Women, Gender Equality, and Post-Conflict Transformation: Lessons Learned, Implications for the Future, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Women, Gender Equality, and Post-Conflict Transformation

Lessons Learned, Implications for the Future, 1st Edition

Edited by Joyce P. Kaufman, Kristen P. Williams


220 pages

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The end of formal hostilities in any given conflict provides an opportunity to transform society in order to secure a stable peace. This book builds on the existing feminist international relations literature as well as lessons of past cases that reinforce the importance of including women in the post-conflict transition process, and are important to our general understanding of gender relations in the conflict and post-conflict periods. Post-conflict transformation processes, including disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) programs, transitional justice mechanisms, reconciliation measures, and legal and political reforms, which emerge after the formal hostilities end demonstrate that war and peace impact, and are impacted by, women and men differently. By drawing on a strong theoretical framework and a number of cases, this volume provides important insight into questions pertaining to the end of conflict and the challenges inherent in the post-conflict transition period that are relevant to students and practitioners alike.


'Kaufman and Williams have given us a richly contextualized gender analysis of post-war patriarchy's stubborn "sustainability". They and their knowledgable contributors have also revealed what women, when organized and powered by feminist analytical curiosity, can do to expose that unjust and wasteful faux "peace". This is a wonderfully valuable book.' - Cynthia Enloe, author of Globalization and Militarism (updated 2nd edition, 2016)

'In the last fifteen years, enthusiasm over the United Nations Security Council resolution on women, peace, and security has turned to disappointment. This valuable collaborative study explains why. Theoretical chapters identify how policies failed to anticipate the role of gender in post-conflict situations. A return to "normal" expectations of masculinity and feminity has hindered postwar reconstruction in many ways. Women, whose behavior and responsibilities were often transformed during the conflict, found their postwar opportunities limited, for example, by job training that focused on traditional activities, while neglecting their new abilities and needs. When the connection between masculinity and force goes unrecognized, then even the demobilization of male soldiers will not necessarily lead to "peace," if women face a continued threat of domestic violence. Many more such insights are explored in detailed cases that range from Africa (Liberia, Sierra Leone, South Africa) to Latin America (El Salvador, Guatemala) to Europe (former Yugoslavia and Northern Ireland). Here the whole is greater than the sum of the parts, as the volume marks important advances in theory, integrates original empirical material, and proposes key policy initiatives.' - Matthew Evangelista, author of Gender, Nationalism, and War: Conflict on the Movie Screen

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


List of Figures and Tables


J. Ann Tickner


Joyce P. Kaufman and Kristen P. Williams

Part I: Theory and Framework

Chapter 1: Women Living in a Gendered World

Laura Sjoberg

Chapter 2: The Aftermath of War: Considering Gender in the Process of Disarmament, Demilitarization and Reintegration

Fionnuala Ni Aolain

Chapter 3: Imagined Peace, Gender Relations and Post-Conflict Transformation: Anti-colonial and post-Cold War Conflicts

Jane L. Parpart

Part II: Case Studies

Chapter 4: The Gender Politics of Negotiating and Renegotiating the Peace in Northern Ireland Fidelma Ashe and Carmel Roulston

Chapter 5: Bosnia, Women, and Gender in a post-Dayton World

Kristen P. Williams

Chapter 6: Perpetuating a Gendered Peace? Exploring Gender Mainstreaming in Disarmament, Demobilization, Rehabilitation and Reintegration (DDRR) in Liberia

Helen S.A. Basini

Chapter 7: Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration and the Poetics of Slavery in Sierra Leone

Megan H. MacKenzie

Chapter 8: Women, Apartheid and the TRC: The Impact of Apartheid on Women in South Africa, Plus 20 Years

Joyce P. Kaufman

Chapter 9: Engendering Peace: Divergent Post-Conflict Processes for Women in Guatemala and El Salvador

Kara Ellerby

Part III: Lessons Learned, Implications for the Future

Chapter 10: Conclusions

Joyce P. Kaufman and Kristen P. Williams



About the Editors

Joyce P. Kaufman, Whittier College, USA and Kristen P. Williams, Clark University, USA

About the Series

Gender in a Global/Local World

Gender in a Global/Local World

Gender in a Global/Local World critically explores the uneven and often contradictory ways in which global processes and local identities come together. Much has been and is being written about globalization and responses to it but rarely from a critical, historical, gendered perspective. Yet, these processes are profoundly gendered albeit in different ways in particular contexts and times. The changes in social, cultural, economic and political institutions and practices alter the conditions under which women and men make and remake their lives. New spaces have been created - economic, political, social - and previously silent voices are being heard. North-South dichotomies are being undermined as increasing numbers of people and communities are exposed to international processes through migration, travel, and communication, even as marginalization and poverty intensify for many in all parts of the world. The series features monographs and collections which explore the tensions in a ’global/local world’, and includes contributions from all disciplines in recognition that no single approach can capture these complex processes.

Please contact one of the editors if you have a proposal for consideration:

Jane Parpart: Jane.Parpart@umb.edu

Marianne H. Marchand: marianneh.marchand@udlap.mx

Rirhandu Mageza-Barthel: mageza-barthel@uni-kassel.de

Learn more…

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