Women, Mobility and Incarceration: Love and Recasting of Self across the Bangladesh-India Border, 1st Edition (e-Book) book cover

Women, Mobility and Incarceration

Love and Recasting of Self across the Bangladesh-India Border, 1st Edition

By Rimple Mehta

Routledge

162 pages | 1 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2018-08-16
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Description

This book explores how Bangladeshi women from poor and undereducated/semi-educated backgrounds who have crossed the Indo-Bangladesh border find themselves in prisons serving sentences under the Foreigners Act, 1946. Drawing on original fieldwork, this book explores these women’s understanding of borders and state sovereignty and how the women - from conservative rural and semi-rural backgrounds which impose a strict moral code - adjust to the socio-cultural context of an Indian prison, where being an inmate is "dishonourable" in their community.

This book examines the implicit challenge in these women’s action and decisions to these codes of honour, to accepted social norms of their religion and community, and ultimately, the dominantly patriarchal system that marks South Asian society. Further, it focuses on the negotiations that the Bangladeshi women make with the social and political borders they encounter in the process of crossing the Indo-Bangladesh border without requisite documents needed by the state for entry into a "foreign" land; how they cope with the daily challenges of living during their imprisonment in a correctional home; and their feelings about their impending return to Bangladesh. Women who are apprehended and criminalised for crossing borders must negotiate with not only the normative understanding of borders which is inherently masculine in nature, but also the gender biased lens through which female mobility is viewed: therefore, they not only cross political borders but also social borders.

This book maps the associations between women’s experiences of mobility and incarceration, and their linkages with social and political borders and the fraught experiences of being in a ‘foreign’ territorial space. It will be important reading for criminologists, sociologists, and those engaged in penology, women’s studies and migration studies.

Table of Contents

Introduction

1. Researching within the Borders of Incarceration

2. Bhool to Aporadh: Negotiations with Borders and the Criminal Justice System

3. (Dis)Honouring Criminality and Shame: Negotiations with Maan-Shonmaan

4. From Violence to Prem: Narratives of Survival

Reflections

Bibliography

Annexures

Index

About the Author

Rimple Mehta is an Assistant Professor at the Tata Institute for Social Sciences. Previously she was an Assistant Professor at the School of Women’s Studies, Jadavpur University. She studied Sociology, Social Work and Women’s Studies and has written on gender, borders, sexuality and prisons, especially criminalization of mobility and Bangladeshi women in Indian prisons. Her paper titled "So Many Ways to Love You/Self: Negotiating Love in a Prison" won the 2013 Enloe Award. She has worked with organisations such as Swayam and networks such as Maitree against violence on women in West Bengal, as well as with women prisoners in Mumbai, Kolkata and The Netherlands.

About the Series

Routledge Studies in Criminal Justice, Borders and Citizenship

Globalizing forces have had a profound impact on the nature of contemporary criminal justice and law more generally. This is evident in the increasing salience of borders and mobility in the production of illegality and social exclusion. Immigration and its control are highly charged topics in contemporary crime policy and politics. In the past two decades such matters have become subjects of extensive scholarly analysis throughout the social sciences. Though criminology has been a relative latecomer to this body of work, it is now possible to speak of an emerging ‘criminology of mobility.

Routledge Studies in Criminal Justice, Borders and Citizenship showcases contemporary studies that connect criminological scholarship to migration studies and explores the intellectual resonances between the two. It provides an opportunity to reflect on the theoretical and methodological challenges posed by mass mobility and its control. By doing that, it aims to chart an intellectual space and establish a theoretical tradition within criminology to house scholars of immigration control, who have traditionally published either in general criminological or in anthropological, sociological, refugee studies, human rights and other publications.

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SOC007000
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Emigration & Immigration
SOC028000
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Women's Studies