1859, p. 2.

38. Frances E. Herring, In the Pathless West (London: T. Fisher Unwin, 1904), pp. 63-4.

39. Colonel R.C. Moody to the Colonial Secretary, Victoria",British Columbia Archives, Moody Correspondence F 1155.

40. Standing Orders of the Royal Canadian Rifles (Montréal: John Lovell, 1861), pp. 25-6, 41-3, 66-7.

41. Juliana Ewing, Canada Home, Juliana Horatia Ewing's Fredericton Letters 1867-1869 (Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1983), pp. 219-20, 294-5, 350-4.

1.3 Bigamy and Deception

1.3.1. The Spurling Case

42. ‘Police-Thames’, Times of London, 13 August 1858, p. 9.

43. ‘The Sergeant's Wife’, Morning Chronicle, 24 August 1858, p. 3.

44. ‘The Sergeant's Wife Again’, Morning Chronicle, 25 August 1858, p. 7.

45. ‘The Sergeant's Wife Again’, Morning Chronicle, 16 October 1858, p. 5.

46. ‘The Case of Mrs. Spurling Alias Readdey’, Morning Chronicle, 21 October 1858, p. 8.

47. ‘Police Courts—Thames’, Daily News, 25 October 1858, p. 6.

1.3.2. Fanny Taylor Case

48. A Soldier’s Wife Charged with Bigamy", Derby Mercury, 29 May 1867, p. 2.

49. Wednesday Before T.P. Bainbrigge, J. Bailey, and F. Longdon", Derby Mercury, 12 June 1867, p. 6.

50. Old Bailey Proceedings, John Charles Henderson, 10 January 1870 trial of John Charles Henderson for bigamy.

1.3.3. Waterfall Case

51. ‘Police Courts—Greenwich’, Daily News, 10 February 1874, p. 3.

52. ‘Curious Case’, Reynolds's Newspaper, 8 March 1874, p. 6.

1.4. Desertion

53. ‘At Hammersmith Henry Barrett’, Times of London, 7 September 1867, p. 11.

54. ‘Married Soldiers’, Times of London, 11 September 1867, p. 8.

55. ‘Soldiers' Wives’, Times of London, 13 September 1867, p. 9.

56. ‘The Liability of Soldiers to Support their Wives’, United Service Gazette, 21 May 1870, p. 5.

57. ‘Liability of Soldiers’, The Examiner, 14 March 1874, p. 259-60.

Part 2. Economic Survival

2.1 Philanthropy

2.1.1 Destitution at Colchester

58. ‘Destitution of Soldiers' Wives at Colchester", Daily News, 11 February 1857, p. 2.

59. ‘Destitution at Colchester", Ipswich Journal, 28 February 1857, p. 4.

60. ‘The Camp at Colchester", Times of London, 3 March 1857, p. 10.

61. ‘The Camp at Colchester", Times of London, 20 March 1857, p. 12.

62. ‘Camp at Colchester", Copy of correspondence between the War Department and Major-General Gascoigne, in relation to the destitution amongst the families of soldiers at Colchester, House of Commons British Parliamentary Papers online, 1857, Session I (102), pp. 1-8.

2.1.2 Archbishop Cullen and the Kirleys

63. ‘Archbishop Cullen's Reply to Lord St. Leonard’, Liverpool Mercury, 27 November 1857, p. 10.

64. ‘The Archbishop's Letter’, Freeman's Journal & Daily Commercial Advertiser, 27 November 1857, p. 2.

65. The Case of the Kirleys’, Freeman's Journal and Daily Commercial Advertiser, 31 December 1857, p. 3.

66. ‘Lodging Association at Aldershot’, United Service Magazine & Naval & Military Journal 1864, Part 1, pp. 441-3.

68. ‘Soldiers’ Wives at Aldershott’, Daily News, 29 November 1864, p. 8.

69. ‘Military Orphans’, The Broad Arrow, Vol. 3, 4 December 1869, pp. 706-7.

70. ‘Women of the Regiment’, United Service Gazette, 10 January 1874, p. 4.

71.’ Soldiers' Widows’, The Broad Arrow, Vol. 14, 3 April 1875, p. 420.

72. ‘The Poor of the Army’, The Broad Arrow, Vol. 15, 25 December 1875, pp. 802-3.

2.2. State Relief

2.2.1. Poor Relief

73. ‘The Irish Poor Law’, Freeman's Journal, 6 December 1864, p. 3.

