Working with Underachieving Students in Higher Education
Fostering inclusion through narration and reflexivity
Working with Underachieving Students in Higher Education: Fostering Inclusion through Narration and Reflexivity presents an international and interdisciplinary approach to the study of the relationships between narrative devices and reflexivity in higher education. Stemming from a collaborative European research project called INSTALL (Innovative Solutions to Acquire Learning to Learn), it focuses on an innovative model aimed at promoting personal resources and reflective competencies in non-traditional, disadvantaged and underachieving students.
The book is divided into three parts, with the first providing an exploration of the key theoretical issues that formed the basis of the theoretical and methodological approaches in the INSTALL Project. The second part presents an innovative narrative methodology and discusses the most significant phases of the training process and of the main products. The third and last part provides a broad discussion of higher education policies and of the need to encourage innovation and reforms to improve the academic inclusion of underachieving students. Chapters in the collection examine interventions in Italy, Romania, Ireland and Spain, using a broad transnational, intercultural and comparative approach, to consider narrative tools using four channels: metaphoric, iconographic, writing, and the body.
This book provides theoretical insights and practical methodologies which can be used to enhance quality teaching and innovation, as well as to help adapt to diversity in higher education. It will, therefore, be of key interest to academics, researchers and postgraduate students in the fields of higher education; sociology of education; education policy and politics; cultural and developmental psychology; and narrative research, as well as to those studying counselling, mentoring and coaching
Table of Contents
Section 1 Theoretical background to reflexivity: Fostering academic inclusion 1 Academic inclusion: A debated and interdisciplinary concept M.F. Freda, N. Rainone, M. Striano, and P. Valerio. 2 The risks of being "excluded": Non-traditional, disadvantaged, and underachieving students M.T. Padilla-Carmona, D.F. Stănescu, and J. González-Monteagudo. 3 Reflexivity or "Reflexivities" in Higher Education: Conceptualizing unique reflexive processes G. Esposito, M.F. Freda, and R. De Luca Picione. 4 The role of narrative devices in fostering reflexivity in higher education M.F. Freda. Section 2 Fostering reflexivity in underachieving students: Experience from the INSTALL Project 5 A novel narrative method to foster reflexivity in higher education: The narrative mediation path M.F. Freda, G. Esposito, and M.L. Martino. 6 INSTALL Project process: Formative experiences in three European countries G. Esposito, A. Cannata, D.F. Stănescu, and J. González-Monteagudo. 7 Underachieving student experiences in the INSTALL programs: The use of student narratives G. Esposito, J.M. Lavié-Martínez, D.F. Stănescu, and E.M. Iorga. 8 Narrative Mediation Path training in Romania and Italy: An interpretative phenomenological analysis on follow-up interviews M.L. Martino, D.F. Stănescu, A. Cannata, and E.M. Iorga. 9 Student perspectives on INSTALL training in Spain: Achievements and challenges J.M. Lavié-Martínez, M. T. Padilla-Carmona, and J. González-Monteagudo. 10 Reflexivity and improvements in academic performance G. Esposito, M.F. Freda, and S. Manzo. Section 3 Implications for policy and practice 11 Training in narrative techniques: An interdisciplinary formative method M.F. Freda, and G. Esposito. 12 Implications for policies and institutions: how institutions could benefit from INSTALL J. González-Monteagudo, N. Rainone, M. Striano, and P. Valerio
Maria Francesca Freda is Professor of Clinical Psychology in the Department of Humanities, University of Naples Federico II, Italy.
José González-Monteagudo is Professor of Educational Theory at the University of Seville, Spain.
Giovanna Esposito is Post Doc Researcher in the Centre for Active and Integrated Inclusion of Students (SInAPSi), University of Naples Federico II, Italy.
This book is a remarkable project and a "must read" for anyone interested in underachievement. The authors articulate underachievement with reflexivity difficulties, and use narrative construction of meaning (through different mediums) as a path to stimulate reflexivity, and improve academic success; making this book a very relevant publication in this field. As a researcher on narrative and psychotherapy, I particularly appreciated the way narrative as an holistic concept fits this project: narratives are not just in the "heads" of people, but also in their bodies and in the socio-symbolic constructions people share with each other. A very rich, creative and solid contribution!
Professor Miguel M. Gonçalves, University of Minho, Portugal
Improving the life chances of non-traditional and underachieving students is one of the most important contributions that higher education can make to social mobility and social justice. Much has been written about the need to ‘raise expectations’ and ‘boost confidence’ so that people from disadvantaged backgrounds can thrive in unfamiliar academic environments. This book focuses on the role of narrative approaches in fostering reflexivity, and thereby promoting learner agency. The approaches themselves are rooted in experience as well as in a thorough understanding of learning theory, and they have been tested in a variety of settings. I’ve always sought to teach in ways that are challenging but inclusive, demanding but empowering, and this book comes as an important resource.
John Field, Emeritus Professor, School of Education, Stirling University, UK
This book is a major advancement in the application of narrative techniques in the context of students who are in trouble with themselves in the context of higher education. The focus on (under)achievement is translated here into reflexivity as observed in narrative practices. The development of new techniques is well described in the book, and should be of great interest to practitioners in counselling and higher education administrators.
Jaan Valsiner, Niels Bohr Professor of Cultural Psychology, Aalborg University
I consider this book a useful proposal for students, researchers and practitioners. The current situation is exacerbating the vulnerability and undermining solidarity, so attention to inclusion and to at risk individuals are crucial. I emphasize the value of the topic, the focus on reflexivity and its analysis from different points of view, as well as the focus on strengthening the reflexivity in particular in at risk individuals. At this regards the book provides basic topics and specific insights, involving scholars from different nations and proposing in-depth qualitative analysis.
Salvatore Soresi, Full Professor, University of Padua, Italy
This is an important book from an interdisciplinary, multi-national team, wrestling with issues of under-achievement in higher education, and how this might be addressed in theory and practice. The study begins from the premise of the importance of social inclusion in Europe, and a wider world, in which exclusion, social and educational inequalities are tending to worsen; and where the forces of xenophobia, racism and fundamentalism are getting stronger. The book pushes us towards new thinking, in the use of narrative and reflexivity, to enable unconfident learners to consider their academic and personal struggles in a developmental frame – the Narrative Mediation Path. This combines psychological, therapeutic, educational and artistic expertise and insights. It utilises forms of imaginative writing that draw on metaphor, iconographic techniques, and embodied experience in creative ways. This book is a real resource of hope in a hard-pressed university world. What is also welcome is the strong representation in the research team from southern and Eastern Europe, which helps counter the tendency of the Anglophone world to dominate the international literature on universities and their students.
Professor Linden West, Canterbury Christ Church University, England