Workers, Women, and Social Change in Poland, 1870–1939
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The studies collected here deal with social and cultural changes in Polish lands during the early phases of industrialisation, i.e. the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Attention is first given to the stabilisation of urban agglomerations and workers' communities, and the accompanying transformations in social status, family structure, and collective life and culture of the workers. An especial focus is the cultural transformations which occurred at the time of the 1905-1907 revolution in the Kingdom of Poland, incorporating it into tsarist Russia. In parallel with this, Professor Zarnowska has been concerned to examine the gender-determined inequalities of the life opportunities of women and men, and how these altered as social modernisation in Poland progressed. She looks at the changing legal and social status of women and their life chances, as well as the emergence of new social models of women's roles. Several studies are also devoted to the impact exerted by urban civilisation, as well as the growing professional activity of women upon the changes to cultural norms regulating the relations between women and men, as well as the development of women's aspirations in the family, society and culture.
Table of Contents
Contents: Preface; Part 1 The Working Class and Social Change in Poland in the Final Decades of the 19th Century and in the Early 20th Century - The Working Class Culture: La classe ouvrière polonaise Ã la charnière des XIXe et XXe ss.: integration et differenciation; Die soziale Herkunft des stÃ¤dtischen Proletariats im KÃ¶nigreich Polen; Probleme der Herausbildung und politischen Formierung der Arbeiterklasse. Ost-mitteleuropÃ¤ische Besonderheiten; Rural immigrants and their adaptation to the working-class community in Warsaw; Working-class culture or workers' culture? The problem of working-class culture in Poland at the turn of the 20th century; Religion and politics: Polish workers c. 1900; Education of working-class women in the Polish kingdom (the 19th century - beginning of the 20th century). Part 2 The Political Culture of Society Early in the 20th Century - The Revolution of 1905-07 in the Polish Kingdom: Determinants of the political activity of the working class in the Polish territories on the turn of the 19th century; Some aspects of the democratization of political life in congress Poland at the beginning of the 20th century; Revolution of 1905-07 and the political activation of the working class in the Polish kingdom; Die Genese der Spaltung in der Polnischen Sozialistischen Partei im 1906. Part 3 The Changing Family and the Socio-Cultural Position of Women: Working family in the kingdom of Poland at the end of the 19th century; Women in working class families in the Congress kingdom (the Russian zone of Poland) at the turn of the 19th century; Changes in the occupation and social status of women in Poland since the Industrial Revolution till 1939; Family and public life: barriers and interpenetration - women in Poland at the turn of the century; Social change, women, and the family in the era of industrialization: recent Polish research; Index.
Anna Zarnowska is a Professor at the Institute of History, Warsaw University, Poland.