74. ‘South Union, A Hard Case’, Freeman's Journal & Daily Commercial Advertiser, 8 October 1869, p. 4.

75. ‘Soldiers' Wives’, The Broad Arrow, Vol. 11, 16 August 1873, p. 205.

76. ‘A Case’, The Broad Arrow, Vol. 23, July 1879, p. 645.

2.2.2. Education

77. ‘Food for Powder’, All the Year Round, 20 May 1865, pp. 400-03.

78. Patrick Beaton, ‘On Soldiers' Children’, Good Words (1871), pp. 219-24.

79. ‘The Murder at Purfleet’, Lloyd’s Weekly Newspaper, 20 December 1874, p. 2.

80. ‘The Dreadful Tragedy in Essex’, Lloyd’s Weekly Newspaper, 20 December 1874, p. 3.

81. ‘The Outrage and Murder at Purfleet’, Jackson’s Oxford Journal, 26 December 1874, p. 7.

82. ‘The Outrage at Purfleet Letter to the Editor’, The Broad Arrow, Vol. 14, 2 January 1875, p. 13.

83. ‘Dreadful Tragedy in Essex, a Child Outraged and Murdered’, The Broad Arrow, Vol. 14, 2 January 1875, p. 13.

84. ‘Conviction of the Purfleet Murderer’, Lloyd’s Weekly Newspaper, 14 March 1875, p. 4.

85. ‘Confession of the Purfleet Murderer’, Lloyd’s Weekly Newspaper, 28 March 1875, p. 7.

86. ‘Execution of the Purfleet Murderer’, Pall Mall Gazette, 29 March 1875, p. 8

87. ‘Regimental School Teachers’, The Broad Arrow, Vol. 14, 10 April 1875, p. 463.

88. ‘Daughters of the Regiment’, The Broad Arrow, Vol. 14, 24 April 1875, p. 527.

89. ‘Army Schools and Soldiers' Daughters’, The Broad Arrow, Vol. 14, 22 May 1875, p. 655.

90. ‘Regimental Girls’, The Broad Arrow, Vol. 14, 29 May 1875, p. 687.

91. ‘Soldiers’ Wives and Daughters’, The Broad Arrow, Vol. 14, 26 June 1875, p. 815.

92. ‘Training Boys for Enlistment as Soldiers’, The Broad Arrow, Vol. 14, 7 April, 1875, p. 495.

2.3. Work

2.3.1. Plans

93. ‘Occasional Notes’, Pall Mall Gazette, 12 November 1867, p. 4.

94. A Staff-Sergeant, excerpt from "How to Make the Army Popular", St. Paul's Magazine, 7 (January 1871), pp. 369-71.

2.3.2. Practical Schemes

95. ‘Washing and Drying for Soldiers’, Daily News, 24 June 1857, p. 2.

96. ‘Our Soldiers in India and Their Clothing’, Daily News, 9 July 1858, p. 5.

97. ‘Female Employment’, Belfast News-Letter, 8 June 1859, p. 3.

98. ‘Employment for Soldiers’ Wives’, Manchester Times, 9 January 1864, p. 14.

99. ‘Occasional Notes’, Pall Mall Gazette, 5 January 1872, p. 8.

Part 3. Impact of War - Separation and Loss

100. ‘Soldiers' Wives’, Morning Chronicle, 29 July 1857, p. 3.

101. ‘Soldiers' Wives’, Belfast News-Letter, 18 September 1857, p. 4.

102. ‘The Families of Soldiers Serving in India’, Times of London, 13 November 1857, p. 10.

103. ‘In the Early Days of the Movement on Behalf of the Wives’, Daily News, 29 December 1857, p. 4.

104. ’Scandalous Treatment of Soldiers Wives’, Reynolds's Newspaper, 28 March 1858, p. 4.

105. ‘Suicide of the Last of the Crimea Nurses’, Jackson's Oxford Journal, 24 July 1858, p. 6.

106. ‘Soldiers' Wives’, Daily News, 19 October 1858, p. 2.

107. ‘We are Very Soon Furnished with Painful Proof’, Morning Chronicle, 25 December 1861, p. 4.

108. ‘Soldiers' Remittances’, The Broad Arrow, Vol. 20, 2 February 1878, p. 142.

109. ‘Soldiers' Widows’, The Broad Arrow, Vol. 22, 5 April 1879, pp. 448-9.

110. ‘Widows of Soldiers Killed at Isandula’, The Broad Arrow, Vol. 22 5 April 1879, p. 454.

