Conditional Cash Transfer Programs have been widely used throughout less developed countries to fight poverty and foster socioeconomic development. In Women, Gender and Conditional Cash Transfers, a multidisciplinary group of feminist scholars use survey data analysis, in-depth interviews, and ethnographic and archival research to explore the extent to which Bolsa Familia in Brazil contributes to women´s autonomy and improves gender relations.
Comprised of nine chapters, written by authors from different regions of Brazil, this book captures perspectives from across Brazil to explain these regional social inequalities and provide historical, and up-to-date, insights of this program from a feminist perspective. The authors are able to move beyond conventional feminist knowledge on CCTs, women and gender relations, through considering questions of gender raised in the specialized literature related to Bolsa Familia, and by addressing concerns of intersectional categories such as race, ethnicity, age and geographic location,
Women, Gender and Conditional Cash Transfers will be of great interest not only to scholars of Latin American politics, but also to students of development policy, public policy and gender.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction: Bolsa Família in Polítical Context
2. Bolsa Família: Background, Operation, and Gender Issues
Teresa Sacchet, Silvana Mariano, and Cassia Maria Carloto
3. Beyond Distribution: Issues of Gender Justice in Fighting Poverty in Brazil
4. Bolsa Família in Bahia: Intersections of Class, Gender, Race and Generation
Márcia Tavares and Josimara Delgado
5. The Bolsa Família Program: Reflections on Its Role in Social Protection and Gender Relations in Brazil
Luana Passos, Simone Wajnman, and Fábio Waltenber
6. Gender and Autonomy of Women in Poverty: An Investigation into the Bolsa Família Program
Silvana Mariano and Márcio Ferreira de Souza
7. Conditionalities in the Bolsa Familia Program and Women’s Use of Time in Domestic-Family Work
Cássia Maria Carloto
8. Stigmas and Controls on Bolsa Família Beneficiary Women
Mani Tebet A. de Marins
Silvana Mariano and Cássia Maria Carloto
Teresa Sacchet is a professor at the Graduate Program in Interdisciplinary Studies on Women, Gender and Feminism, at the Federal University of Bahia, Brazil. She specializes on topics related to feminism, democratic theories, political institutions, political parties, quotas, electoral system, electoral financing, and public policies with a focus on gender and racial issues.
Silvana Mariano is a professor at the Department of Social Sciences at the State University of Londrina, Brazil. She specializes in the field of Sociology, with an emphasis on Gender Studies, working mainly on the following themes: gender, feminism, public policies and citizenship.
Cássia Maria Carloto is a professor at the State University of Londrina, Brazil and the leader of the Gender, Public Policies, and Family research group at the same institution. She has conducted research on women’s participation in Conditional Cash Transfer programs since 2003, focusing particularly on Bolsa Família.
'A much needed feminist critical review of Bolsa Familia that might enlighten Conditional Cash Transfers Program's analysis and improve them to better impact on women's lives and gender equality.'
Corina Rodríguez Enríquez, FLACSO Argentina
'This book makes an essential contribution to studies of gender (and race) within conditional cash transfer (CCT) programmes. It offers a detailed examination of the best-known CCT, Brazil’s Bolsa Família, showing how it has been both essential and insufficient for the amelioration of extreme poverty, and how it has built upon, and shifted, gender roles in the country. This is an essential resource to scholars and students working in this field.'
Alfredo Saad-Filho, King’s College London