The 2011 Arab uprisings led to a great proliferation of studies on the situations in the Arab countries of the Mediterranean, with particular attention given to their young people, whose role was particularly central. Eight years on, in-depth exploration is still needed of the conditions in which millions of (mainly young) people demanded change. In this context, this volume examines the state and diversity of the forms of socioeconomic, political and cultural marginalization facing the region's young men and women, as well as the strategies and routes of contestation by which they escape them. Through the interdisciplinary empiricism of this book, based on the results emerging from the SAHWA Project (funded by the European Commission under the Seventh Framework Programme, grant agreement nº 613174), we aspire to build a complex description and analysis of the current situation of the Arab Mediterranean youth.
The aim is to fathom out young people’s patterns, agency and living conditions, focusing on the relational character of the juvenile worlds actively constructed by themselves. The authors explore the main trends that are reflected in the social strategies, cultural constructions and changes within the Arab youth population, and whether the creation of new lifestyles and the emergence of youth cultures are an indicator of sociopolitical transitions. To answer all these questions the researchers have conducted a comprehensive study in five Arab Mediterranean countries: Algeria, Egypt, Lebanon, Morocco and Tunisia. Based on mixed method research the data collection is composed of two primary sources: the SAHWA Youth Survey 2016 (2017), in which 10,000 young people were interviewed; and the SAHWA Ethnographic Fieldwork 2015, involving more than 200 young people.
Table of Contents
Introduction. Youth at the Margins: Perspectives on Arab Mediterranean Youth Elena Sánchez-Montijano and José Sánchez García
PART I To be young in Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria, Egypt and Lebanon: case studies
1 Is becoming an entrepreneur the way out for young Moroccans? Caroline Minialai, Lisa Bosenbroeck and Driss Ksikes
2 Youth civic and political participation in Algeria: Issues and challenges Mustapha Omrane
3 Young Tunisian men and women, between marginalisation and recognition Soukeina Bouraoui, Lilia Othman Challougui and Sihem Najar
4 Revolt, re-marginalisation and co-optation: Youth political participation in Egypt Bahgat Korany
5 “Born to be exported”?: The post-civil war Lebanese youth(s) and the rupture between education and employment Rima Majed
PART II An overview of Arab Mediterranean youth 103
6 Arab Mediterranean youth: Religion and politics Keneth Roberts, Siyka Kovacheva and Stanimir Kabaivanov
7 “Getting out from the shell of fear”?: Forms of youth political engagement and the impact of social inequalities in the MENA countries Siyka Kovacheva, Stanimir Kabaivanov and Boris Popivanov
8 School-to-work transitions in Arab Mediterranean countries Leonie Backberg, Andreas Etling and Jochen Tholen
9 Political chronotopes of youth engagement: Towards more inclusive and enabling environments Laine and Martta Myllylä
10 The transformation of youth cultural norms and values: A gendered analysis Ilenya Camozzi, Daniela Cherubini, Carmen Leccardi and Paola Rivetti
11 The Euro-Med Youth Programme and young people in the Arab Mediterranean countries: A reality check Asuman Göksel and Özgehan Şenyuva
12 Youth demarginalisation strategies in the Arab Mediterranean countries Elena Sánchez-Montijano and José Sánchez García
Elena Sánchez-Montijano is Senior Research Fellow at CIDOB (Barcelona Centre for International Affairs) in the area of migration, and adjunct professor at the Political Science Department of Barcelona University.
José Sánchez García is senior researcher at Pompeu Fabra University (Barcelona).