Part 4. Sex Outside of Marriage - Prostitution

111. George MacMunn, ‘Mees Dolly: an Untold Tragedy of '57’, Cornhill Magazine 63 (1927), pp. 327-31.

112. Henry Mayhew, ‘Soldiers' Women, London Labour & the London Poor, Vol. 4, (New York: Dover Publications, 1968), pp. 233-6.

4.1. The Wrens of Curragh

113. ‘Stoning the Desolate’, All the Year Round, 26 November 1864, pp. 369-72.

114. James Greenwood, ‘The Wrens of the Curragh—No. I’, Pall Mall Gazette, October 15, 1867, p. 9.

115. James Greenwood, ‘The Wrens of the Curragh—No. II’, Pall Mall Gazette, October 16, 1867, pp. 10-11.

116. James Greenwood, ‘The Wrens of the Curragh—No. III’, Pall Mall Gazette, October 17, 1867, pp. 4-5.

117. James Greenwood, ‘The Wrens of the Curragh—No. IV’, Pall Mall Gazette, October 19, 1867, pp. 4-5.

118. An Ex-Dragoon, "Correspondence, Irish Bushwomen", Pall Mall Gazette, October 23, 1867, pp. 3-4.

4.2. The Contagious Diseases Acts

119. ‘The Contagious Diseases Acts at Aldershot’, The Lancet, 17 October 1868, p. 524-5.

120. ‘The Contagious Diseases Acts’, The Lancet, 8 January 1870, p. 49.

121. ‘Contagious Diseases Act in Calcutta’, The Lancet, 1 October 1870, p. 472.

122. William Henry Sloggett, witness, ‘Minutes of Evidence taken before the Royal Commission appointed to inquire into the Administration and Operation of the Contagious Diseases Acts’, (London: H.M.S.O., 1871), 3 February 1871, Q. 4422-35.

123. William Littleton, witness, ‘Minutes of Evidence taken before the Royal Commission appointed to inquire into the Administration and Operation of the Contagious Diseases Acts’, (London: H.M.S.O., 1871), 24 February 1871, Q. 8375-99, and Q. 8471-72.

124. Joseph Webster, witness, ‘Minutes of Evidence taken before the Royal Commission appointed to inquire into the Administration and Operation of the Contagious Diseases Acts’, (London: H.M.S.O., 1871), 17 March 1871, Q. 12,319-35.

125. W. Shaen, witness, ‘Minutes of Evidence taken before the Royal Commission appointed to inquire into the Administration and Operation of the Contagious Diseases Acts’, (London: H.M.S.O., 1871), 12 May 1871, Q. 19,551-54.

126. ‘The Police and Prostitution’, Reynolds’s Newspaper, 9 July 1871, p. 5.

127. ‘The Contagious Diseases Acts’, Glasgow Herald, 14 November 1871, p. 5.

128. ‘Murders and Suicides’, Jackson’s Oxford Journal, 3 April 1875, p. 6.

129. ‘Woolwich’, Lloyd’s Weekly Newspaper, 9 January 1876, p. 4.

130. Anon., Recollections of an Old Soldier (Birmingham: J. C. Aston, 1886), pp. 34-5.

Part 5. First Person Accounts – Memoirs and Interviews

131. John Pindar, Autobiography of a Private Soldier (Cupar, Fife: Fife News, 1877), pp. 49, 68-9.

132.Timothy Gowing, A Soldier's Experience (Nottingham: Thos. Forman & Sons, 1892), pp. 325, 350, 359-64, 373-7.

133. Edwin Mole, A King's Hussar (London: Cassell & Co., 1897), pp. 128, 137-8, 142-52, 154-6, 158, 162-3, 167-8, 193-4, 196-7, 202-5, 313-6, 324-6, 328.

Part 6. Fictional Representations

134. E.C. Grenville Murray, Six Months in the Ranks, or the Gentleman Private (London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1881), pp. 16-18, 269-71, 288-93 & 317-318.

135. ‘The Girl I Left Behind Me’, in J.H. Stocqueler, The British Soldier: an Anecdotal History of the British Army (London: Wm. S. Orr, 1857), pp. 269-70.

About the Editors

Jennine Hurl-Eamon is Associate Professor of History at Trent University, Canada

Lynn MacKay is Professor of History at Brandon University, Canada

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HIS000000
HISTORY / General
HIS037050
HISTORY / Modern / 18th Century